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Suicide
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See a list of crisis hotlines by country.

Suicidemessageggb01252006

As a suicide prevention initiative, this sign on the Golden Gate Bridge promotes a special telephone that connects to a crisis hotline.

A crisis hotline is a phone number people can call to get immediate over-the-phone emergency counseling, usually by trained volunteers. Such hotlines have existed in most major cities of the United States at least since the mid-1970s. Initially set up to help those contemplating suicide, many have expanded their mandate to deal more generally with emotional crises. They have also spawned similar hotlines to help counsel people in other circumstances, including rape victims, runaway children, homosexuals facing difficulties, and suchlike.

Such services began in 1953, when Chad Varah, an English vicar, founded The Samaritans service, which soon established branches throughout the United Kingdom.

In the United States, San Francisco Suicide Prevention[1] started a hotline "Call Bruce" in 1962. A similar service, Lifeline, was established in Australia in 1963.

One criticism of suicide hotlines is that those who are determined to kill themselves are unlikely to call one. Also, those with social anxiety may not have the emotional resources to do so. There is no evidence that the presence of suicide hotlines reduces the incidence of suicide. [2]


See alsoEdit

Directories of Crisis HotlinesEdit

General servicesEdit

{
Main article: List of crisis hotlines by country.

Services for children and adolescentsEdit

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