Wikia

Psychology Wiki

Changes: Distressed personality type

Edit

Back to page

(update wp)
(update wp)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{PersonPsy}}
 
{{PersonPsy}}
'''Type-D personality''' is defined as the joint tendency towards negative affectivity (worry, irritability, gloom) and social inhibition (reticence and a lack of self-assurance). The letter 'D' stands for [[Stress (medicine)|'distressed']]. Johan Denollet (1), a Dutch professor of [[behavioral medicine|medical psychology]], is the founder of this concept. Research has shown that [[CHD]] patients with a type-D [[personality]] have a worse prognosis after a [[myocardial infarction]] (MI) as compared to patients without a type-D personality. Type-D is associated with a 4- to 8-times increased risk of mortality, recurrent MI, or [[sudden death]]. The effect of type-D is independent from traditional risk factors in CHD (2,3,4). Type-D personality can be assessed by means of a [[validity|valid]] and [[reliability|reliable]] 14-item [[questionnaire]], the DS14 (5). One half of the items refer to negative affectivity, and the other half of the items refer to social inhibition. People who score 10 points or more on both dimensions are classified as [[type-D]]. The DS14 can be applied in [[clinical practice]] for risk stratification in post-MI patients.
+
'''Type-D personality''' <ref name="DenolletJ2005DS14">{{Cite journal
  +
| author = [[Johan Denollet]]
  +
| title = DS14: standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition, and Type D personality
  +
| journal = [[Psychosomatic medicine]]
  +
| volume = 67
  +
| issue = 1
  +
| pages = 89–87
  +
| year = 2005
  +
| month = January-February
  +
| doi = 10.1097/01.psy.0000149256.81953.49
  +
| pmid = 15673629
  +
}}</ref>
  +
is defined as the joint tendency towards negative affectivity ([[worry]], [[irritability]], [[gloom]]) and [[social]] [[inhibition]] ([[reticence]] and a lack of [[self-assurance]]). The letter 'D' stands for [[Stress (medicine)|'distressed']]. Johan Denollet, a Dutch professor of [[behavioral medicine|medical psychology]], is the founder of this concept. Research has shown that [[Coronary heart disease|CHD]] patients with a type-D [[Personality type|personality]] have a worse prognosis after a [[myocardial infarction]] (MI) as compared to patients without a type-D personality. Type-D is associated with a 4- to 8-times increased risk of mortality, recurrent MI, or [[sudden death]]. The effect of type-D is independent from traditional risk factors in CHD.<ref>{{Cite journal
  +
| author = [[J. Denollet]], [[S. U. Sys]], [[N. Stroobant]], [[H. Rombouts]], [[T. C. Gillebert]] & [[D. L. Brutsaert]]
  +
| title = Personality as independent predictor of long-term mortality in patients with coronary heart disease
  +
| journal = [[Lancet]]
  +
| volume = 347
  +
| issue = 8999
  +
| pages = 417–411
  +
| year = 1996
  +
| month = February
  +
| pmid = 8618481
  +
}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal
  +
| author = [[J. Denollet]] & [[D. L. Brutsaert]]
  +
| title = Personality, disease severity, and the risk of long-term cardiac events in patients with a decreased ejection fraction after myocardial infarction
  +
| journal = [[Circulation]]
  +
| volume = 97
  +
| issue = 2
  +
| pages = 167–163
  +
| year = 1998
  +
| month = January
  +
| pmid = 9445169
  +
}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal
  +
| author = [[J. Denollet]], [[J. Vaes]] & [[D. L. Brutsaert]]
  +
| title = Inadequate response to treatment in coronary heart disease : adverse effects of type D personality and younger age on 5-year prognosis and quality of life
  +
| journal = [[Circulation]]
  +
| volume = 102
  +
| issue = 6
  +
| pages = 630–635
  +
| year = 2000
  +
| month = August
  +
| pmid = 10931802
  +
}}</ref>
  +
Type-D personality can be assessed by means of a valid and reliable 14-item questionnaire, the DS14.<ref name="DenolletJ2005DS14"/>
  +
One half of the items refer to negative affectivity, and the other half of the items refer to social inhibition. People who score 10 points or more on both dimensions are classified as type-D.
  +
In the general population Type D personality has a prevalence of between 20 and 35%, while in cardiac populations prevalence may be higher.
  +
The DS14 can be applied in [[clinical practice]] for risk stratification in post-MI patients.
   
===References===
+
== See also ==
  +
*[[Anxiety]]
  +
*[[Anxiety disorder]]
  +
*[[Neuroticism]]
  +
*[[Psychosomatic Medicine]]
   
# [http://typed.nl/ Website Type-D research]
+
==References==
# [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=8618481&query_hl=1&itool=pubmed_docsum/ Personality as independent predictor of long-term mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (Lancet, 1996)]
+
{{Reflist}}
# [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=9445169&query_hl=1&itool=pubmed_docsum/ Personality, disease severity, and the risk of long-term cardiac events in patients with a decreased ejection fraction after myocardial infarction (Circulation, 1998).]
 
# [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=10931802&query_hl=1&itool=pubmed_docsum/ Inadequate response to treatment in coronary heart disease : adverse effects of type D personality and younger age on 5-year prognosis and quality of life (Circulation, 2000).]
 
# [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=15673629&query_hl=1&itool=pubmed_docsum/ DS14: standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition, and Type D personality (Psychosomatic Medicine, 2005).]
 
   
[[Category:Personality type]]
+
=== Others ===
[[Category:Psychosomatic medicine]]
+
* {{Cite journal
{{enWP|Distressed personality type}}
+
| author = [[Nina Kupper]] & [[Johan Denollet]]
  +
| title = Type D personality as a prognostic factor in heart disease: assessment and mediating mechanisms
  +
| journal = [[Journal of personality assessment]]
  +
| volume = 89
  +
| issue = 3
  +
| pages = 265–266
  +
| year = 2007
  +
| month = December
  +
| doi = 10.1080/00223890701629797
  +
| pmid = 18001227
  +
}}
  +
* {{Cite journal
  +
| author = [[Lynn Williams]], [[Rory C. O'Connor]], [[Siobhan Howard]], [[Brian M. Hughes]], [[Derek W. Johnston]], [[Julia L. Hay]], [[Daryl B. O'Connor]], [[Christopher A. Lewis]], [[Eamonn Ferguson]], [[Noel Sheehy]], [[Madeleine A. Grealy]] & [[Ronan E. O'Carroll]]
  +
| title = Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: the role of health-related behavior and social support
  +
| journal = [[Journal of psychosomatic research]]
  +
| volume = 64
  +
| issue = 1
  +
| pages = 63–69
  +
| year = 2008
  +
| month = January
  +
| doi = 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.06.008
  +
| pmid = 18158001
  +
}}
  +
  +
[[Category:Personality traits]]
  +
[[Category:Health effectors]]
  +
  +
[[nl:Type-D persoonlijkheid]]
  +
  +
{{enWP|Type D personality}}

Latest revision as of 07:23, January 23, 2009

Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Personality: Self concept · Personality testing · Theories · Mind-body problem


Type-D personality [1] is defined as the joint tendency towards negative affectivity (worry, irritability, gloom) and social inhibition (reticence and a lack of self-assurance). The letter 'D' stands for 'distressed'. Johan Denollet, a Dutch professor of medical psychology, is the founder of this concept. Research has shown that CHD patients with a type-D personality have a worse prognosis after a myocardial infarction (MI) as compared to patients without a type-D personality. Type-D is associated with a 4- to 8-times increased risk of mortality, recurrent MI, or sudden death. The effect of type-D is independent from traditional risk factors in CHD.[2][3][4] Type-D personality can be assessed by means of a valid and reliable 14-item questionnaire, the DS14.[1] One half of the items refer to negative affectivity, and the other half of the items refer to social inhibition. People who score 10 points or more on both dimensions are classified as type-D. In the general population Type D personality has a prevalence of between 20 and 35%, while in cardiac populations prevalence may be higher. The DS14 can be applied in clinical practice for risk stratification in post-MI patients.

See also Edit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Johan Denollet (January-February 2005). DS14: standard assessment of negative affectivity, social inhibition, and Type D personality. Psychosomatic medicine 67 (1): 89–87.
  2. J. Denollet, S. U. Sys, N. Stroobant, H. Rombouts, T. C. Gillebert & D. L. Brutsaert (February 1996). Personality as independent predictor of long-term mortality in patients with coronary heart disease. Lancet 347 (8999): 417–411.
  3. J. Denollet & D. L. Brutsaert (January 1998). Personality, disease severity, and the risk of long-term cardiac events in patients with a decreased ejection fraction after myocardial infarction. Circulation 97 (2): 167–163.
  4. J. Denollet, J. Vaes & D. L. Brutsaert (August 2000). Inadequate response to treatment in coronary heart disease : adverse effects of type D personality and younger age on 5-year prognosis and quality of life. Circulation 102 (6): 630–635.

Others Edit

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki