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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
In a discrimination learning task the organism is required to respond differentially to different stimuli
In the operant conditioning paradigm responses to one stimulus (S+) are reinforced and response to another stimulus (S-) are punished or ignored. This results in the emitting of the response in the presence of S+ but not with the presentation of S-
In a classical conditioning paradigm in the presence of one stimulus, the CS+ (conditioned stimulus) and US (unconditioned stimulus) are paired, but in the presence of another stimulus CS- they are not. Following successful discrimination learning the CR (conditioned response) occurs in the presence of CS+ but not with CS-.
In a typical example a rat will be trained to distinguish between different coloured lights and can then learn to earn a reward for always pressing the lever under the red one.
- Drug discrimination
- Matching to sample
- Nonreversal shift learning
- Reversal shift learning
- Concept formation
- Differential reinforcement
- Extinction (learning)
- Fading (conditioning)
- Gagné's hierarchy of learning
- Generalization (learning)
- Kinship recognition
- Stimulus control
- Stimulus discrimination
References & BibliographyEdit
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