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It should be noted that, in general, the conclusion after decades of research is that there is still no convincing evidence that any established psychotherapy is more effective than any other (Bergin and Garfield (2004)

Once the efficacy of a particular approach has been established compared to placebo and non treatment conditions it is reasonable to ask how it compares to other approaches.

Combinations of approaches tested by conditionEdit


As the results of individual comparison studies accumulate it then becomes possible to do meta-analyses of groups of studies looking at efficacy and effect size etc.

See alsoEdit

References & BibliographyEdit

Key textsEdit


  • Wampold, B.E. (2001). The great psychotherapy debate: Models, methods, and findings.Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.


  • Bergin, A.E. and Garfield, S.L. (2004). Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change (fifth edition). Wiley, New York.
  • Gabbard G.(2000) Psychotherapy of personality disorders. J Psychother Pract Res ; 9: 1-6.
  • Leichenring F. (2001). Comparative effects of short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy in depression: A meta- analytic approach. Clin Psychol Rev ; 21: 401-419.
  • Leichenring & Leibing.(2003) The effectiveness of psychodynamic therapy and cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of personality disorders: A meta-analysis. Am Psychiatry,160: 1223-1232
  • Leichenring F, Rabung S, Leibing E. The efficacy of short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy in specific psychiatric disorders: A meta- analysis. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2004; 61: 1208-1216.
  • Wampold BE, Minami T, Baskin TW, Tierney SC. A meta-(re)analysis of the effects of cognitive therapy versus “other therapies” for depression. J Affect. Disord. 2002; 68: 159-165.

Stiles, W. B., Barkham, M., Twigg, E., Mellor-Clark, J., & Cooper, M. (2006). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural, person-centred and psychodynamic therapies as practised in UK National Health Service settings [Electronic Version]. Psychological Medicine 36, 555-566. Abstract

Additional materialEdit



External linksEdit

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