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Contractualism is a term which refers to a political position.
- Main article: Social Contract
Moral theories based on social contract theory, are also known as contractarianism, which argue that what people ought to do is determined by contracts or agreements reached between those people.
T. M. Scanlon is a proponent of the standpoint as developed in the 1998 publication What We Owe to Each Other. Earlier on J. Rawls wrote on the idea in the work A Theory of Justice published 1971.
According to some, the creation of welfare contractualism, represented coincidentally the choice away from the social citizenship credited to T.H. Marshall as proposed in the work Citizenship and Social class published 1950. The idea in any case is inherently to have propose the issuing of money to citizens only on the condition of the individual having fulfilled criteria such as the pre-agreed effort to find or maintain employment of energies as work focused. 
- ↑ M Matravers. Scanlon and Contractualism, Psychology Press, 5 Mar 2004. URL accessed 2012-06-06.
- ↑ J Rawls. A Theory of Justice, Harvard University Press, 1971. URL accessed 2012-06-06.
- ↑ B.J.Pol.S.507-532 30. Cambridge University Press 2000. URL accessed on 2012-06-06.
- ↑ Thomas Humphrey Marshall - Citizenship and social class: and other essays University Press, 1950
- Ashford, Elizabeth and Mulgan, Tim. 2007. 'Contractualism'. In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (accessed October 2007).
- Cudd, Ann. 2007. 'Contractarianism'. In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (Summer 2007 Edition).
- Matravers, M. 2003. Scanlon and contractualism. Portland, Oregon: Frank Cass.
- Reibetanz, S. 1988. 'Contractualism and Aggregation'. Ethics, 108 (2): 296-311.
- Scanlon, T. M. 1998. What We Owe to Each Other. Cambridge, Mass.
- Wallace, R. Jay. 2002. 'Scanlon's Contractualism'. Ethics, 112 (3): 429-470.
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