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Dialogical self

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The term dialogical self refers to the mind's ability to imagine the different positions of participants in an argument or conversation and to carry on an internal dialogue. The ability develops in children with the creation of imaginary friends, and is intimately connected with the what if reasoning process.


  • Hermans, H.J.M., Kempen, H.J.G., & van Loon, R.J.P. (1992). The dialogical self: Beyond individualism and rationalism. American Psychologist, 47, 23-33. Full text

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