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Depression - Risk factors

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Main article: Clinical depression

Risk factors increase the likelihood of getting depression, but does not mean you will get it. Conversely,the absence of any risk factors or having a protective factor does not necessarily guard against getting depression. These factors do not seem to be neccessarily a direct cause of the disease, but seem to be associated in some way

Factors that have been implicated are

Recent life event - Job loss, financial difficulties, long periods of unemployment, the loss of a spouse or other family member, divorce or the end of a committed relationship, or other traumatic events may trigger depression. Long-term stress at home, work, or school can also be involved.

Main article: Depression - Life events

Family history

  • Family history of mood disorders
  • Family history of depression
  • Family history of bipolar disorder
Main article: Depression - Genetic factors


  • Being female
Main article: Depression in women
Main article: Depression in men

Marital situation- Women who are unhappily married, divorced, or separated, have higher rates of clinical depression. The rates are lower for those who are happily married

Age- Initial onset of clinical depression usually occurs between the ages of 20 and 50, however people over the age of 65 may be especially vulnerable.

Main article: Depression in older adults

Physical illness

  • Cancer
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
Main article: Depression and physical illness

Psychological factors

  • Low self-esteem

Behavioural factors

  • Excess weight
  • Alcohol misuse
  • Tobacco use
  • Quitting smoking

See alsoEdit

Depression - Causes

References & BibliographyEdit

Key textsEdit



  • Lewinsohn PM, Hoberman HH, Rosenbaum M. A prospective study of risk factors for unipolar depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1988; 97(3): 251 64.

Additional materialEdit



External linksEdit

Types of depression
Depressed mood | Clinical depression | Bipolar disorder |Cyclothymia | |Dysthymia |Postpartum depression | |Reactive | Endogenous |
Aspects of depression
The social context of depression | Risk factors | Suicide and depression | [[]] | Depression in men | Depression in women | Depression in children |Depression in adolescence |
Research on depression
Epidemiology | Biological factors  |Genetic factors | Causes | [[]] | [[]] | Suicide and depression |
Biological factors in depression
Endocrinology | Genetics | Neuroanatomy | Neurochemistry | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] |
Depression theory
[[]] | Cognitive | Evolution | Memory-prediction framework | [[]] |[[]] | [[]] |
Depression in clinical settings
Comorbidity | Depression and motivation | Depression and memory | Depression and self-esteem |
Assessing depression
Depression measures | BDI | HDRS | BHS |CES-D |Zung |[[]] |
Approaches to treating depression
CAT | CBT |Human givens |Psychoanalysis | Psychotherapy |REBT |
Prominant workers in depression|-
Beck | Seligman | [[]] | [[]] |

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