Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Clinical: Approaches · Group therapy · Techniques · Types of problem · Areas of specialism · Taxonomies · Therapeutic issues · Modes of delivery · Model translation project · Personal experiences ·

Clinical depression is one of the disorders that the notion of kindling has been applied. For as Kendler et al (2005) have shown, that while a first episode may be caused by severe adversity, the experience of one episode makes a second more likely, the second makes a third more likely and so on, sometimes in the absence of stressors.

Monroe and Harkness (2005) suggested a number of mechanism that might underly this observation.

Therapeutic implicationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Relapse prevention

References & BibliographyEdit

Key textsEdit



Kendler, K.S., Thornton.L.M. & Gardner,C.O.(2000). Stressful life events and previous episodes in the etiology of major depression in women:An evaluation of the 'kindling' hypothesis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157,1243-1251. Monroe, S M & Harkness. K L (2005). Life stress, the'kindling hypothesis', and the recurrence of depression; Considerations from a life stress perspective. Psychological Review, 112,417-445.

Additional materialEdit



External linksEdit