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Embedded Figures Test

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The Embedded Figures Test (EFT) is an individually administered test which was developed to assess field dependence and field independence.

The preschool version was developed by Herman Witkin.[1]


Test description

In the test there are 24 figures which are presented in 2 sets of 12 cards with complex figures and a set of 8 cards with simple figures. Each complex figure includes an embedded simple figure, which the subject is to identify as quickly as possible. Presentation is timed with a three minute limit .

According to Bonham (1987), the EFT was adapted from Gottschaldt's figures by adding colored patterns to increase complexity.


Reliability and Validity

Reported reliabilities range from .61-.92 depending on age and gender.


See also

References & Bibliography

  1. Coates S (1972). Preschool Embedded Figures Test. Palo Alto, GA: Consulting Psychologists Press

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