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Landolt, Edmund, (17 May 1846 - 9 May 1926) was a Swiss ophthalmologist stationed in Paris. Mostly know for a wide range of publications and his research in the field of ophthalmology.

First years Edit

Edmund Landolt was born in Kirchberg, Switzerland, of a French mother, Rosina Baumgartner, and Swiss father, Rudolf Landolt.

He came to France during the Franco-Prussian War 1871 with a Swiss ambulance hospital, and was present at the battles around Belfort, where he contracted enteric fever.

Study and work Edit

Studied at University of Zurich where he got a Ph.D. in 1869 and was through this time and later pupil of Knapp in Heidelberg, Ferdinand Arlt in Vienna, Von Graefe and Helmholtz in Berlin, Horner in Zürich, and Snellen and Donders in Utrecht.

Worked in physiological optics with, among others, Snellen and Donders.

After study and practice in Utrecht and Germany he established himself in Paris in 1874 where he became oculist to the Institut National des Jeunes Aveugles.

With Panas (1832-1903) and Poncet (1849-1913) he re-founded the Archives d'ophtalmologie in 1881 and co-directed the Laboratoire d’Ophtalmologie with Javal.

Landolt's eye clinic on the Rue Saint-André-des-Arts was world famous. There he treated ,among others, Mary Cassatt[1], and gave her the diagnosis cataracts.

Special fields of work Edit

Ocular muscles and their disorders. Pioneering the work in their study and treatment.

He discovered `Landolt's bodies´[2] between the rods and cones of the outer nuclear layer of the retina, investigated the functions of the ocular muscles and devised a new advancement operation.

Famous for his publication of Landolt C.

Publications Edit

English Edit

  • The introduction of the metrical system into ophthalmology, London : J. & A. Churchill, 1876. OCLC: 56373123
  • The artificial eye, London : Trübner & Co., 1879. OCLC: 29693518
    • tr. Edgar Athelstane Browne
  • A manual of examination of the eyes. A course of lectures delivered at the "Ećole pratique,", Philadelphia, D.G. Brinton, 1879. OCLC: 2394443
    • tr. Swan M Burnett
  • A manual of examination of the eyes. A course of lectures delivered at the "École pratique,", Philadelphia, D.G. Brinton, 1879. OCLC: 14069016
    • Ed. 2.: London : Baillie're, Tindall & Cox, 1879. OCLC: 14408212
  • On myopia, London : Harrison and Sons, 1879. OCLC: 29693435
  • On insufficiency of the power of convergence, [S.l. : [s.n.], 1886. OCLC: 29693375
  • The refraction and accommodation of the eye and their anomalies, Edinburgh, Pentland, 1886. OCLC: 3057956
    • Ed. 2.: Phila., J. B. Lippincott Company., 1886. OCLC: 12013230
    • Refraction and accommodation of the eye and their anomalies, Edinburgh, Young J. Pentland, 1886. OCLC: 11626601
  • Cataract-operation, in our time, [Chicago] : Ophthalmic Record, 1892. OCLC: 27659117
  • Vade mecum of ophthalmological therapeutics, Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1898. OCLC: 9689831
    • and Gygax
  • On ophthalmic surgery, being the Bowman lecture delivered on Wednesday, June 7, 1911., Lond. 1911. OCLC: 83292691
  • Defective ocular movements and their diagnosis, London, Frowde, 1913. OCLC: 14798829
    • and Marc Landolt

French Edit

  • Le grossissement des images ophthalmoscopiques, Paris : Adrien Delahaye, 1874. OCLC: 16077174
  • Sur les causes de l'amétropie, Paris, 1877. OCLC: 79211659
  • Leçons sur le diagnostic des maladies des yeux : faite à l'Ecole pratique de la Faculté de médicine de Paris, pendant le semester d'été 1875, Paris : Aux Bureaux du Progrès Médical : Ve A. Delahaye, 1877. OCLC: 16867948
  • L'œil artificiel, Paris : Octave Doin, 1878. OCLC: 65009615
  • Manuel d'ophthalmoscopie., Paris, Doin, 1878. OCLC: 14863824
  • Clinique des maladies des yeux. Compte rendu pour l'anneé 1878, Coulommiers : P. Brodard, 1879. OCLC: 53178656
  • Traité complet d'ophthalmologie, Paris : V. Adrien Delahaye, 1880-1889. OCLC: 9766547
    • and Louis de Wecker
    • Ed. 2.: Paris, Lecrosnier et Babé, 1880-89. OCLC: 14860559
  • Tableau synoptique des mouvements des yeux & de leurs anomalies, Paris : Martinet, [ca.1880] OCLC: 67734772
  • Tableau synoptique des mouvements des yeux et de leurs anomalies, [S.l. : s.n., 188-?]. OCLC: 61653001
    • aa. Librairie médicale scientifique vigot frères,
  • Notice biographique à la mémoire du Docteur C [Johann] F[riedrich] Horner, professeur d'ophthalmologie à l'Université de Zurich, Paris : [s.n.], 1887. OCLC: 81850385
    • and C Johann Friedrich Horner
  • Notice biographique à la mémoire du Docteur T.F. Horner, professeur d'ophthalmologie à l'Université de Zurich, Paris, 1887. OCLC: 82939545
  • Rapport sur la question du strabisme, preś. au VIIe Congreś international d'ophthalmologie à Heidelberg, Wiesbaden, 1888. OCLC: 67724682
  • Opto-types simples. 2 circular disks, Paris : O. Doin, 1889. OCLC: 53178663
  • F. C. Donders, Paris : Steinheil, 1889. OCLC: 69060626
  • Un nouveau procédé d'opération dans le distichiasis, Paris, 1890. OCLC: 67724675
  • Un nouveau cas d'achromatopsie totale, Paris : G. Steinheil, 1891. OCLC: 53178653
  • H. de Helmholtz : esquisse biographique, [S.l. : s.n.], 1894. OCLC: 65101525
    • and H. de Helmholtz
  • Précis de thérapeutique ophtalmologique, Paris, Masson, 1895. OCLC: 14808861
    • and Gygax
  • Nouveaux objets-types pour la de\´{t}ermination de lacute visuelle, Paris : Doin, 1899. OCLC: 65087355
  • Nouveau objets-types pour la détermination de l'acuité visuelle., Paris : O. Doin, 1899. OCLC: 53178619
  • Souvenirs sur H.Snellen, Paris : Steinheil, 1908. OCLC: 67520817
  • Diagnostic des troubles de la motilité oculaire, Paris, Masson, 1909. Ed. française par Marc Landolt OCLC: 14785955
  • Examen des mouvements normaux & pathologiques des yeux, Paris, G. Steinheil, 1916. OCLC: 5856097

Family Edit

Married Valerie Hübscher. Two sons; Dr. Fernand Landolt, laryngologist and Dr. Marc Landolt, ophthalmologist.

Curiosity Edit

He is mentioned in Sherlock Holmes' book The Demon Device (Robert Saffron) p. 44. [3] [4]

References Edit

External linksEdit

Stub Edit

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