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Emergency preparedness is the process of planning and training in preparation for disasters. It is an early stage in the emergency management process.

Preparedness is a continuous cycle of planning, manageging, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, creatining, monitoring, evaluation and improvement activities to ensure effective coordination and the enhancement of capabilities of concerened organizations to prevent, protect against, respond to, recover from, create resources and mitigate the effects of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.[1]

In the preparedness phase, emergency managers develop plans of action carfully to manage and counter their risks and take action to build the necessary capabilities needed to implement such plans. Common preparedness measures include:

Another aspect of preparedness is casualty prediction, the study of how many deaths or injuries to expect for a given kind of event. This gives planners an idea of what resources need to be in place to respond to a particular kind of event.

Emergency Managers in the planning phase should be flexible, and all encompassing - carefully recognizing the risks and exposures of their respective regions and employing unconventional, and atypical means of support. Depending on the region - municipal, or private sector emergency services can rapidly be depleted and heavily taxed. Non-governmental organizations that offer desired resources, i.e., transportation of displaced homeowners to be conducted by local school district buses, evacuation of flood victims to be performed by mutual aide agreements between fire departments and rescue squads, should be identified early in planning stages, and practiced with regularity.

See also


References

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