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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
- Main article: Clinical depression
Risk factors increase the likelihood of getting depression, but does not mean you will get it. Conversely,the absence of any risk factors or having a protective factor does not necessarily guard against getting depression. These factors do not seem to be neccessarily a direct cause of the disease, but seem to be associated in some way
Factors that have been implicated are
Recent life event - Job loss, financial difficulties, long periods of unemployment, the loss of a spouse or other family member, divorce or the end of a committed relationship, or other traumatic events may trigger depression. Long-term stress at home, work, or school can also be involved.
- Main article: Depression - Life events
- Family history of mood disorders
- Family history of depression
- Family history of bipolar disorder
- Main article: Depression - Genetic factors
- Being female
- Main article: Depression in women
- Main article: Depression in men
Marital situation- Women who are unhappily married, divorced, or separated, have higher rates of clinical depression. The rates are lower for those who are happily married
Age- Initial onset of clinical depression usually occurs between the ages of 20 and 50, however people over the age of 65 may be especially vulnerable.
- Main article: Depression in older adults
- Heart disease
- Main article: Depression and physical illness
- Low self-esteem
- Excess weight
- Alcohol misuse
- Tobacco use
- Quitting smoking
References & BibliographyEdit
- Lewinsohn PM, Hoberman HH, Rosenbaum M. A prospective study of risk factors for unipolar depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1988; 97(3): 251 64.