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Complex partial status epilepticus

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Complex partial status epilepticus
ICD-10 G412
OMIM [1]
DiseasesDB [2]
MedlinePlus [3]
eMedicine neuro/114
MeSH {{{MeshNumber}}}

Complex partial status epilepticus (CPSE) is one of the non-convulsive forms of status epilepticus, a rare form of epilepsy defined by its recurrent nature. CPSE is characterized by seizures involving long-lasting stupor, staring and unresponsiveness.[1] Sometimes this is accompanied by motor automatisms, such as eye twitching.[2]

Diagnosis Edit

As is the case with other non-convulsive status epilepticus forms, CPSE is dangerously underdiagnosed.[3] This is due to the potentially fatal yet veiled nature of the symptoms. Usually, an electroencephalogram, or EEG, is needed to confirm a neurologist's suspicions. The EEG is also needed to differentiate between absence status epilepticus (which affects the entire brain), and CPSE, which only affects one region.[4]

Treatment Edit

Treatment is in the form of anti-epileptic drugs, such as barbiturates, benzodiazepines and topiramate.

References Edit

  1. eMedicine neuro/114
  2. Fernández-Torre JL, Gutiérrez-Pérez R, Velasco-Zarzosa M (2003). Non-convulsive status epilepticus. Revista de neurologia 37 (8): 744–52.
  3. Murthy JM (1 October 2003). Nonconvulsive status epilepticus: An under diagnosed and potentially treatable condition. Neurology India 51 (4): 453–4.
  4. Husain AM, Horn GJ, Jacobson MP (2003). Non-convulsive status epilepticus: usefulness of clinical features in selecting patients for urgent EEG. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. 74 (2): 189–91.

External links Edit


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