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Depressive personality disorder is a psychiatric diagnosis that denotes a personality disorder with depressive features. It is a controversial disorder described in an appendix to the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-IV-TR as worthy of further study. It is not listed in the manual's personal disorder category.
Diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV-TR)
- A. A pervasive pattern of depressive cognitions and behaviors beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following:
- usual mood is dominated by dejection, gloominess, cheerlessness, joylessness, unhappiness
- self-concept centers around beliefs of inadequacy, worthlessness, and low self-esteem
- is critical, blaming, and derogatory toward self
- is brooding and given to worry
- is negativistic, critical, and judgmental toward others
- is pessimistic
- is prone to feeling guilty or remorseful
- B. Does not occur exclusively during Major Depressive Episodes and is not better accounted for by Dysthymic Disorder.
- American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
- Finnerty, Todd (2009). Depressive Personality Disorder: Understanding Current Trends in Research and Practice. Columbus, OH: WorldWideMentalHealth.com
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