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The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is a 10-item questionnaire that was developed to identify women who have PPD.[1] Items of the scale correspond to various clinical depression symptoms, such as guilt feeling, sleep disturbance, low energy, anhedonia, and suicidal ideation. Overall assessment is done by total score, which is determined by adding together the scores for each of the 10 items. The EPDS may be used within 8 weeks postpartum and it also can be applied for depression screening during pregnancy.[2]

The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale is a widely used depression screening tool, which has been adapted and validated in many languages.[3][4][5]

See also Edit


  1. Cox J.L., Holden J.M., Sagovsky R. Detection of postnatal depression: development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Br J Psychiatry 1987; 150:782-6. PMID 3651732
  2. Bergink V, Kooistra L, Lambregtse-van den Berg MP, Wijnen H, Bunevicius R, van Baar A, Pop V. Validation of the Edinburgh Depression Scale during pregnancy. J Psychosom Res. 2011 Apr;70(4):385-9. Epub 2010 Dec 10. PMID 21414460
  3. Garcia-Esteve L, Ascaso C, Ojuel J, Navarro P. Validation of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in Spanish mothers. J Affect Disord. 2003 Jun;75(1):71-6. PMID 12781353
  4. Bergant AM, Nguyen T, Heim K, Ulmer H, Dapunt O. German language version and validation of the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1998 Jan 16;123(3):35-40. PMID 9472218
  5. Vivilaki VG, Dafermos V, Kogevinas M, Bitsios P, Lionis C. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale: translation and validation for a Greek sample. BMC Public Health 2009 Sep 9;9:329. PMID 19740443

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