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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
Biological: Behavioural genetics · Evolutionary psychology · Neuroanatomy · Neurochemistry · Neuroendocrinology · Neuroscience · Psychoneuroimmunology · Physiological Psychology · Psychopharmacology (Index, Outline)
|Cranial neural crest|
|Latin||crista neuralis cranialis|
The cranial neural crest arises in the anterior and populates the face and the pharyngeal arches giving rise to bones, cartilage, nerves and connective tissue. The endocranium and facial bones of the skull are ultimately derived from crest cells.
- Other Migration Locations:
- Into the pharyngeal arches and play an inductive role in thymus development.
- Into the pharyngeal arches and form the parafollicular cell or ultimobranchial bodies of the thyroid gland.
- Into the pharyngeal arches and play an inductive role in parathyroid gland development.
- Facial ectomesenchyme of the pharyngeal arches forming skeletal muscle, bone, and cartilage in the face.
- Odontoblasts (dentin-producing cells) of the teeth.
- Into the optic vesicle and the developing eye and contributes to many anterior eye elements such the cornea, sclera, and ciliary muscle. It also contributes to the attaching skeletal muscles of the eye.
- Into the otic placode and participates in the inner ear development.
- Sensory ganglia of the fifth, seventh, ninth and tenth cranial nerves.
- Schwann cells
- ↑ The Neural Crest. URL accessed on 2009-05-31.
- ↑ Grenier J, Teillet MA, Grifone R, Kelly RG, Duprez D (2009). Relationship between Neural Crest Cells and Cranial Mesoderm during Head Muscle Development. PLoS ONE 4 (2): e4381.
- ↑ Jiang HB, Tian WD, Liu LK, Xu Y (June 2008). In vitro odontoblast-like cell differentiation of cranial neural crest cells induced by fibroblast growth factor 8 and dentin non-collagen proteins. Cell Biol. Int. 32 (6): 671–8.
- ↑ Nie X, Zhang YJ, Tian WD, et al. (January 2007). Improvement of peripheral nerve regeneration by a tissue-engineered nerve filled with ectomesenchymal stem cells. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 36 (1): 32–8.
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