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In anatomy and zoology the cortex (Latin: "bark", "rind", "shell" or "husk") is the outermost (or "superficial") layer of an organ. Organs with well-defined cortical layers include kidneys, adrenal glands, ovaries, the thymus, and portions of the brain, including the cerebral cortex, the most well-know of all cortices.
The cerebral cortex is the thin gray surface layer of the cerebellum, consisting of an outer molecular layer or stratum moleculare, a single layer of Purkinje cells (the ganglionic layer), and an inner granular layer or stratum granulosum.
It usually refers to the Cerebral cortex
Byut may also refer to, depending on context:
- Auditory cortex
- Cingulate cortex
- Entorhinal cortex
- Frontal cortex
- Motor cortex
- Piriform cortex
- Prefrontal cortex
- Sensory cortex
- Visual cortex