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Deconstruction therapy was developed by the British underground philosopher Michael Swann.
He envisioned a process by which the individual adopts new personalities, seemingly at random, constructing new histories to fit them and lives a new life. In several of his works he refers to the process as "meta-paradigm engineering".
The theory behind deconstruction theory/meta-paradigm engineering is that, over the course of a number of these paradigm shifts, the patient (or "explorer" as Swann would have it) becomes aware of certain aspects of their personality which remain constant throughout the process and can choose to deal with those they feel to be negative.
Being a very radical therapy, Swann's approach has garnered much criticism from the psychiatric orthodoxy although he claims to have had astonishing results, primarily in the field of sexual abuse therapy.