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Biological: Behavioural genetics · Evolutionary psychology · Neuroanatomy · Neurochemistry · Neuroendocrinology · Neuroscience · Psychoneuroimmunology · Physiological Psychology · Psychopharmacology (Index, Outline)
Cranial Electrobiological Stimulation (CES) What does CES do? CES is used to treat physical and psychological conditions without the side-effects of drug treatment.
Using low-level currents, CES is applied to the head through electrodes clipped onto the patient's earlobes and sends a unique waveform through the ear clips. The proprietary waveform moves electrons through the brain at different frequencies, collectively known as harmonic resonance. This treatment normalises the electrical activity in the brain, as measured by an electroencephalogram (EEG).
What is an EEG?
An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test to detect abnormalities in the electrical activity of the brain. Brain cells communicate by producing tiny electrical impulses. In an EEG, electrodes are placed on the scalp over multiple areas of the brain to detect and record patterns of electrical activity and check for abnormalities. The recording machine converts the electrical signals into a series of wavy lines that are drawn onto a moving piece of graph paper. By using CES, the brain waves are smoothed to a normal pattern.
Cranial Electro Stimulation (CES) is in the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) recognized category for medical devices using microcurrent levels of electrical stimulation applied across the head via transcutaneous electrodes for the treatment of depression, anxiety and insomnia and post-traumatic stress disorders. Thousands of physicians make use of this drug-free treatment for their patients.
In 2005, the U.S. government signed a five-year contract with a US Cranial Electro Stimulation supplier to utilize some of their cranial electro stimulation products on war veterans to address the issues of post-traumatic stress disorder and combat stress disorder.
At present, there are over 125 research studies on Cranial Electro Stimulation in humans and 29 experimental animal studies. The overwhelming majority of the scientific research is extremely positive. No significant lasting side-effects have been reported.
Is CES safe?
CES is a recognised category (listed by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for medical devices using microcurrent levels of electrical stimulation.