Fandom

Psychology Wiki

Cold effects

Redirected from Cold

34,203pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Biological: Behavioural genetics · Evolutionary psychology · Neuroanatomy · Neurochemistry · Neuroendocrinology · Neuroscience · Psychoneuroimmunology · Physiological Psychology · Psychopharmacology (Index, Outline)


Cold effects are a collection of temperature effects that occur at the cold end of the temperature gradient.


Cold effect in humansEdit

  • 37°C (98.6°F) - Normal body temperature (which varies between about 36-37.5°C (96.8-99.5°F)
  • 36°C (96.8°F) - Mild to moderate shivering (it drops this low during sleep). May be a normal body temperature.
  • 35°C (95.0°F) - (Hypothermia) is less than 35°C (95.0°F) - Intense shivering, numbness and bluish/grayness of the skin. There is the possibility of heart irritability.
  • 34°C (93.2°F) - Severe shivering, loss of movement of fingers, blueness and confusion. Some behavioural changes may take place.
  • 33°C (91.4°F) - Moderate to severe confusion, sleepiness, depressed reflexes, progressive loss of shivering, slow heart beat, shallow breathing. Shivering may stop. Subject may be unresponsive to certain stimuli.
  • 32°C (89.6°F) - (Medical emergency) Hallucinations, delirium, complete confusion, extreme sleepiness that is progressively becoming comatose. Shivering is absent (subject may even think they are hot). Reflex may be absent or very slight.
  • 31°C (87.8°F) - Comatose, very rarely conscious. No or slight reflexes. Very shallow breathing and slow heart rate. Possibility of serious heart rhythm problems.
  • 28°C (82.4°F) - Severe heart rhythm disturbances are likely and breathing may stop at any time. Patient may appear to be dead.
  • 24-26°C (75.2-78.8°F) or less - Death usually occurs due to irregular heart beat or respiratory arrest; however, some patients have been known to survive with body temperatures as low as 14.2°C (57.5°F).[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Abramson, C. I., Aquino, I. S., Azeredo, G. A., & Price, J. M. (1997). Some preliminary studies on the ability of Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) to tolerate cold temperatures when placed inside a refrigerator: Psychological Reports Vol 81(3, Pt 1) Dec 1997, 707-718.
  • Adels, L. E., Leon, M., Wiener, S. G., & Smith, M. S. (1986). Endocrine response to acute cold exposure by lactating and non-lactating Norway rats: Physiology & Behavior Vol 36(1) Jan 1986, 179-181.
  • Ahlers, S. T., Shurtleff, D., Schrot, J., Thomas, J. R., & et al. (1993). Glucose attenuates cold-induced impairment of delayed matching-to-sample performance in rats: Psychobiology Vol 21(2) Jun 1993, 87-92.
  • Ahlers, S. T., Thomas, J. R., & Berkey, D. L. (1991). Hippocampal and body temperature changes in rats during delayed matching-to-sample performance in a cold environment: Physiology & Behavior Vol 50(5) Nov 1991, 1013-1018.
  • Ahsen, A. (1999). Hot and cold mental imagery: Mind over body encounters: Journal of Mental Imagery Vol 23(3-4) Fal-Win 1999, 1-262.
  • al'Absi, M., Buchanan, T. W., Marrero, A., & Lovallo, W. R. (1999). Sex differences in pain perception and cardiovascular responses in persons with parental history for hypertension: Pain Vol 83(2) Nov 1999, 331-338.
  • Algeri, S., & et al. (1982). Changes with age in rat central monoaminergic system responses to cold stress: Neurobiology of Aging Vol 3(3) Fal 1982, 237-242.
  • Allen, M. T., Boquet, A. J., & Shelley, K. S. (1991). Cluster analyses of cardiovascular responsivity to three laboratory stressors: Psychosomatic Medicine Vol 53(3) May-Jun 1991, 272-288.
  • Allen, M. T., Obrist, P. A., Sherwood, A., & Crowell, M. D. (1987). Evaluation of myocardial and peripheral vascular responses during reaction time, mental arithmetic, and cold pressor tasks: Psychophysiology Vol 24(6) Nov 1987, 648-656.
  • Allen, M. T., Shelley, K. S., & Boquet, A. J. (1992). A comparison of cardiovascular and autonomic adjustments to three types of cold stimulation tasks: International Journal of Psychophysiology Vol 13(1) Jul 1992, 59-69.
  • Allen, M. T., Sherwood, A., & Obrist, P. A. (1986). Interactions of respiratory and cardiovascular adjustments to behavioral stressors: Psychophysiology Vol 23(5) Sep 1986, 532-541.
  • Allen, M. T., Sherwood, A., Obrist, P. A., Crowell, M. D., & et al. (1987). Stability of cardiovascular reactivity to laboratory stressors: A 21/2 yr follow-up: Journal of Psychosomatic Research Vol 31(5) 1987, 639-645.
  • Allen, R. J., & Luxenberg, D. L. (1990). Racial differences in cardiac and vasomotor responses to cold stress: Pilot investigation. New York, NY: AMS Press.
  • Anderson, C. A., Anderson, K. B., & Deuser, W. E. (1996). Examining an affective aggression framework: Weapon and temperature effects on aggressive thoughts, affect, and attitudes: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin Vol 22(4) Apr 1996, 366-376.
  • Anderson, D. G., Jamieson, J. L., & Man, S. C. (1974). Analgesic effects of acupuncture on the pain of ice water: A double-blind study: Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Vol 28(2) Jun 1974, 239-244.
  • Angus, R. G., Pearce, D. G., Buguet, A. G., & Olsen, L. (1979). Vigilance performance of men sleeping under arctic conditions: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 50 Jul 1979, 692-696.
  • Arnold, G. W. (1976). A note on changes in ingestive behaviour of sheep following shearing: Applied Animal Ethology Vol 2(2) Apr 1976, 175-179.
  • Aubert, A., Goodall, G., & Dantzer, R. (1995). Compared effects of cold ambient temperature and cytokines on macronutrient intake in rats: Physiology & Behavior Vol 57(5) May 1995, 869-873.
  • Auman, J. R., Sheffield, K. L., & Prange, A. J. (1976). Monoiodotyrosine: Effects on tissue amines and cold survival: Neuropsychobiology Vol 2(5-6) 1976, 277-282.
  • Babb, R. S. (1976). Functional interconnections of cat visual cortical areas (V1 and V2) as examined by cortical hypothermia: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Baddeley, A. D., & et al. (1975). Cognitive efficiency of divers working in cold water: Human Factors Vol 17(5) Oct 1975, 446-454.
  • Bailey, B. E. (1974). The effects of early cold stress on emotionality in mice: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Bakkevig, M. K., & Nielsen, R. (1994). Impact of wet underwear on thermoregulatory responses and thermal comfort in the cold: Ergonomics Vol 37(8) Aug 1994, 1375-1389.
  • Ball, J. D., Budrionis, M. M., & Trott, K. L. (1987). Neuropsychological effects of cold water near-drowning in an identical twin: International Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology Vol 9(2) 1987, 71-73.
  • Banderet, L. E., & Lieberman, H. R. (1989). Treatment with tyrosine, a neurotransmitter precursor, reduces environmental stress in humans: Brain Research Bulletin Vol 22(4) Apr 1989, 759-762.
  • Barnett, S. A., & Foster, K. A. (1981). Cold-adaptation and the parent-young interactions of wild house mice, Mus musculus: Physiology & Behavior Vol 26(5) May 1981, 839-843.
  • Barney, C. C., Spiers, D. E., & Fregly, M. J. (1981). Dipsogenesis in cold-acclimated rats: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 52(3) Mar 1981, 171-176.
  • Barwood, M. J., Dalzell, J., Datta, A. K., Thelwell, R. C., & Tipton, M. J. (2006). Breath-Hold Performance during Cold Water Immersion: Effects of Psychological Skills Training: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 77(11) Nov 2006, 1136-1142.
  • Bauer, M. S., Caroff, S., Winokur, A., & Koenig, R. (1987). Neuroendocrine responses to cold stress in normal subjects and depressives: Psychoneuroendocrinology Vol 12(6) 1987, 483-490.
  • Bauer, R. H., & Fuster, J. M. (1978). The effect of ambient illumination on delayed-matching and delayed-response deficits from cooling dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: Behavioral & Neural Biology Vol 22(1) Jan 1978, 60-66.
  • Bauer, R. H., & Fuster, J. M. (1978). Effects of d-amphetamine and prefrontal cortical cooling on delayed matching-to-sample behavior: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 8(3) Mar 1978, 243-249.
  • Bawa, P., Mekjavic, I. B., & Calancie, B. (1983). Effect of core cooling on short and long latency reflex responses: Brain Research Vol 264(2) Apr 1983, 320-322.
  • Beard, H. B. (1979). Hormonal influence on the social behavior of the vole, Microtus ochrogaster: Effects of photoperiod, temperature, gonadectomy, preputialectomy and oral angle gland removal: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Beaubaton, D., Amato, G., Trouche, E., & Legallet, E. (1980). Effects of putamen cooling on the latency, speed and accuracy of a pointing movement in the baboon: Brain Research Vol 196(2) Sep 1980, 572-576.
  • Beaver, J. M., & Olson, B. E. (1997). Winter range use by cattle of different ages in southwestern Montana: Applied Animal Behaviour Science Vol 51(1-2) Jan 1997, 1-13.
  • Beise, R. D., Carstens, E., & Kohlloffel, L. U. E. (1998). Psychophysical study of stinging pain evoked by brief freezing of superficial skin and ensuing short-lasting changes in sensations of cool and cold pain: Pain Vol 74(2-3) Feb 1998, 275-286.
  • Belenkov, N. Y., & Fedotova, L. A. (1972). The influence of cold extinction of the neocortical temporal areas on cat brain electrical activity: Fiziologicheskii Zhurnal SSSR im I M Sechenova Vol 58(2) Feb 1972, 158-165.
  • Belkic, K. (1986). Light stress and the cardiovascular system: The glare pressor test: Ergonomics Vol 29(4) Apr 1986, 563-568.
  • Bell, P. A., & Baron, R. A. (1977). Aggression and ambient temperature: The facilitating and inhibiting effects of hot and cold environments: Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society Vol 9(6) Jun 1977, 443-445.
  • Bell, R. W., Nitschke, W., Bell, N. J., & Zachman, T. A. (1974). Early experience, ultrasonic vocalizations, and maternal responsiveness in rats: Developmental Psychobiology Vol 7(3) May 1974, 235-242.
  • Bellush, L. L., & Henley, W. N. (1990). Altered responses to environmental stress in streptozotocin-diabetic rats: Physiology & Behavior Vol 47(2) Feb 1990, 231-238.
  • Benderlioglu, Z., Dow, E., & Pyter, L. M. (2007). Neonatal exposure to short days and low temperatures blunts stress response and yields low fluctuating asymmetry in Siberian hamsters: Physiology & Behavior Vol 90(2-3) Feb 2007, 459-465.
  • Ben-Nathan, D., Lustig, S., & Feuerstein, G. (1991). The effect of cold or isolation stress on neuroinvasiveness and neurovirulence of an avirulent variant of West Nile virus (WN-25). New York, NY, England: Plenum Medical Book Co/Plenum Press.
  • Bensel, C. K., & Lockhart, J. M. (1974). Cold-induced vasodilatation onset and manual performance in the cold: Ergonomics Vol 17(6) Nov 1974, 717-730.
  • Berkowitz, L., & Embree, M. C. (1987). The effect of escape possibility on aversively stimulated aggression: Journal of Research in Personality Vol 21(3) Sep 1987, 405-416.
  • Berkowitz, L., & Thome, P. R. (1987). Pain expectation, negative affect, and angry aggression: Motivation and Emotion Vol 11(2) Jun 1987, 183-193.
  • Bertin, R., Guastavino, J. M., & Portet, R. (1990). Effects of cold acclimation on the energetic metabolism of the Staggerer Mutant mouse: Physiology & Behavior Vol 47(2) Feb 1990, 377-380.
  • Bhargava, R., Mukerji, S., & Sachdeva, U. (2000). Psychological impact of the Antarctic winter on Indian expeditioners: Environment and Behavior Vol 32(1) Jan 2000, 111-127.
  • Biersner, R. J. (1976). Motor and cognitive effects of cold water immersion under hyperbaric conditions: Human Factors Vol 18(3) Jun 1976, 299-304.
  • Bini, G., & et al. (1984). Analgesic effect of vibration and cooling on pain induced by intraneural electrical stimulation: Pain Vol 18(3) Mar 1984, 239-248.
  • Birnbaum, M. J. (1976). The effect of coverant control training upon the cold pressor task: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Bissette, G., & et al. (1976). Hypothermia and intolerance to cold induced by intracisternal administration of the hypothalamic peptide neurotensin: Nature Vol 262(5569) Aug 1976, 607-609.
  • Blackburn, R. (1979). Cortical and autonomic arousal in primary and secondary psychopaths: Psychophysiology Vol 16(2) Mar 1979, 143-150.
  • Blake, B. H. (1992). Ultrasonic vocalization and body temperature maintenance in infant voles of three species (Rodentia: Arvicolidae): Developmental Psychobiology Vol 25(8) Dec 1992, 581-596.
  • Bligh, M. E. (1993). The effects of chronic cold stress on adrenal hormones and macronutrient choice: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Blumberg, M. S., & Alberts, J. R. (1991). Both hypoxia and milk deprivation diminish metabolic heat production and ultrasound emission by rat pups during cold exposure: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 105(6) Dec 1991, 1030-1037.
  • Blumberg, M. S., Sokoloff, G., & Kent, K. J. (1999). Cardiovascular concomitants in ultrasound production during cold exposure in infant rats: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 113(6) Dec 1999, 1274-1282.
  • Blumberg, M. S., & Stolba, M. A. (1996). Thermogenesis, myoclonic twitching, and ultrasonic vocalization in neonatal rats during moderate and extreme cold exposure: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 110(2) Apr 1996, 305-314.
  • Bodnar, R. J., & et al. (1978). Dose-dependent reductions by naloxone of analgesia induced by cold-water stress: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 8(6) Jun 1978, 667-672.
  • Bodnar, R. J., & et al. (1979). Analgesia induced by cold-water stress: Attenuation following hypophysectomy: Physiology & Behavior Vol 23(1) Jul 1979, 53-62.
  • Bodnar, R. J., Kelly, D. D., & Glusman, M. (1978). Stress-induced analgesia: Time course of pain reflex alterations following cold water swims: Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society Vol 11(6) Jun 1978, 333-336.
  • Bodnar, R. J., Kelly, D. D., Spiaggia, A., & Glusman, M. (1978). Stress-induced analgesia: Adaptation following chronic cold water swims: Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society Vol 11(6) Jun 1978, 337-340.
  • Bodnar, R. J., Kelly, D. D., Steiner, S. S., & Glusman, M. (1978). Stress-produced analgesia and morphine-produced analgesia: Lack of cross-tolerance: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 8(6) Jun 1978, 661-666.
  • Bodnar, R. J., Kelly, D. D., Thomas, L. W., & Glusman, M. (1980). Two % saline treatment: Failure to alter opiate and cold-water stress analgesia: Physiology & Behavior Vol 24(4) Apr 1980, 805-806.
  • Bodnar, R. J., & Komisaruk, B. R. (1984). Reduction in cervical probing analgesia by repeated prior exposure to cold-water swims: Physiology & Behavior Vol 32(4) Apr 1984, 653-655.
  • Bodnar, R. J., Mann, P. E., & Stone, E. A. (1985). Potentiation of cold-water swim analgesia by acute, but not chronic desipramine administration: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 23(5) Nov 1985, 749-752.
  • Bodnar, R. J., Merrigan, K. P., & Sperber, E. S. (1983). Potentiation of cold-water swim analgesia and hypothermia by clonidine: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 19(3) Sep 1983, 447-451.
  • Bodnar, R. J., & Sperber, E. S. (1982). Cold-water swim analgesia following pharmacological manipulation of GABA: Behavioral & Neural Biology Vol 36(3) Nov 1982, 311-314.
  • Boe, K. E., Andersen, I. L., Buisson, L., Simensen, E., & Jeksrud, W. K. (2007). Flooring preferences in dairy goats at moderate and low ambient temperature: Applied Animal Behaviour Science Vol 108(1-2) Dec 2007, 45-57.
  • Bolanowski, S. J., Maxfield, L. M., Gescheider, G. A., & Apkarian, A. V. (2000). The effect of stimulus location on the gating of touch by heat- and cold-induced pain: Somatosensory & Motor Research Vol 17(2) 2000, 195-204.
  • Booth, C. S. (1973). Thermal and mechanical response properties of two populations of units in the saphenous nerve of the cat: Dissertation Abstracts International Vol.
  • Bove, M., Mansson, I., & Eliasson, I. (1998). Thermal oral-pharyngeal stimulation and elicitation of swallowing: Acta Oto-Laryngologica Vol 118(5) 1998, 728-731.
  • Bovenzi, M. (1993). Digital arterial responsiveness to cold in healthy men, vibration white finger and primary Raynaud's phenomenon: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health Vol 19(4) Aug 1993, 271-276.
  • Boyd, S. C., Caul, W. F., & Bowen, B. K. (1977). Use of cold-restraint to examine psychological factors in gastric ulceration: Physiology & Behavior Vol 18(5) May 1977, 865-870.
  • Brady, K. (1980). An investigation of the biochemical and behavioral effects of stress and diet in young and old mice: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Brands, A.-M. E., & Schmidt, A. J. (1987). Learning processes in the persistence behavior of chronic low back pain patients with repeated acute pain stimulation: Pain Vol 30(3) Sep 1987, 329-337.
  • Briese, E. (1983). Heterogeneity of hypothalamic rewarding sites possibly involved in temperature regulation: Physiology & Behavior Vol 30(4) Apr 1983, 529-537.
  • Brooke, S., & Ellis, H. (1992). Cold. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  • Brooks, V. B., Adrien, J., & Dykes, R. W. (1972). Task-related discharge of neurons in motor cortex and effects of dentate cooling: Brain Research Vol 40(1) 1972, 85-88.
  • Brooks, V. B., & et al. (1973). Effects of cooling dentate nucleus on tracking-task performance in monkeys: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 36(6) Nov 1973, 974-995.
  • Brown, C. M., Sanya, E. O., & Hilz, M. J. (2003). Effect of cold face stimulation on cerebral blood flow in humans: Brain Research Bulletin Vol 61(1) Jun 2003, 81-86.
  • Brown, G. A., & Williams, G. M. (1982). The effect of head cooling on deep body temperature and thermal comfort in man: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 53(6) Jun 1982, 583-586.
  • Brown, G. E., Moore, A., & Tallman, D. (1995). Cold-induced amnesia blocks escape deficits in the cockroach (Periplaneta americana): Psychological Reports Vol 77(3, Pt 1) Dec 1995, 1051-1057.
  • Buguet, A. G., Roussel, B. H., Watson, W. J., & Radomski, M. W. (1979). Cold-induced diminution of paradoxical sleep in man: Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology Vol 46(1) Jan 1979, 29-32.
  • Bullinger, M., & et al. (1984). Endocrine effects of the cold pressor test: Relationships to subjective pain appraisal and coping: Psychiatry Research Vol 12(3) Jul 1984, 227-233.
  • Burchfield, S. R., Woods, S. C., & Elich, M. S. (1978). Effects of cold stress on tumor growth: Physiology & Behavior Vol 21(4) Oct 1978, 537-540.
  • Burchfield, S. R., Woods, S. C., & Elich, M. S. (1980). Pituitary adrenocortical response to chronic intermittent stress: Physiology & Behavior Vol 24(2) Feb 1980, 297-302.
  • Burse, R. L. (1979). Sex differences in human thermoregulatory response to heat and cold stress: Human Factors Vol 21(6) Dec 1979, 687-699.
  • Buskirk, E. R. (1966). Variation in heat production during acute exposures of men and women to cold air or water: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 134(2) 1966, 733-742.
  • Cabanac, M., Ferber, C., & Fantino, M. (1989). Effects of dexfenfluramine on the feeding behavior of rats foraging in the cold for palatable bait: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 32(4) Apr 1989, 1025-1031.
  • Cabanac, M., & Johnson, K. G. (1983). Analysis of a conflict between palatability and cold exposure in rats: Physiology & Behavior Vol 31(2) Aug 1983, 249-253.
  • Caine-Bish, N. L., Potkanowicz, E. S., Otterstetter, R., & Glickman, E. L. (2004). Thermal and Metabolic Responses of Sleep Deprivation of Humans During Acute Cold Exposure: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 75(11) Nov 2004, 964-968.
  • Campbell, B. A., & Riccio, D. C. (1966). Cold-induced stress in rats as a function of age: Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology Vol 61(2) Apr 1966, 234-239.
  • Canver, C. C. (1985). Chlorpromazine in experimental gastric ulcers induced by restraint and cold stress: New York State Journal of Medicine Vol 85(3) Mar 1985, 101-102.
  • Carlisle, H. J., Dubuc, P. U., & Stock, M. J. (1995). Effects of epinephrine on thermoregulatory behavior in lean and obese zucker rats in the cold: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 51(2-3) Jun-Jul 1995, 255-261.
  • Carlisle, H. J., & Laudenslager, M. L. (1975). Inhibition of airlicking in thirsty rats by cooling the preoptic area: Nature Vol 255(5503) May 1975, 72-73.
  • Carlisle, H. J., & Stock, M. J. (1993). Thermoregulatory effects of beta adrenoreceptors: Effects of selective agonists and the interaction of antagonists with isoproterenol and BRL-35135 in the cold: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Vol 266(3) Sep 1993, 1446-1453.
  • Carlisle, H. J., & Stock, M. J. (1995). Temperature-dependent effects of !a-adrenergic agonists and antagonists in the cold: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 51(2-3) Jun-Jul 1995, 263-270.
  • Carlisle, H. J., & Stock, M. J. (1996). Temperature-dependent effects of ephedrine in the cold: Physiology & Behavior Vol 60(4) Oct 1996, 1147-1150.
  • Carlisle, H. J., & Stock, M. J. (1997). Effects of alpha -sub-1-adrenoceptor and Ca-super(2+ ) channel inhibition on norepinephrine-induced thermoregulatory behavior in the cold: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 57(1-2) May-Jun 1997, 185-189.
  • Carlisle, H. J., Wilkinson, C. W., Laudenslager, M. L., & Keith, L. D. (1979). Diurnal variation of heat intake in ovariectomized, steroid-treated rats: Hormones and Behavior Vol 12(3) Jun 1979, 232-242.
  • Caroff, S. N., & et al. (1981). Acute metabolic response to cold exposure in unipolar and bipolar II patients: Biological Psychiatry Vol 16(10) Oct 1981, 919-929.
  • Carr, D. J., Woolley, T. W., & Blalock, J. E. (1992). Phentolamine but not propranolol blocks the immunopotentiating effect of cold stress on antigen-specific IgM production in mice orally immunized with sheep red blood cells: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity Vol 6(1) Mar 1992, 50-63.
  • Casey, K. L., Svensson, P., Morrow, T. J., Raz, J., Jone, C., & Minoshima, S. (2000). Selective opiate modulation of nociceptive processing in the human brain: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 84(1) Jul 2000, 525-533.
  • Cerf, J. A., & Koketsu, K. (1966). Interaction of cold and calcium lack on the electrical response of a neurone soma: Life Sciences 5(3) 1966, 1179-1186.
  • Cerri, M., Ocampo-Garces, A., Amici, R., Baracchi, F., Capitani, P., Jones, C. A., et al. (2005). Cold exposure and sleep in the rat: Effects on sleep architecture and the electroencephalogram: Sleep: Journal of Sleep and Sleep Disorders Research Vol 28(6) Oct 2005, 694-705.
  • Chalupa, L. M., Anchel, H., & Lindsley, D. B. (1973). Effects of cryogenic blocking of pulvinar upon visually evoked reponses in the cortex of the cat: Experimental Neurology Vol 39(1) Apr 1973, 112-122.
  • Chang, P. F., Arendt-Nielsen, L., & C. N.Chen, A. (2005). Comparative cerebral responses to non-painful warm vs. cold stimuli in man: EEG power spectra and coherence: International Journal of Psychophysiology Vol 55(1) Jan 2005, 73-83.
  • Chang, P. F., Arendt-Nielsen, L., & Chen, A. C. N. (2002). Dynamic changes and spatial correlation of EEG activities during cold pressor test in man: Brain Research Bulletin Vol 57(5) Mar 2002, 667-675.
  • Chaouloff, F. (1994). Effects of repeated 2-deoxy-D-glucose administration on ingestive, psychological, and 5-HT-related behaviours in the rat: Neuropharmacology Vol 33(5) May 1994, 693-703.
  • Chaplin, S. B. (1982). The energetic significance of huddling behavior in Common Bushtits (Psaltriparus minimus): Auk Vol 99(3) Jul 1982, 424-430.
  • Chauvin, R. (1988). "Built upon water" psychokinesis and water cooling: An exploratory study: Journal of the Society for Psychical Research Vol 55(810) Jan 1988, 10-15.
  • Cheatham, C. C., Caine-Bish, N., Blegen, M., Potkanowicz, E. S., & Glickman, E. L. (2004). Nicotine Effects on Thermoregulatory Responses of Men and Women During Acute Cold Exposure: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 75(7, Section 1) Jul 2004, 589-595.
  • Chen, A. C., Dworkin, S. F., Haug, J., & Gehrig, J. (1989). Human pain responsivity in a tonic pain model: Psychological determinants: Pain Vol 37(2) May 1989, 143-160.
  • Chen, A. C. N., & Rappelsberger, P. (1994). Brain and human pain: Topographic EEG amplitude and coherence mapping: Brain Topography Vol 7(2) Win 1994, 129-140.
  • Chen, W.-F., Majercak, J., & Edery, I. (2006). Clock-Gated Photic Stimulation of Timeless Expression at Cold Temperatures and Seasonal Adaptation in Drosophila: Journal of Biological Rhythms Vol 21(4) Aug 2006, 256-271.
  • Chery-Croze, S. (1983). Painful sensation induced by a thermal cutaneous stimulus: Pain Vol 17(2) Oct 1983, 109-137.
  • Chery-Croze, S. (1983). Relationship beween noxious cold stimuli and the magnitude of pain sensation in man: Pain Vol 15(3) Mar 1983, 265-269.
  • Cheung, S. S., Westwood, D. A., & Knoz, M. K. (2007). Mild body cooling impairs attention via distraction from skin cooling: Ergonomics Vol 50(2) Feb 2007, 275-288.
  • Chi, D. S., Neumann, J. K., Mota-Marquez, M., & Dubberley, F. A. (1993). Effects of acute stress on lymphocyte B-sub-2-adrenoceptors in white males: Journal of Psychosomatic Research Vol 37(7) Oct 1993, 763-770.
  • Chiueh, C. C., & McCarty, R. (1981). Sympatho-adrenal hyperreactivity to footshock stress but not to cold exposure in spontaneously hypertensive rats: Physiology & Behavior Vol 26(1) Jan 1981, 85-89.
  • Chong, T. W. H., & Castle, D. J. (2004). Layer upon layer: Thermoregulation in schizophrenia: Schizophrenia Research Vol 69(2-3) Aug 2004, 149-157.
  • Christenfeld, N. (1997). Memory for pain and the delayed effects of distraction: Health Psychology Vol 16(4) Jul 1997, 327-330.
  • Chuang, J. I., & Lin, M. T. (1994). Responses to cold, heat, and pain increase locomotion in rats and are attenuated by pinealectomy: Physiology & Behavior Vol 55(3) Mar 1994, 583-586.
  • Claessens-van Ooijen, A. M. J., Westerterp, K. R., Wouters, L., Schoffelen, P. F. M., van Steenhoven, A. A., & van Marken Lichtenbelt, W. D. (2006). Heat Production and Body Temperature During Cooling and Rewarming in Overweight and Lean Men: Obesity Vol 14(11) Nov 2006, 1914-1920.
  • Clark, R. E., & Jones, C. E. (1962). Manual performance during cold exposure as a function of practice level and the thermal conditions of training: Journal of Applied Psychology Vol 46(4) Aug 1962, 276-280.
  • Clark, W. G., Pang, I.-h., & Bernardini, G. L. (1983). Evidence against involvement of !b-endorphin in thermoregulation in the cat: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 18(5) May 1983, 741-745.
  • Clemo, H. R., & Stein, B. E. (1986). Effects of cooling somatosensory cortex on response properties of tactile cells in the superior colliculus: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 55(6) Jun 1986, 1352-1368.
  • Cohen, I. E. (1975). Stress and wound healing: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Colvin, M. A. (1973). Analysis of acoustic structure and function in ultrasounds of neonatal Microtus: Behaviour Vol 44(3-4) 1973, 234-263.
  • Comstock, A.-C. B. (2000). Macroergonomics for women in cold work environments: An instrument for self-assessment and learning. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Conover, R. J., Herman, A. W., Prinsenberg, S. J., & Harris, L. R. (1986). Distribution of and feeding by the copepod Pseudocalanus under fast ice during the arctic spring: Science Vol 232(4755) Jun 1986, 1245-1247.
  • Corbit, J. D., & Ernits, T. (1974). Specific preference for hypothalamic cooling: Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology Vol 86(1) Jan 1974, 24-27.
  • Crabbe, J. C., Schneider, U., Hall, J. W., & Mazur, P. (1993). Invited commentary: Cryopreservation as a tool for the study of selectively bred lines in rodent behavioral genetics: Behavior Genetics Vol 23(4) Jul 1993, 307-312.
  • Craig, A. D., & Hunsley, S. J. (1991). Morphine enhances the activity of thermoreceptive cold-specific lamina I spinothalamic neurons in the cat: Brain Research Vol 558(1) Aug 1991, 93-97.
  • Croze, S., & Duclaux, R. (1978). Subordination of intolerance to threshold in thermal pain: Brain Research Vol 154(1) Oct 1978, 214-217.
  • Croze, S., & Duclaux, R. (1978). Thermal pain in humans: Influence of the rate of stimulation: Brain Research Vol 157(2) Nov 1978, 418-421.
  • Daanen, H. A. M., van de Vliert, E., & Huang, X. (2003). Driving performance in cold, warm, and thermoneutral environments: Applied Ergonomics Vol 34(6) Nov 2003, 597-602.
  • Dabbert, C. B., Lochmiller, R. L., & Teeter, R. G. (1997). Effects of acute thermal stress on the immune system of the Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus): Auk Vol 114(1) Jan 1997, 103-109.
  • Daiguji, M., Okada, F., & Yamashita, I. (1982). Dopamine-!b-hydroxylase activity in the locus coeruleus and hypothalamus in cold-stressed rats: Psychoneuroendocrinology Vol 7(2-3) Jun-Sep 1982, 223-227.
  • Dalton, J., & Robertson, M. (1982). Cold injury caused by psychiatric illness: Six case reports: British Journal of Psychiatry Vol 140 Jun 1982, 615-618.
  • Dannecker, E. A., George, S. Z., & Robinson, M. E. (2007). Influence and stability of pain scale anchors for an investigation of cold pressor pain tolerance: The Journal of Pain Vol 8(6) Jun 2007, 476-482.
  • Daum, M., & Dobrof, R. (1983). Seasonal vulnerability of the old and cold: The role of the senior citizen center: Journal of Gerontological Social Work Vol 5(4) Sum 1983, 81-106.
  • Davis, J. O. (1973). Analysis of cognitive components of memory during stress: Dissertation Abstracts International Vol.
  • Davis, J. R., Tagliaferro, A. R., Roberts, J. S., & Hill, J. O. (1982). Effects of early cold adaptation on food efficiency and dietary-induced thermogenesis in the adult rat: Physiology & Behavior Vol 29(1) Jul 1982, 135-140.
  • Davis, K. B., McIver, A. H., & Nielson, H. C. (1965). The effect of cold stress and habenular lesions on avoidance-learning, open-field, and exploratory behavior: Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association 1965, 21-22.
  • Davis, K. D., & Pope, G. E. (2002). Noxious cold evokes multiple sensations with distinct time courses: Pain Vol 98(1-2) Jul 2002, 179-185.
  • Davis, S. J., & Fischer, G. J. (1978). Chick colour approach preferences are altered by cold stress; colour pecking and approach preferences are the same: Animal Behaviour Vol 26(1) Feb 1978, 259-264.
  • de la Sayette, V., Schaeffer, S., Coskun, O., Leproux, F., & Defer, G. (1999). Cluster headache-like attack as an opening symptom of a unilateral infarction of the cervical cord: Persistent anaesthesia and dysaesthesia to cold stimuli: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry Vol 66(3) Mar 1999, 397-400.
  • Dejima, Y., Kim, S. W., Kashiwazaki, H., & Suzuki, T. (1991). A spontaneous increase of salt intake and changes of colonic temperature in mice exposed to cold: Appetite Vol 16(3) Jun 1991, 169-191.
  • Dembroski, T. M., MacDougall, J. M., Herd, J. A., & Shields, J. L. (1979). Effect of level of challenge on pressor and heart rate responses in Type A and B subjects: Journal of Applied Social Psychology Vol 9(3) May-Jun 1979, 209-228.
  • Di Piero, V., Ferracuti, S., Sabatini, U., Pantano, P., & et al. (1994). A cerebral blood flow study on tonic pain activation in man: Pain Vol 56(2) Feb 1994, 167-173.
  • Dib, B., Cormareche-Leydier, M., & Cabanac, M. (1982). Behavioral self warming and cooling of spinal canal by rats: Physiology & Behavior Vol 28(3) Mar 1982, 489-495.
  • Dienstbier, R. A., LaGuardia, R. L., & Wilcox, N. S. (1987). The relationship of temperament to tolerance of cold and heat: Beyond "cold hands-warm heart." Motivation and Emotion Vol 11(3) Sep 1987, 269-295.
  • Divert, G. M., Krivoshchekov, S. G., & Osipov, V. F. (1993). Changes in thermoregulation and external respiration during cold adaptation in man: Human Physiology Vol 19(2) Mar-Apr 1993, 144-148.
  • Dowman, R. (2002). Pain-evoked anterior cingulate activity generating the negative difference potential may reflect response selection processes: Psychophysiology Vol 39(3) May 2002, 369-379.
  • Dronjak, S., Gavrilovic, L., Filipovic, D., & Radojcic, M. B. (2004). Immobilization and cold stress affect sympatho-adrenomedullary system and pituitary-adrenocortical axis of rats exposed to long-term isolation and crowding: Physiology & Behavior Vol 81(3) May 2004, 409-415.
  • Dubey, G. P., Agrawal, A., Gupta, B. S., & Udupa, K. N. (1990). Neurophysiological adaptation following cold stress under the influence of Badriphal (Hippophae rhamnoides L.): Pharmacopsychoecologia Vol 3(2) 1990, 59-63.
  • Duvall, D., & Booth, A. (1978). The housing environment and women's health: Journal of Health and Social Behavior Vol 19(4) Dec 1978, 410-417.
  • Dykes, R. W., Saddiki-Traki, F., Tremblay, N., Boureau, F., & Morel-Fatio, X. (2006). Differences in the Sensations of Cold on the Anterior Torso of Control and Spinal-Cord-Transected Individuals: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 120(2) Apr 2006, 463-473.
  • Eberhardt, A., & et al. (1972). Immunological studies of individuals working in high environmental temperature: Acta Physiologica Polonica Vol 23(2) 1972, 291-297.
  • Ebner, C. A. (1996). Cold therapy and its effect on procedural pain in children: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing Vol 19(3) Jul-Sep 1996, 197-208.
  • Efran, J. S., Chorney, R. L., Ascher, L. M., & Lukens, M. D. (1989). Coping styles, paradox, and the cold pressor task: Journal of Behavioral Medicine Vol 12(1) Feb 1989, 91-103.
  • Ellis, H. D. (1982). The effects of cold on performance of serial choice reaction time and various discrete tasks: Human Factors Vol 24(5) Oct 1982, 589-598.
  • Ellis, H. D., Wilcock, S. E., & Zaman, S. A. (1985). Cold and performance: The effects of information load, analgesics and the rate of cooling: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 56(3) Mar 1985, 233-237.
  • Enander, A. (1984). Performance and sensory aspects of work in cold environments: A review: Ergonomics Vol 27(4) Apr 1984, 365-378.
  • Enander, A. (1987). Effects of moderate cold on performance of psychomotor and cognitive tasks: Ergonomics Vol 30(10) Oct 1987, 1431-1445.
  • Erber, J. (1976). Retrograde amnesia in honeybees ( Apis mellifera carnica ): Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology Vol 90(1) Jan 1976, 41-46.
  • Ermutlu, M. N., Karamursel, S., Ugur, E. H., Senturk, L., & Gokhan, N. (2005). Effects of cold stress on early and late stimulus gating: Psychiatry Research Vol 136(2-3) Sep 2005, 201-209.
  • Ernst, E., & Fialka, V. (1994). Ice freezes pain? A review of the clinical effectiveness of analgesic cold therapy: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management Vol 9(1) Jan 1994, 56-59.
  • Eroglu, L., Tekol, Y., Baykara, S., & Keyer-Uysal, M. (1982). The effects of diazepam and lithium on the serotonin metabolism in stress-exposed rats: Aggressive Behavior Vol 8(2) 1982, 195-197.
  • Estler, C. J., Ammon, H. P., & Herzog, C. (1978). Swimming capacity of mice after prolonged treatment with psychostimulants: Effect of caffeine on swimming performance and cold stress: Psychopharmacology Vol 58(2) 1978, 161-166.
  • Eviatar, L., Eviatar, A., & Naray, I. (1974). Maturation of neurovestibular responses in infants: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology Vol 16(4) Aug 1974, 435-446.
  • Fantino, M., & Cabanac, M. (1984). Effect of a cold ambient temperature on the rat's food hoarding behavior: Physiology & Behavior Vol 32(2) Feb 1984, 183-190.
  • Farrace, S., Ferrara, M., De Angelis, C., Trezza, R., Cenni, P., Peri, A., et al. (2003). Reduced sympathetic outflow and adrenal secretory activity during a 40-day stay in the Antarctic: International Journal of Psychophysiology Vol 49(1) Jul 2003, 17-27.
  • Fatranska, M., Budai, D., Oprsalova, Z., & Kvetnansky, R. (1987). Acetylcholine and its enzymes in some brain areas of the rat under stress: Brain Research Vol 424(1) Oct 1987, 109-114.
  • FitzGibbon, T., Hayward, J. S., & Walker, D. (1984). EEG and visual evoked potentials of conscious man during moderate hypothermia: Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology Vol 58(1) Jul 1984, 48-54.
  • Fluharty, S. J., Snyder, G. L., Stricker, E. M., & Zigmond, M. J. (1983). Short- and long-term changes in adrenal tyrosine hydroxylase activity during insulin-induced hypoglycemia and cold stress: Brain Research Vol 267(2) May 1983, 384-387.
  • Foo, H., & Westbrook, R. F. (1991). Naloxone-induced hypoalgesia: Effects of heat, cold and novelty: The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology B: Comparative and Physiological Psychology Vol 43B(2) May 1991, 137-156.
  • Franken, P., Tobler, I., & Borbely, A. A. (1993). Effects of 12-h sleep deprivation and of 12-h cold exposure on sleep regulation and cortical temperature in the rat: Physiology & Behavior Vol 54(5) Nov 1993, 885-894.
  • Freedman, R. R., Ianni, P., & Wenig, P. (1985). Behavioral treatment of Raynaud's disease: Long-term follow-up: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology Vol 53(1) Feb 1985, 136.
  • Fregly, M. J., Shechtman, O., Van Bergen, P., Reeber, C., & et al. (1991). Changes in blood pressure and dipsogenic responsiveness to angiotensin II during chronic exposure of rats to cold: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 38(4) Apr 1991, 837-842.
  • Friedman, H., Thompson, R. B., & Rosen, E. F. (1985). Perceived threat as a major factor in tolerance for experimentally induced cold-water pain: Journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol 94(4) Nov 1985, 624-629.
  • Friedman, M. H., Nehrbauer, N. J., & Larsen, E. A. (1999). An alternative approach to acute headache treatment: An emergency department pilot study: Headache Quarterly Vol 10(2) 1999, 131-134.
  • Fruhstorfer, H. (1984). Thermal sensibility changes during ischemic nerve block: Pain Vol 20(4) Dec 1984, 355-361.
  • Fruhstorfer, H., Harju, E.-L., & Lindblom, U. F. (2003). The significance of A-delta and C fibres for the perception of synthetic heat: European Journal of Pain Vol 7(1) Feb 2003, 63-71.
  • Fruhstorfer, H., Hermanns, M., & Latzke, L. (1986). The effects of thermal stimulation on clinical and experimental itch: Pain Vol 24(2) Feb 1986, 259-269.
  • Fruhstorfer, H., & Lindblom, U. (1983). Vascular participation in deep cold pain: Pain Vol 17(3) Nov 1983, 235-241.
  • Fukuhara, K., Kvetnansky, R., Weise, V. K., Ohara, H., Yoneda, R., & Kopin, I. J. (1992). Correlation of plasma catecholamine levels with tissue tyrosine hydroxylase activity in SART-stressed rats. Philadelphia, PA, England: Gordon & Breach Science Publishers.
  • Fuller, C. A., Sulzman, F. M., & Moore-Ede, M. C. (1978). Thermoregulation is impaired in an environment without circadian time cues: Science Vol 199(4330) Feb 1978, 794-796.
  • Funke, K., & Eysel, U. T. (1992). EEG-dependent modulation of response dynamics of cat dLGN relay cells and the contribution of corticogeniculate feedback: Brain Research Vol 573(2) Feb 1992, 217-227.
  • Fyda, D. M. (1988). The influence of one-kidney Goldblatt hypertension and cold acclimation on adrenergically-induced cardiovascular and thermoregulatory adjustments in rats: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Galantsev, V. P., Baranova, T. I., Perepelitsa, V. A., Petukhova, N. V., & et al. (1995). Dependence of adaptive cardio-vascular responses to combined exposure to cold and hypoxia on psychophysiological status in humans: Fiziologicheskii Zhurnal SSSR im I M Sechenova Vol 81(5) May 1995, 86-92.
  • Galina, Z. H., & Kastin, A. J. (1985). MIF-1 antagonizes warm-, but not cold-water stress-induced analgesia: Dissociation from immobility: Peptides Vol 6(6) Nov-Dec 1985, 1109-1112.
  • Galland, B. C., Peebles, C. M., Bolton, D. P., & Taylor, B. J. (1993). Sleep state organization in the developing piglet during exposure to different thermal stimuli: Sleep: Journal of Sleep Research & Sleep Medicine Vol 16(7) Oct 1993, 610-619.
  • Geisser, M. E., Robinson, M. E., & Pickren, W. E. (1992). Differences in cognitive coping strategies among pain-sensitive and pain-tolerant individuals on the cold-pressor test: Behavior Therapy Vol 23(1) Win 1992, 31-41.
  • Giesbrecht, G. G., Arnett, J. L., Vela, E., & Bristow, G. K. (1993). Effect of task complexity on mental performance during immersion hypothermia: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 64(3, Sect 1) Mar 1993, 206-211.
  • Girardot, M.-N. (1984). Effect of long-term stress, aging and stress experience on adaptation to stress and response to morphine in rats: A paradoxical role for endorphins: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Girardot, M.-N., & Holloway, F. A. (1984). Intermittent cold water stress-analgesia in rats: Cross-tolerance to morphine: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 20(4) Apr 1984, 631-633.
  • Girardot, M.-N., & Holloway, F. A. (1985). Effect of age and long-term stress experience on adaptation to stress analgesia in mature rats: Role of opioids: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 99(3) Jun 1985, 411-422.
  • Girodo, M., & Wood, D. (1979). Talking yourself out of pain: The importance of believing that you can: Cognitive Therapy and Research Vol 3(1) Mar 1979, 23-33.
  • Glas, H. W. v. d., Cadden, S. W., & Bilt, A. v. d. (2000). Mechanisms underlying the effects of remote noxious stimulation and mental activities on exteroceptive jaw reflexes in man: Pain Vol 84(2-3) Feb 2000, 193-202.
  • Glavin, G. B., & Vincent, G. P. (1979). Species differences in restraint-induced gastric ulcers: Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society Vol 14(5) Nov 1979, 351-352.
  • Glickman, E. L., Cheatham, C. C., Caine, N., & Blegen, M. (2001). The influence of ethnicity on thermosensitivity during cold water immersion: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 72(7) Jul 2001, 632-637.
  • Glickman-Weiss, E. L., Hearon, C. M., Nelson, A. G., & Robertson, R. J. (1994). A thermal perception scale for use during resting exposure to cold air: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 79(1, Pt 2), Spec Issue Aug 1994, 547-560.
  • Go, K. G., Ebels, E. J., Van Woudenberg, F., & Geerlings, T. (1973). The development of oedema in the immature brain: A comparison of cold-induced oedema in young and adult cat brain: Psychiatria, Neurologia, Neurochirurgia Vol 76(6) Nov 1973, 427-437.
  • Gold, R. M., & et al. (1977). Cool water's suppression of water intake: Persistence across deprivation conditions, ages, sexes, and osmolarities: Physiology & Behavior Vol 18(6) Jun 1977, 1047-1053.
  • Goldenberg, M. M. (1973). Study of cold + restraint stress gastric lesions in spontaneously hypertensive, Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats: Life Sciences Vol 12(11, Pt 1) Jun 1973, 519-527.
  • Gonyou, H. W., Christopherson, R. J., & Young, B. A. (1979). Effects of cold temperature and winter conditions on some aspects of behaviour of feedlot cattle: Applied Animal Ethology Vol 5(2) Apr 1979, 113-124.
  • Graham, M., & Letz, R. (1979). Within-species variation in the development of ultrasonic signaling of preweanling rats: Developmental Psychobiology Vol 12(2) Mar 1979, 129-136.
  • Green, B. G. (1987). The effect of cooling on the vibrotactile sensitivity of the tongue: Perception & Psychophysics Vol 42(5) Nov 1987, 423-430.
  • Green, B. G. (1992). The sensory effect of l-menthol on human skin: Somatosensory & Motor Research Vol 9(3) 1992, 235-244.
  • Green, B. G. (2002). Synthetic heat at mild temperatures: Somatosensory & Motor Research Vol 19(2) 2002, 130-138.
  • Grosse, A., Prchal, A., Diaz Puertas, C., & Coviello, A. (1993). Effects of psychological stress on cold pressor test results: Behavioral Medicine Vol 19(1) Spr 1993, 35-41.
  • Grunhaus, L., & et al. (1983). Prolactin response to the cold pressor test in patients with panic attacks: Psychiatry Research Vol 8(3) Mar 1983, 171-177.
  • Hahn, M. E., & Schanz, N. (2002). The effects of cold, rotation, and genotype on the production of ultrasonic calls in infant mice: Behavior Genetics Vol 32(3) May 2002, 267-273.
  • Haim, A. (1991). Behavior patterns of cold-resistant golden spiny mouse Acomys russatus: Physiology & Behavior Vol 50(3) Sep 1991, 641-643.
  • Hama, H., Mine, H., & Matsuyama, Y. (1982). Effects of counterirritation on experimentally produced itching: Japanese Psychological Research Vol 24(4) 1982, 188-194.
  • Hamalainen, H., Vartiainen, M., Karvanen, L., & Jarvilehto, T. (1982). Paradoxical heat sensations during moderate cooling of the skin: Brain Research Vol 251(1) Nov 1982, 77-81.
  • Hamm, R. J., Knisely, J. S., & Lyons, C. M. (1990). Adaptation of body temperature and nociception to cold stress in preweanling rats: Physiology & Behavior Vol 47(5) May 1990, 895-897.
  • Hamm, R. J., Knisely, J. S., & Watson, A. (1986). Environmentally-induced analgesia: Age-related differences in a hormonally-mediated, nonopioid system: Journal of Gerontology Vol 41(3) May 1986, 336-341.
  • Hamm, R. J., & Rosen, F. P. (1979). The effect of cold adaptation on food-motivated behavior: Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society Vol 14(1) Jul 1979, 77-79.
  • Hampf, G. (1990). Influence of cold pain in the hand on skin impedance, heart rate and skin temperature: Physiology & Behavior Vol 47(1) Jan 1990, 217-218.
  • Han, S., Chen, X., Cox, B., Yang, C.-L., Wu, Y.-M., Naes, L., et al. (1998). Role of neuropeptide Y in cold stress-induced hypertension: Peptides Vol 19(2) 1998, 351-358.
  • Hanna, J. M., & Hornick, C. A. (1977). Use of coca leaf in southern Peru: Adaptation or addiction: Bulletin on Narcotics Vol 29(1) Jan-Mar 1977, 63-74.
  • Hanna, J. M., & Smith, R. M. (1975). Responses of Hawaiian-born Japanese and Caucasians to a standardized cold exposure: Human Biology Vol 47(4) Dec 1975, 427-440.
  • Hansen, C., Hopf, H. C., & Treede, R. D. (1996). Paradoxical heat sensation in patients with multiple sclerosis: Evidence for a supraspinal integration of temperature sensation: Brain: A Journal of Neurology Vol 119(5)* Oct 1996, 1729-1736.
  • Harju, E.-L. (2002). Cold and warmth perception mapped for age, gender, and body area: Somatosensory & Motor Research Vol 19(1) 2002, 61-75.
  • Harlow, H. J. (1980). Behavioral and physiological adaptations by the American badger, Taxidea taxus, to food deprivation and cold: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Harris, G., & Rollman, G. B. (1983). The validity of experimental pain measures: Pain Vol 17(4) Dec 1983, 369-376.
  • Harrison, J. L. K., & Davis, K. D. (1999). Cold-evoked pain varies with skin type and cooling rate: A psychophysical study in humans: Pain Vol 83(2) Nov 1999, 123-135.
  • Harrod, S. B., Metzger, M. M., Stempowski, N. K., & Riccio, D. C. (2002). Cold tolerance: Behavioral differences following single or multiple cold exposures: Physiology & Behavior Vol 76(1) May 2002, 27-39.
  • Hartig, T., Catalano, R., & Ong, M. (2007). Cold summer weather, constrained restoration, and the use of antidepressants in Sweden: Journal of Environmental Psychology Vol 27(2) Jun 2007, 107-116.
  • Harvey, N. S., & Mikhail, W. I. (1986). Seasonal hypomania in a patient with cold urticaria: British Journal of Psychiatry Vol 149 Aug 1986, 238-241.
  • Haskell, E. H., Walker, J. M., & Berger, R. J. (1979). Effects of cold stress on sleep of an hibernator, the golden-mantled ground squirrel (C. lateralis): Physiology & Behavior Vol 23(6) Dec 1979, 1119-1121.
  • Haskins, R. T. (1976). Eliciting conditions, form, and function of kitten vocalizations: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Hata, T., Itoh, E., & Nishikawa, H. (1995). Behavioral characteristics of SART-stressed mice in the forced swim test and drug action: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 51(4) Aug 1995, 849-853.
  • Hatayama, T., Ohyama, M., & Shimizu, K. (1985). Effect of experimentally induced thermal-imagination on pain threshold: Tohoku Psychologica Folia Vol 44(1-4) 1985, 10-14.
  • Hayduk, A. W. (1980). Increasing hand efficiency at cold temperatures by training hand vasodilation with a classical conditioning-biofeedback overlap design: Biofeedback & Self Regulation Vol 5(3) Sep 1980, 307-326.
  • Hayduk, A. W. (1982). The persistence and transfer of voluntary hand-warmings in natural and laboratory cold settings after 1 yr: Biofeedback & Self Regulation Vol 7(1) Mar 1982, 49-52.
  • Hayes, S. C., Bissett, R. T., Korn, Z., Zettle, R. D., Rosenfarb, I. S., Cooper, L. D., et al. (1999). The impact of acceptance versus control rationales on pain tolerance: Psychological Record Vol 49(1) Win 1999, 33-47.
  • Heath, M. E. (1980). Effect of rearing-temperature on the thermoregulatory behavior of pigs: Behavioral & Neural Biology Vol 28(2) Feb 1980, 193-202.
  • Heiden, L. A., Larkin, K. T., & Knowlton, G. E. (1991). Cognitive response to a cold pressor challenge in high and low blood pressure reactive subjects: Journal of Psychosomatic Research Vol 35(6) 1991, 679-685.
  • Henderson, D., Fort, M. M., Rashotte, M. E., & Henderson, R. P. (1992). Ingestive behavior and body temperature of pigeons during long-term cold exposure: Physiology & Behavior Vol 52(3) Sep 1992, 455-469.
  • Hennig, J., Laschefski, U., Becker, H., Rammsayer, T., & et al. (1993). Immune cell and cortisol responses to physically and pharmacologically induced lowering of body core temperature: Neuropsychobiology Vol 28(1-2) 1993, 82-86.
  • Hentschel, U. (1977). Pain tolerance and its predictability through ratings and psychological tests: Archiv fur Psychologie Vol 129(1) 1977, 39-54.
  • Heppner, C. C., & Kemble, E. D. (1984). An active avoidance task utilizing ice water as the unconditioned stimulus: Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society Vol 22(6) Nov 1984, 577-578.
  • Herz, M. J., Peeke, H. V. S., & Wyers, E. J. (1964). Temperature and conditioning in the earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris: Animal Behaviour 12(4) 1964, 502-507.
  • Heth, C. D. (1985). Within-compound associations of taste and temperature: Learning and Motivation Vol 16(4) Nov 1985, 413-422.
  • Hilgard, E. R., MacDonald, H., Morgan, A. H., & Johnson, L. S. (1978). The reality of hypnotic analgesia: A comparison of highly hypnotizables with simulators: Journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol 87(2) Apr 1978, 239-246.
  • Hilz, M. J., Stemper, B., & Kolodny, E. H. (2000). Lower limb cold exposure induces pain and prolonged small fiber dysfunction in Fabry patients: Pain Vol 84(2-3) Feb 2000, 361-365.
  • Hinderliter, C. F., Blanton, P., & Misanin, J. R. (1989). Preventing and alleviating hypothermia-induced amnesia in weanling and young adult rats: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 103(6) Dec 1989, 1200-1206.
  • Hinderliter, C. F., Misanin, J. R., Baker, D. F., & Topper, F. M. (1978). Learning in infant rats: Escape from cold: Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society Vol 12(6) Dec 1978, 437-440.
  • Hodes, R. L., Howland, E. W., Lightfoot, N., & Cleeland, C. S. (1990). The effects of distraction on responses to cold pressor pain: Pain Vol 41(1) Apr 1990, 109-114.
  • Hofer, M. A., & Shair, H. N. (1991). Independence of ultrasonic vocalization and thermogenic responses in infant rats: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 105(1) Feb 1991, 41-48.
  • Hoffman, A., & et al. (1975). Delayed increase of adrenal TH and PNMT activities following cold stress in the mouse: Life Sciences Vol 17(4) Aug 1975, 557-562.
  • Hoffman, C. M., Flory, G. S., & Alberts, J. R. (1999). Ontogenetic adaptation and learning: A developmental constraint in learning for a thermal reinforcer: Developmental Psychobiology Vol 34(2) Mar 1999, 73-86.
  • Hoffman, R. G., & Pozos, R. S. (1989). Experimental hypothermia and cold perception: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 60(10, Sect 1) Oct 1989, 964-969.
  • Horan, J. J., & Dellinger, J. K. (1974). "In vivo" emotive imagery: A preliminary test: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 39(1, Pt 2) Aug 1974, 359-362.
  • Horel, J. A. (1992). Retrieval of active and inactive visual discriminations while temporal cortex is suppressed with cold: Behavioural Brain Research Vol 51(2) Nov 1992, 193-201.
  • Horel, J. A. (1994). Local and global perception examined by reversible suppression of temporal cortex with cold: Behavioural Brain Research Vol 65(2) Dec 1994, 157-164.
  • Horel, J. A. (1994). Retrieval of color and form during suppression of temporal cortex with cold: Behavioural Brain Research Vol 65(2) Dec 1994, 165-172.
  • Horel, J. A., Pytko-Joiner, D. E., Voytko, M. L., & Salsbury, K. (1987). The performance of visual tasks while segments of the inferotemporal cortex are suppressed by cold: Behavioural Brain Research Vol 23(1) Jan 1987, 29-42.
  • Horne, J. A., & Reid, A. J. (1985). Night-time sleep EEG changes following body heating in a warm bath: Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology Vol 60(2) Feb 1985, 154-157.
  • Horowitz, K. A., Scott, N. R., Hillman, P. E., & Van Tienhoven, A. (1978). Effects of feathers on instrumental thermoregulatory behavior in chickens: Physiology & Behavior Vol 21(2) Aug 1978, 233-238.
  • Hosek, V., Solcova, I., Bahbouh, R., & Ulicny, B. (1995). Psychophysiological changes during cold acclimation in man: Studia Psychologica Vol 37(5) 1995, 311-315.
  • Howard, T. C., & Murchison, W. G. (1964). Defecation as a response to cold in the rat: Psychological Reports 14(3) 1964, 893-994.
  • Hugdahl, K., Fagerstrom, K.-O., & Broback, C.-G. (1984). Effects of cold and mental stress on finger temperature in vasospastics and normal Ss: Behaviour Research and Therapy Vol 22(5) 1984, 471-476.
  • Hurley, B. F., & Haymes, E. M. (1982). The effects of rest and exercise in the cold on substrate mobilization and utilization: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 53(12) Dec 1982, 1193-1197.
  • Ibarra, G. R., Paratcha, G. C., Rodriguez, J. A., Napp, M. I., & et al. (1997). Cold stress related alteration of RNA biosynthesis in brain cortex of mother-deprived newborn rats: Life Sciences Vol 60(24) May 1997, 2165-2171.
  • Ihalainen, O., Gardziella, M., & Hirvenoja, R. (1973). Winter bathing: Psychiatria Fennica 1973, 71-77.
  • Imai-Matsumura, K., Kaul, R., & Schmidt, I. (1995). Juvenile circadian core temperature rhythm in Wistar and lean (Fa/-) Zucker rat pups: Physiology & Behavior Vol 57(1) Jan 1995, 135-139.
  • Ishizuka, K., Hillier, A., & Beversdorf, D. Q. (2007). Effect of the cold pressor test on memory and cognitive flexibility: Neurocase Vol 13(3) Jun 2007, 154-157.
  • Israel, D. J., Wittmers, L. E., Hoffman, R. G., & Pozos, R. S. (1993). Suppression of shivering by breath holding, relaxation, mental arithmetic, and warm water ingestion: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 64(12) Dec 1993, 1108-1112.
  • Jackson, T., Nagasaka, T., Fritch, A., & Gunderson, J. (2002). Alexithymia is not related to tolerance for cold pressor pain: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 94(2) Apr 2002, 487-488.
  • Jaikins-Madden, J. E. (1988). The effect of cold swim and time of sampling delay on a panel of endocrine measures in male rats: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Jakubczak, L. F. (1966). Behavioral thermoregulation in young and old rats: Journal of Applied Physiology 21(1) 1966, 19-21.
  • Jasmin, L., Kohan, L., Franssen, M., Janni, G., & Goff, J. R. (1998). The cold plate as a test of nociceptive behaviors: Description and application to the study of chronic neuropathic and inflammatory pain models: Pain Vol 75(2-3) Apr 1998, 367-382.
  • Jedema, H. P., Finlay, J. M., Sved, A. F., & Grace, A. A. (2001). Chronic cold exposure potentiates CRH-evoked increases in electrophysiologic activity of locus coeruleus neurons: Biological Psychiatry Vol 49(4) Feb 2001, 351-359.
  • Jedema, H. P., & Grace, A. A. (2003). Chronic exposure to cold stress alters electrophysiological properties of locus coeruleus neurons recorded in vitro: Neuropsychopharmacology Vol 28(1) Jan 2003, 63-72.
  • Jenkins, W. L. (1938). Studies in thermal sensitivity: 4. Minor contributions: Journal of Experimental Psychology Vol 22(2) Feb 1938, 178-185.
  • Jenkins, W. L. (1938). Studies in thermal sensitivity: 5. The reactions of untrained subjects to simultaneous warm + cold stimulation: Journal of Experimental Psychology Vol 22(5) May 1938, 451-461.
  • Jenkins, W. L. (1938). Studies in thermal sensitivity: 6. The reactions of untrained subjects to simultaneous warm + cold + electric shock: Journal of Experimental Psychology Vol 22(6) Jun 1938, 564-572.
  • Jenkins, W. L. (1939). Studies in thermal sensitivity: 13. Effects of stimulus-temperature in seriatim cold-mapping: Journal of Experimental Psychology Vol 25(5) Nov 1939, 519-527.
  • Jenkins, W. L. (1940). Studies in thermal sensitivity: 14. Part-whole relations in seriatim warm-mapping: Journal of Experimental Psychology Vol 27(1) Jul 1940, 76-80.
  • Jenkins, W. L. (1941). Studies in thermal sensitivity: 17. The topographical and functional relations of warm and cold: Journal of Experimental Psychology Vol 29(6) Dec 1941, 511-516.
  • Jennings, J. R., Maricq, H. R., Canner, J., Thompson, B., Freedman, R. R., Wise, R., et al. (1999). A thermal vascular test for distinguishing between patients with Raynaud's Phenomenon and healthy controls: Health Psychology Vol 18(4) Jul 1999, 421-426.
  • Jensen, R. A., Davis, J. L., & Shnerson, A. (1980). Early experience facilitates the development of temperature regulation in the cat: Developmental Psychobiology Vol 13(1) Jan 1980, 1-6.
  • Jiang, C. G., Morrow-Tesch, J. L., Beller, D. I., Levy, E. M., & et al. (1990). Immunosuppression in mice induced by cold water stress: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity Vol 4(4) Dec 1990, 278-291.
  • Johnson, C., & Eccles, R. (2005). Acute cooling of the feet and the onset of common cold symptoms: Family Practice Vol 22(6) Nov 2005, 608-613.
  • Johnson, D. J., & Leider, F. E. (1977). Influence of cold bath on maximum handgrip strength: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 44(1) Feb 1977, 323-326.
  • Johnson, F., & Rashotte, M. E. (2002). Food availability but not cold ambient temperature affects undirected singing in adult male zebra finches: Physiology & Behavior Vol 76(1) May 2002, 9-20.
  • Johnson, K. G., & Cabanac, M. (1982). Homeostatic competition in rats fed at varying distances from a thermoneutral refuge: Physiology & Behavior Vol 29(4) Oct 1982, 715-720.
  • Johnson, K. G., & Cabanac, M. C. (1983). Human thermoregulatory behavior during a conflict between cold discomfort and money: Physiology & Behavior Vol 30(1) Jan 1983, 145-150.
  • Johnson, M. H., & Petrie, S. M. (1997). The effects of distraction on exercise and cold pressor tolerance for chronic low back pain sufferers: Pain Vol 69(1-2) Jan 1997, 43-48.
  • Johnson, M. R., & Adler, L. E. (1993). Transient impairment in P50 auditory sensory gating induced by a cold-pressor test: Biological Psychiatry Vol 33(5) Mar 1993, 380-387.
  • Johnson, R. F. (1974). Suggestions for pain reduction and response to cold-induced pain: Psychological Record Vol 24(2) Spr 1974, 161-169.
  • Johnson, R. F., Branch, L. G., & McMenemy, D. J. (1989). Influence of attitude and expectation on moods and symptoms during cold weather military training: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 60(12) Dec 1989, 1157-1162.
  • Jorenby, D. E., Keesey, R. E., & Baker, T. B. (1988). Characterization of morphine's excitatory effects: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 102(6) Dec 1988, 975-985.
  • Joyce, M. P. (1993). Fos protein-like immunoreactivity in the hypothalamus: Normal development and the effects of cold ambient temperature and early eye opening in the preweanling rat: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Kanamori, N., Tomita, H., Yagi, A., & Hirao, N. (2002). An attenuation of amplitude in SEP evoked by cold and hot water: Japanese Journal of Physiological Psychology and Psychophysiology Vol 20(3) Dec 2002, 241-247.
  • Kanfer, F. H., & Seidner, M. L. (1973). Self-control: Factors enhancing tolerance of noxious stimulation: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Vol 25(3) Mar 1973, 381-389.
  • Kappes, B. M., & Chapman, S. J. (1984). The effects of indoor versus outdoor thermal biofeedback training in cold-weather sports: Journal of Sport Psychology Vol 6(3) 1984, 305-311.
  • Kawanishi, C., Fukuda, M., Tamura, R., Nishijo, H., & Ono, T. (1997). Effects of repeated cold stress on feeding, avoidance behavior, and pain-related nerve fiber activity: Physiology & Behavior Vol 62(4) Oct 1997, 849-855.
  • Keefe, F. J., Surwit, R. S., & Pilon, R. N. (1980). Biofeedback, autogenic training, and progressive relaxation in the treatment of Raynaud's Disease: A comparative study: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis Vol 13(1) Spr 1980, 3-11.
  • Kelly, C. B., & Cooper, S. J. (1998). Plasma norepinephrine response to a cold pressor test in subtypes of depressive illness: Psychiatry Research Vol 81(1) Oct 1998, 39-50.
  • Kenshalo, D. R., & Duclaux, R. (1977). Response characteristics of cutaneous cold receptors in the monkey: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 40(2) Mar 1977, 319-332.
  • Kim, H. E., & Tokura, H. (1995). Effect of the menstrual cycle on dressing behavior in the cold: Physiology & Behavior Vol 58(4) Oct 1995, 699-703.
  • Kim, J. H., Greenspan, J. D., Coghill, R. C., Ohara, S., & Lenz, F. A. (2007). Lesions limited to the human thalamic principal somatosensory nucleus (ventral caudal) are associated with loss of cold sensations and central pain: Journal of Neuroscience Vol 27(18) May 2007, 4995-5005.
  • Kimmel, H. D., & Gurucharri, F. W. (1975). Operant GSR conditioning with cool air reinforcement: Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science Vol 10(4) Oct-Dec 1975, 239-245.
  • King, J. A., Campbell, D., & Edwards, E. (1993). Differential development of the stress response in congenital learned helplessness: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience Vol 11(4) Aug 1993, 435-442.
  • Kinnman, J., Andersson, U., Kinnman, Y., & Wetterqvist, L. (1997). Temporary improvement of motor function in patients with multiple sclerosis after treatment with a cooling suit: Journal of Neurologic Rehabilitation Vol 11(2) 1997, 109-114.
  • Kissinger, S. C. (1993). Disruption of adaptation to repeated cold exposure in rats: Further evidence for associative mechanisms of tolerance: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Klauenberg, B. J., Kleven, M. S., & Sparber, S. B. (1985). Behaviorally equivalent stressors differentially modify the monoamine altering property of d-amphetamine: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 23(3) Sep 1985, 417-423.
  • Knox, V. J., & Shum, K. (1977). Reduction of cold-pressor pain with acupuncture analgesia in high- and low-hypnotic subjects: Journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol 86(6) Dec 1977, 639-643.
  • Kobrick, J. L., & Johnson, R. F. (1991). Effects of hot and cold environments on military performance. Oxford, England: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Koo, M. W., Cho, C. H., & Ogle, C. W. (1986). Effects of cold-restraint stress on gastric ulceration and motility in rats: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 25(4) Oct 1986, 775-779.
  • Koo, M. W., Cho, C. H., & Ogle, C. W. (1989). Does acidosis contribute to stress-induced ulceration in rat stomachs? : Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 33(3) Jul 1989, 563-566.
  • Koo, M. W., Ogle, C. W., & Cho, C. H. (1985). The effect of cold-restraint stress on gastric emptying in rats: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 23(6) Dec 1985, 969-972.
  • Korhonen, H., & Harri, M. (1986). Seasonal changes in energy economy of farmed polecat as evaluated by body weight, food intake and behavioural strategy: Physiology & Behavior Vol 37(5) 1986, 777-783.
  • Korpas, J., & Gajdos, E. (1971). Effect of cold on the aspiration reflex: Physiologia Bohemoslovaca Vol 20(6) 1971, 617-622.
  • Koscheyev, V. S., Coca, A., Leon, G. R., & Trevino, R. C. (2005). Redirection of Biological Heat from Head to Hands to Support Finger Comfort in the Cold: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 76(9) Sep 2005, 828-832.
  • Koscheyev, V. S., Roschina, N. A., & Makhov, V. V. (1994). Psychophysiological characteristics related to the functional state of the members of the Soviet-American Arctic Bering Bridge Expedition: Environment and Behavior Vol 26(2) Mar 1994, 166-178.
  • Kozyreva, T. V., Sindarovskaya, I. N., & Lazarenko, P. V. (1986). Development of some reactions to noradrenaline injection in control and cold-adapted rats: Fiziologicheskii Zhurnal SSSR im I M Sechenova Vol 72(3) Mar 1986, 377-381.
  • Kraly, F. S., & Blass, E. M. (1976). Mechanisms for enhanced feeding in the cold in rats: Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology Vol 90(7) Jul 1976, 714-726.
  • Kramer, E., & Bodnar, R. J. (1986). Age-related decrements in the analgesic response to cold-water swims: Physiology & Behavior Vol 36(5) 1986, 875-880.
  • Krijgsveld, K. L., Visser, G. H., & Daan, S. (2003). Foraging behavior and physiological changes in precocial quail chicks in response to low temperatures: Physiology & Behavior Vol 79(2) Jul 2003, 311-319.
  • Kritchevskaya, A. A., Bondarenko, T. I., Krupennikova, E. Y., & Mikhaleva, I. I. (1986). Effect of the !d-sleep peptide on the condition of the cerebral membranes under the cold stress action: Fiziologicheskii Zhurnal SSSR im I M Sechenova Vol 72(6) Jun 1986, 843-845.
  • Kuhn, C. M., Grignolo, A., & Schanberg, S. M. (1983). Ontogeny of stress effects on ornithine decarboxylase activity in rats: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 18(5) May 1983, 669-672.
  • Kurimoto, Y., Matsuoka, T., Yoshii, H., Naiki, M., Yago, H., & Suehiro, S. (1992). Stress-induced alterations of immune responses and immunomodulating effects of Neurotropin. Philadelphia, PA, England: Gordon & Breach Science Publishers.
  • Kurumaji, A., Takashima, M., & Shibuya, H. (1987). Cold and immobilization stress-induced changes in pain responsiveness and brain Met-enkephalin-like immunoreactivity in the rat: Peptides Vol 8(2) Mar-Apr 1987, 355-359.
  • Lal, A., Tripathi, S. K., Giriyappanavar, C. R., Biswas, N. R., & et al. (1992). Comparison of effects of atenolol and acebutolol on cold stress-induced cardiovascular response: Asia Pacific Journal of Pharmacology Vol 7(3) Sep 1992, 171-174.
  • Landau, I. T., & Holmes, W. G. (1988). Mating of captive thirteen-lined ground squirrels and the annual timing of estrus: Hormones and Behavior Vol 22(4) Dec 1988, 474-487.
  • Landeira-Fernandez, J. (2004). Analysis of the cold-water restraint procedure in gastric ulceration and body temperature: Physiology & Behavior Vol 82(5) Oct 2004, 827-833.
  • Lapo, I. B., Konarzewski, M., & Sadowski, B. (2003). Effect of cold acclimation and repeated swimming on opioid and nonopioid swim stress-induced analgesia in selectively bred mice: Physiology & Behavior Vol 78(3) Mar 2003, 345-350.
  • Lara Folgar, M. J. (1990). Behavioural analysis of eritema pernio: Psiquis: Revista de Psiquiatria, Psicologia y Psicosomatica Vol 11(5) 1990, 54-60.
  • Larson, J., & Lynch, G. (1991). A test of the spine resistance hypothesis for LTP expression: Brain Research Vol 538(2) Jan 1991, 347-350.
  • Laudenslager, M. L. (1975). Hypothalamic control of behavioral thermoregulation in the squirrel monkey ( Saimiri sciureus ): Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Laudenslager, M. L. (1976). Proportional hypothalamic control of behavioral thermoregulation in the squirrel monkey: Physiology & Behavior Vol 17(3) Sep 1976, 383-390.
  • le Maho, Y. (1977). The emperor penguin: A strategy to live and breed in the cold: American Scientist Vol 65(6) Nov-Dec 1977, 680-693.
  • LeBaron, S., Zeltzer, L. K., & Fanurik, D. (1989). An investigation of cold pressor pain in children: I: Pain Vol 37(2) May 1989, 161-171.
  • Lebedev, V. I. (1980). Stages of psychological adaptation under altered conditions of existence: Voprosy Psychologii No 4 Jul-Aug 1980, 50-59.
  • LeBlanc, J., Ducharme, M. B., Pasto, L., & Thompson, M. (2003). Response to thermal stress and personality: Physiology & Behavior Vol 80(1) Oct 2003, 69-74.
  • Lee, D. E., Kim, S. J., & Zhuo, M. (1999). Comparison of behavioral responses to noxious cold and heat in mice: Brain Research Vol 845(1) Oct 1999, 117-121.
  • Lee, T. F., & Wang, L. C. (1985). Improving cold tolerance in elderly rats by aminophylline: Life Sciences Vol 36(21) May 1985, 2025-2032.
  • Lembeck, F., & Amann, R. (1986). The influence of capsaicin sensitive neurons on stress-induced release of ACTH: Brain Research Bulletin Vol 16(4) Apr 1986, 541-543.
  • Leresche, N., Hardy, O., & Jassik-Gerschenfeld, D. (1983). Receptive field properties of single cells in the pigeon's optic tectum during cooling of the "visual wulst." Brain Research Vol 267(2) May 1983, 225-236.
  • Lesyk, C. K. (1979). Additive effects of sensation information, coping procedures and covert rehearsal on toleration of a cold stressor: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Lewis, E. L., & Linn, M. C. (2003). Heat Energy and Temperature Concepts of Adolescents, Adults, and Experts: Implications for Curricular Improvements: Journal of Research in Science Teaching Vol 40(Suppl) 2003, S155-S175.
  • Li, S. (1994). Users' behaviour of small urban spaces in winter and marginal seasons: Architecture & Comportement/Architecture & Behaviour Vol 10(1) Mar 1994, 95-109.
  • Lieberman, H. R., Coffey, B., & Kobrick, J. (1998). A vigilance task sensitive to the effects of stimulants, hypnotics, and environmental stress: The Scanning Visual Vigilance Test: Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers Vol 30(3) Aug 1998, 416-422.
  • Liu, G., Yang, L., Wang, X., Yang, X., Zhang, Y., Ma, W., et al. (2001). The effect of cold stress on nitric oxide (NO) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the mice brain: Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology Vol 9(4) 2001, 248-249.
  • Liu, X., Kvetnansky, R., Serova, L., Sollas, A., & Sabban, E. L. (2005). Increased susceptibility to transcriptional changes with novel stressor in adrenal medulla of rats exposed to prolonged cold stress: Molecular Brain Research Vol 141(1) Nov 2005, 19-29.
  • Lockhart, J. M. (1966). Effects of body and hand cooling on complex manual performance: Journal of Applied Psychology Vol 50(1) Feb 1966, 57-59.
  • Lockhart, J. M., Kiess, H. O., & Clegg, T. J. (1975). Effect of rate and level of lowered finger surface temperature on manual performance: Journal of Applied Psychology Vol 60(1) Feb 1975, 106-113.
  • Lomber, S. G., & Payne, B. R. (2000). Translaminar differentiation of visually guided behaviors revealed by restricted cerebral cooling deactivation: Cerebral Cortex Vol 10(11) Nov 2000, 1066-1077.
  • Long, N. C., Vander, A. J., & Kluger, M. J. (1990). Stress-induced rise of body temperature in rats is the same in warm and cool environments: Physiology & Behavior Vol 47(4) Apr 1990, 773-775.
  • Lott, G. G., & Gatchel, R. J. (1978). A multi-response analysis of learned heart rate control: Psychophysiology Vol 15(6) Nov 1978, 576-581.
  • Lovallo, W., Parsons, O. A., & Holloway, F. A. (1973). Autonomic arousal in normal, alcoholic, and brain-damaged subjects as measured by the plethysmograph response to cold pressor stimulation: Psychophysiology Vol 10(2) Mar 1973, 166-176.
  • Lovallo, W., & Zeiner, A. R. (1974). Cutaneous vasomotor responses to cold pressor stimulation: Psychophysiology Vol 11(4) Jul 1974, 458-471.
  • Lovallo, W., & Zeiner, A. R. (1975). Some factors influencing the vasomotor response to cold pressor stimulation: Psychophysiology Vol 12(5) Sep 1975, 499-505.
  • Lynch, G. R., & Wichman, H. A. (1981). Reproduction and thermoregulation in Peromyscus: Effects of chronic short days: Physiology & Behavior Vol 26(2) Feb 1981, 201-205.
  • Lynn, B., & Perl, E. R. (1977). A comparison of four tests for assessing the pain sensitivity of different subjects and test areas: Pain Vol 3(4) Aug 1977, 353-365.
  • Lyubimov, B. I., & Ostrovskaya, G. Z. (1977). The effect of psychotropics on the physical performance capacity of animals exposed to heat and cold: Farmakologiya i Toksikologiya Vol 40(2) Mar-Apr 1977, 133-136.
  • Ma, S., & Morilak, D. A. (2005). Chronic intermittent cold stress sensitises the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal response to a novel acute stress by enhancing noradrenergic influence in the rat paraventricular nucleus: Journal of Neuroendocrinology Vol 17(11) Nov 2005, 761-769.
  • Macari, M., Zuim, S. M., Secato, E. R., & Guerreiro, J. R. (1986). Effects of ambient temperature and thyroid hormones on food intake by pigs: Physiology & Behavior Vol 36(6) 1986, 1035-1039.
  • Madrid, R., Donovan-Rodriguez, T., Meseguer, V., Acosta, M. C., Belmonte, C., & Viana, F. (2006). Contribution of TRPM8 channels to cold transduction in primary sensory neurons and peripheral nerve terminals: Journal of Neuroscience Vol 26(48) Nov 2006, 12512-12525.
  • Magnuson, J. J., Keller, J. W., Beckel, A. L., & Gallepp, G. W. (1983). Breathing gas mixtures different from air: An adaptation for survival under the ice of a facultative air-breathing fish: Science Vol 220(4594) Apr 1983, 312-314.
  • Mahapatra, A. P. K., Mallick, H. N., & Kumar, V. M. (2005). Changes in sleep on chronic exposure to warm and cold ambient temperatures: Physiology & Behavior Vol 84(2) Feb 2005, 287-294.
  • Mahapatra, A. P. K., Mallick, H. N., & Kumar, V. M. (2005). Corrigendum: Corrigendum to "Changes in sleep on chronic exposure to warm and cold ambient": Physiology & Behavior Vol 85(4) Jul 2005, 517-518.
  • Mahoney, C. R., Castellani, J., Kramer, F. M., Young, A., & Lieberman, H. R. (2007). Tyrosine supplementation mitigates working memory decrements during cold exposure: Physiology & Behavior Vol 92(4) Nov 2007, 575-582.
  • Maihofner, C., Kaltenhauser, M., Neundorfer, B., & Lang, E. (2002). Temporo-spatial analysis of cortical activation by phasic innocuous and noxious cold stimuli--A magnetoencephalographic study: Pain Vol 100(3) Dec 2002, 281-290.
  • Makinen, T. M., Palinkas, L. A., Reeves, D. L., Paakkonen, T., Rintamaki, H., Leppaluoto, J., et al. (2006). Effect of repeated exposures to cold on cognitive performance in humans: Physiology & Behavior Vol 87(1) Jan 2006, 166-176.
  • Maksimov, A. L., & Ryzhenkov, A. A. (1999). Peripheral vascular reactions induced by local application of cold and assessed by the thermal imaging technique in people with different hypoxic resistance: Human Physiology Vol 25(1) Jan-Feb 1999, 93-97.
  • Manalaysay, A. R., Langworthy, H. C., & Layton, R. P. (1983). Catecholamine levels in divers subjected to stresses of immersion and hyperbaric exposure: Undersea Biomedical Research Vol 10(2) Jun 1983, 95-106.
  • Manz, B. D. (1996). An investigation of non-noxious cold as a pain intervention among women. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Marcus, P., & Belyavin, A. (1978). Thermal sensation during experimental hypothermia: Physiology & Behavior Vol 21(6) Dec 1978, 909-914.
  • Marcus, P., & Redman, P. (1979). Effect of exercise on thermal comfort during hypothermia: Physiology & Behavior Vol 22(5) May 1979, 831-835.
  • Marks, L. E., & Stevens, J. C. (1972). Perceived cold and skin temperature as functions of stimulation level and duration: American Journal of Psychology Vol 85(3) Sep 1972, 407-419.
  • Marrao, C., Tikuisis, P., Keefe, A. A., Gil, V., & Giesbrecht, G. G. (2005). Physical and Cognitive Performance During Long-Term Cold Weather Operations: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 76(8) Aug 2005, 744-752.
  • Martin, J. C., & et al. (1980). Effects of ambient temperature upon diurnal activity in nutritionally iron-deficient rats: Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society Vol 15(1) Jan 1980, 18-20.
  • Martin-Elkins, C. L., George, P., & Horel, J. A. (1989). Retention deficits produced in monkeys with reversible cold lesions in the prestriate cortex: Behavioural Brain Research Vol 32(3) Apr 1989, 219-230.
  • Matsuoka, N., Arakawa, H., Kodama, H., & Yamaguchi, I. (1998). Characterization of stress-induced sudden death in cardiomyopathic hamsters: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Vol 284(1) Jan 1998, 125-135.
  • Mauderli, A. P., Vierck, C. J., Jr., Cannon, R. L., Rodrigues, A., & Shen, C. (2003). Relationships Between Skin Temperature and Temporal Summation of Heat and Cold Pain: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 90(1) Jul 2003, 100-109.
  • McAndrew, F. T. (1978). Memory disruption in mice following immersion in cold water: Journal of General Psychology Vol 99(1) Jul 1978, 151-152.
  • McCaig, R. H., & Gooderson, C. Y. (1986). Ergonomic and physiological aspects of military operations in a cold wet climate: Ergonomics Vol 29(7) Jul 1986, 849-857.
  • McCaul, K. D. (1980). Sensory information, fear level, and reactions to pain: Journal of Personality Vol 48(4) Dec 1980, 494-504.
  • McCaul, K. D., Monson, N., & Maki, R. H. (1992). Does distraction reduce pain-produced distress among college students? : Health Psychology Vol 11(4) 1992, 210-217.
  • McNamara, M. C., & Riedesel, M. L. (1973). Memory and hibernation in Citellus lateralis: Science Vol 179(4068) Jan 1973, 92-94.
  • Meigal, A. Y., Gerasimova, L. I., Zolotova, E. V., & Lupandin, Y. V. (1997). Voluntary recruiting of motor units under conditions of cold shivering: Human Physiology Vol 23(6) Nov-Dec 1997, 701-705.
  • Melin, B., & Fagerstrom, K.-O. (1996). A one year follow-up of a placebo controlled behavioural treatment of peripheral vasospasm: Scandinavian Journal of Behaviour Therapy Vol 25(1) 1996, 27-35.
  • Mendelson, J., Zielke, S., Werner, J. S., & Freed, L. M. (1973). Effects of airstream accessibility on airlicking in the rat: Physiology & Behavior Vol 11(2) Aug 1973, 125-130.
  • Mengel, M. K. C., Stiefenhofer, A. E., Jyvasjarvi, E., & Kniffki, K.-D. (1993). Pain sensation during cold stimulation of the teeth: Differential reflection of A!d and C fibre activity? : Pain Vol 55(2) Nov 1993, 159-169.
  • Mikail, S. F., Vandeursen, J., & von Baeyer, C. (1986). Rating pain or rating serenity: Effects on cold-pressor pain tolerance: Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des Sciences du comportement Vol 18(2) Apr 1986, 126-132.
  • Miller, A., Barr, R. G., & Young, S. N. (1994). The cold pressor test in children: Methodological aspects and the analgesic effect of intraoral sucrose: Pain Vol 56(2) Feb 1994, 175-183.
  • Misanin, J. R., Wilson, H. A., Schwarz, P. R., Tuschak, J. B., & Hinderliter, C. F. (1998). Low body temperature affects associative processes in long-trace conditioned flavor aversion: Physiology & Behavior Vol 65(3) Dec 1998, 581-590.
  • Mistlberger, R. E., Marchant, E. G., & Sinclair, S. V. (1996). Nonphotic phase-shifting and the motivation to run: Cold exposure reexamined: Journal of Biological Rhythms Vol 11(3) Fal 1996, 208-215.
  • Mitchell, L. A., MacDonald, R. A. R., & Brodie, E. E. (2004). Temperature and the Cold Pressor Test: The Journal of Pain Vol 5(4) May 2004, 233-238.
  • Mittleman, K. D., Doubt, T. J., & Gravitz, M. A. (1992). Influence of self-induced hypnosis on thermal responses during immersion in 25C water: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 63(8) Aug 1992, 689-695.
  • Molotchnikoff, S., & Tremblay, F. (1986). Visual cortex controls retinal output in the rat: Brain Research Bulletin Vol 17(1) Jul 1986, 21-32.
  • Montandon, H. E. (1976). An experimental investigation of the Kirlian phenomenon: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Moran, E. F. (1981). Human adaptation to Arctic zones: Annual Review of Anthropology Vol 10 1981, 1-25.
  • Moran, T. H., Zern, K. A., Pearlson, G. D., Kubos, K. L., & Robinson, R. G. (1986). Cold water stress abolishes hyperactivity produced by cortical suction lesions without altering noradrenergic depletion: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 100(3) Jun 1986, 422-426.
  • Morimoto, A., Nakamori, T., Ono, T., Watanabe, T., & et al. (1986). Changes in: Physiology & Behavior Vol 38(2) 1986, 275-282.
  • Morita, Y., Meyer-Rochow, V. B., & Uchida, K. (1997). Absolute and spectral sensitivities in dark- and light-adapted Pagothenia borchgrevinki, an Antarctic nototheniid fish: Physiology & Behavior Vol 61(2) Feb 1997, 159-163.
  • Morrison, G. E., & van der Kooy, D. (1997). Cold shock before associative conditioning blocks memory retrieval, but cold shock after conditioning blocks memory retention: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 111(3) Jun 1997, 564-578.
  • Moser, E. I., & Andersen, P. (1994). Conserved spatial learning in cooled rats in spite of slowing of dentate field potentials: Journal of Neuroscience Vol 14(7) Jul 1994, 4458-4466.
  • Moshkin, M. P., Potapov, M. A., Frolova, O. F., & Evsikov, V. I. (1993). Changes in aggressive behavior, thermoregulation, and endocrine responses in BALB/cLac and C57Bl/6J mice under cold exposure: Physiology & Behavior Vol 53(3) Mar 1993, 535-538.
  • Moyer, J. A. (1987). The effects of predicted versus actual performance responses on motor tasks with implications to vocational education and rehabilitation: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Mrosovsky, N., & Biello, S. M. (1994). Nonphotic phase shifting in the old and the cold: Chronobiology International Vol 11(4) Aug 1994, 232-252.
  • Muhlberger, A., Wieser, M. J., Kenntner-Mabiala, R., Pauli, P., & Wiederhold, B. K. (2007). Pain modulation during drives through cold and hot virtual environments: CyberPsychology & Behavior Vol 10(4) Aug 2007, 516-522.
  • Muller, C. B., & Schmid-Hempel, P. (1993). Exploitation of cold temperature as defence against parasitoids in bumblebees: Nature Vol 363(6424) May 1993, 65-67.
  • Munson, D. M. (1980). The clothing selection and thermal response of college students in a 65Phi indoor environment: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Murray, F. S., & Weaver, M. M. (1975). Effects of ipsilateral and contralateral counterirritation on experimentally produced itch in human beings: Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology Vol 89(7) Sep 1975, 819-826.
  • Musante, L., Treiber, F. A., Strong, W. B., & Levy, M. (1990). Family history of hypertension and cardiovascular reactivity to forehead cold stimulation in Black male children: Journal of Psychosomatic Research Vol 34(1) 1990, 111-116.
  • Myrtek, M., & Spital, S. (1986). Psychophysiological response patterns to single, double, and triple stressors: Psychophysiology Vol 23(6) Nov 1986, 663-671.
  • Nagel, J. A., & Satinoff, E. (1980). Mild cold exposure increases survival in rats with medial preoptic lesions: Science Vol 208(4441) Apr 1980, 301-303.
  • Nagy, Z. M. (1966). Adaptation and persistence of adaptation to a cold stressor in mice: Psychonomic Science Vol 4(9) 1966, 329-330.
  • Nartsissov, R. P., Kuznetsova, M. N., Petrichuk, S. V., & Dukhova, E. N. (1995). Psychological substantiation of progress of schoolchildren in learning: Human Physiology Vol 21(3) May-Jun 1995, 238-240.
  • Natelson, B. H., Hoffman, S. L., & McKee, C. N. (1979). Duodenal pathology in rats following cold-restraint stress: Physiology & Behavior Vol 23(5) Nov 1979, 963-966.
  • Naumenko, E. V., Markel, A. L., Lurie, S. B., & Kazin, E. M. (1985). Circadian adrenocortical periodicity changes in adult rats stimulated during early development: II. Effect of cold stress: Chronobiology International Vol 2(4) 1985, 253-259.
  • Neil, A., Attal, N., & Guilbaud, G. (1991). Effects of guanethidine on sensitization to natural stimuli and self-mutilating behaviour in rats with a peripheral neuropathy: Brain Research Vol 565(2) Nov 1991, 237-246.
  • Nishita, J. K., Ellinwood, E. H., & Rockwell, W. J. (1984). Thermographic evaluation of abnormal temperature responses to cold in anorexia nervosa: Preliminary evidence for brown fat? : Research Communications in Psychology, Psychiatry & Behavior Vol 9(4) 1984, 411-422.
  • Nitschke, W. R. (1976). Ultrasounds of cold-stressed infants and maternal responsiveness: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Noirot, E. (1972). Ultrasounds and maternal behavior in small rodents: Developmental Psychobiology Vol 5(4) 1972, 371-387.
  • Nukina, I., Glavin, G. B., & LaBella, F. S. (1987). Acute cold-restraint stress affects !a-sub-2-adrenoceptors in specific brain regions of the rat: Brain Research Vol 401(1) Jan 1987, 30-33.
  • O'Brien, C., Mahoney, C., Tharion, W. J., Sils, I. V., & Castellani, J. W. (2007). Dietary tyrosine benefits cognitive and psychomotor performance during body cooling: Physiology & Behavior Vol 90(2-3) Feb 2007, 301-307.
  • O'Brien, C., Tharion, W. J., Sils, I. V., & Castellani, J. W. (2007). Cognitive, psychomotor, and physical performance in cold air after cooling by exercise in cold water: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 78(6) Jun 2007, 568-573.
  • O'Brien, J. H., & Phillips, D. S. (1976). Recovery of cortical responses following localized cooling in the thalamus: Physiology & Behavior Vol 17(4) Oct 1976, 631-633.
  • O'Brien, J. H., & Rosenblum, S. M. (1974). Contribution of nonspecific thalamus to sensory evoked activity in cat postcruciate cortex: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 37(3) May 1974, 430-442.
  • Ochoa, J. L., & Yarnitsky, D. (1994). The triple cold syndrome: Cold hyperalgesia, cold hypoaesthesia and cold skin in peripheral nerve disease: Brain: A Journal of Neurology Vol 117(1) Feb 1994, 185-197.
  • Ohara, H., Kawamura, M., Aonuma, S., Fukuhara, K., Yoneda, R., & Oomura, Y. (1992). Mechanism of hyperalgesia in SART-stressed animals: Effect of Neurotropin. Philadelphia, PA, England: Gordon & Breach Science Publishers.
  • Ohtani, N., Sugano, T., & Ohta, M. (1999). Alterations in monoamines and GABA in the ventromedial and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus following cold exposure: A reduction in noradrenaline induces hyperphagia: Brain Research Vol 842(1) Sep 1999, 6-14.
  • Okazawa, M., Takao, K., Hori, A., Shiraki, T., Matsumura, K., & Kobayashi, S. (2002). Ionic basis of cold receptors acting as thermostats: Journal of Neuroscience Vol 22(10) May 2002, 3994-4001.
  • Okuda, C., Saito, A., Miyazaki, M., & Kuriyama, K. (1986). Alteration of the turnover of dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine in rat brain associated with hypothermia: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 24(1) Jan 1986, 79-83.
  • Ollove, M. B. (1981). Anticipatory thermoregulation in the rat: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Omata, K. (1990). Behavior and body weight changes under intermittent exposure to cold in C57BL/6J mice: Physiology & Behavior Vol 47(4) Apr 1990, 743-748.
  • Omiya, Y., Goto, K., Ishige, A., & Komatsu, Y. (2000). Changes in analgesia-producing mechanism of repeated cold stress loading in mice: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 65(2) Feb 2000, 261-266.
  • Opper, C., Hennig, J., Clement, C., Laschefski, U., & et al. (1995). Lowering of body temperature affects human platelet functions and norepinephrine release: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 51(2-3) Jun-Jul 1995, 217-221.
  • Orlando, R. C., Hernandez, D. E., Prange, A. J., & Nemeroff, C. B. (1985). Role of the autonomic nervous system in the cytoprotective effect of neurotensin against gastric stress ulcers in rats: Psychoneuroendocrinology Vol 10(2) 1985, 149-157.
  • Orr, S. P., Meyerhoff, J. L., Edwards, J. V., & Pitman, R. K. (1998). Heart rate and blood pressure resting levels and responses to generic stressors in Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: Journal of Traumatic Stress Vol 11(1) Jan 1998, 155-164.
  • Ossenkopp, K.-P., & Mazmanian, D. S. (1985). Some behavioral factors related to the effects of cold-restraint stress in rats: A factor analytic-multiple regression approach: Physiology & Behavior Vol 34(6) Jun 1985, 935-941.
  • Oxenkrug, G. F., & McIntyre, I. M. (1985). Stress-induced synthesis of melatonin: Possible involvement of the endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor (tribulin): Life Sciences Vol 37(18) Nov 1985, 1743-1746.
  • Palca, J. W. (1983). Effects of cold ambient temperature on human sleep, metabolism, and thermoregulation: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Palinkas, L. A., & Houseal, M. (2000). Stages of change in mood and behavior during a winter in Antarctica: Environment and Behavior Vol 32(1) Jan 2000, 128-141.
  • Palinkas, L. A., Makinen, T. M., Paakkonen, T., Rintamaki, H., Leppaluoto, J., & Hassi, J. (2005). Influence of seasonally adjusted exposure to cold and darkness on cognitive performance in circumpolar residents: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology Vol 46(3) Jul 2005, 239-246.
  • Palma, B. D., Suchecki, D., & Tufik, S. (2000). Differential effects of acute cold and footshock on the sleep of rats: Brain Research Vol 861(1) Apr 2000, 97-104.
  • Palmieri-Smith, R. M., Leonard-Frye, J. L., Garrison, C. J., Weltman, A., & Ingersoll, C. D. (2007). Peripheral joint cooling increases spinal reflex excitability and serum norepinephrine: International Journal of Neuroscience Vol 117(2) Feb 2007, 229-242.
  • Panjwani, U., Singh, S. B., Harinath, K., Yadav, D. K., & Selvamurthy, W. (1999). Effect of stress on somatosensory evoked potentials: Stress Medicine Vol 15(1) Jan 1999, 35-40.
  • Pare, W. P. (1977). Body temperature and the activity-stress ulcer in the rat: Physiology & Behavior Vol 18(2) Feb 1977, 219-223.
  • Parsons, K. (1990). Human response to thermal environments: Principles and methods. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.
  • Patil, P. G., Apfelbaum, J. L., & Zacny, J. P. (1995). Effects of a cold-water stressor on psychomotor and cognitive functioning in humans: Physiology & Behavior Vol 58(6) Dec 1995, 1281-1286.
  • Payne, J. H. (1972). Cockroaches, Periplaneta americana: A preliminary frigid study: Journal of Biological Psychology Vol 14(2) Dec 1972, 36-37.
  • Pease, D. G., Ludwig, D. A., Green, E. B., & Millslagle, D. G. (1980). Immediate and follow-up effects of cold on performance time and its components, reaction time and movement time: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 50(2) Apr 1980, 667-675.
  • Peckerman, A., Hurwitz, B. E., Saab, P. G., Llabre, M. M., & et al. (1994). Stimulus dimensions of the cold pressor test and the associated patterns of cardiovascular response: Psychophysiology Vol 31(3) May 1994, 282-290.
  • Peckerman, A., Saab, P. G., McCabe, P. M., Skyler, J. S., & et al. (1991). Blood pressure reactivity and perception of pain during the forehead cold pressor test: Psychophysiology Vol 28(5) Sep 1991, 485-495.
  • Perlman, D. (1981). The use of imagery in enhancing toleration of noxious stimulation: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Pfister, J. F. (1991). The development of responses to hot and cold challenges in the Norway rat: Preferences, regulation, and learning: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Pilcher, J. J., Nadler, E., & Busch, C. (2002). Effects of hot and cold temperature on performance: A meta-analytic review: Ergonomics Vol 45(10) Aug 2002, 682-698.
  • Pina-Crespo, J. C., & Dalo, N. L. (2006). Activity of common anticonvulsant drugs on spinal seizure-induced by sudden cooling: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry Vol 30(7) Sep 2006, 1202-1208.
  • Pirec, V., Patterson, T. H., Thapar, P., Apfelbaum, J. L., & et al. (1995). Effects of subanesthetic concentrations of nitrous oxide on cold-pressor pain in humans: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 51(2-3) Jun-Jul 1995, 323-329.
  • Podivinsky, F., & Jergelova, M. (1983). Effect of vestibular caloric stimulation of the H-reflex in hemiparetic patients with focal ischemia of the brain: Activitas Nervosa Superior Vol 25(1) 1983, 31-36.
  • Polianskis, R., Graven-Nielsen, T., & Arendt-Nielsen, L. (2002). Modality-specific facilitation and adaptation to painful tonic stimulation in humans: European Journal of Pain Vol 6(6) Dec 2002, 475-484.
  • Popovic, M., Popovic, N., Bokonjic, D., & Dobric, S. (1997). Cold restraint-induced gastric lesions in individual- and group-stressed rats: International Journal of Neuroscience Vol 91(1-2) 1997, 1-10.
  • Posner, J., & et al. (1985). Effects of an opiate on cold-induced pain and the CNS in healthy volunteers: Pain Vol 23(1) Sep 1985, 73-82.
  • Potter, J. J., Yan, X. W., Krug, N. S., Kuivinen, K. C., & England, M. E. (1998). Polar field tent shelters and well-being of users: Environment and Behavior Vol 30(3) May 1998, 398-420.
  • Poulton, E. C., Hitchings, N. B., & Brooke, R. B. (1965). Effect of cold and rain upon the vigilance of lookouts: Ergonomics 8(2) 1965, 163-168.
  • Prystav, G. H. (1976). Electrodermal, cardiac, and respiratory activity to repeated cold pressor stimulation in drug addicts: Journal of General Psychology Vol 94(2) Apr 1976, 259-270.
  • Puchalski, W., Bulova, S. J., Lynch, C. B., & Lynch, G. R. (1988). Photoperiod, temperature and melatonin effects on thermoregulatory behavior in Djungarian hamsters: Physiology & Behavior Vol 42(2) 1988, 173-177.
  • Quinn, W. G., & Dudai, Y. (1976). Memory phases in Drosophila: Nature Vol 262(5569) Aug 1976, 576-577.
  • Quintana, J., Fuster, J. M., & Yajeya, J. (1989). Effects of cooling parietal cortex on prefrontal units in delay tasks: Brain Research Vol 503(1) Nov 1989, 100-110.
  • Quirce, C. M., Maickel, R. P., & Odio Yglesias, M. (1980). Changes in glucose metabolism in Swiss-Webster rats due to pretreatment with various noxious agents: Revista Latinoamericana de Psicologia Vol 12(3) 1980, 521-526.
  • Quirce, C. M., Odio Yglesias, M., Solano N, J. M., & Maickel, R. P. (1981). Non-uniform reactions of the General Adaptation Syndrome: Revista Latinoamericana de Psicologia Vol 13(1) 1981, 37-50.
  • Rae, G. A., Souza, R. L., & Takahashi, R. N. (1986). Methylnalorphinium fails to reverse naloxone-sensitive stress-induced analgesia in mice: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 24(4) Apr 1986, 829-832.
  • Rammsayer, T., Hennig, J., Bahner, E., von Georgi, R., & et al. (1993). Lowering of body core temperature by exposure to a cold environment and by a 5-HT-sub(1A ) agonist: Effects on physiological and psychological variables and blood serotonin levels: Neuropsychobiology Vol 28(1-2) 1993, 37-42.
  • Rammsayer, T. H., Bahner, E., & Netter, P. (1995). Effects of cold on human information processing: Application of a reaction time paradigm: Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science Vol 30(1) Jan-Mar 1995, 34-45.
  • Ramsey, J. D., Burford, C. L., Beshir, M. Y., & Jensen, R. C. (1983). Effects of workplace thermal conditions on safe work behavior: Journal of Safety Research Vol 14(3) Fal 1983, 105-114.
  • Reed, D. J., & Miller, A. D. (1978). Thermoelectric Peltier device for local cortical cooling: Physiology & Behavior Vol 20(2) Feb 1978, 209-211.
  • Refinetti, R. (1983). Thermoregulatory behaviour of Budgerigars in a cold environment: Bird Behavior Vol 4(2) Apr 1983, 90-92.
  • Riccio, D. C., & Hamm, R. J. (1972). Increased resistance to punishment produced by adaptation to a cold stressor: Physiology & Behavior Vol 9(2) Aug 1972, 209-212.
  • Riccio, D. C., MacArdy, E. A., & Kissinger, S. C. (1991). Associative processes in adaptation to repeated cold exposure in rats: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 105(4) Aug 1991, 599-602.
  • Riley, M. W., & Cochran, D. J. (1984). Dexterity performance and reduced ambient temperature: Human Factors Vol 26(2) Apr 1984, 207-214.
  • Rivest, R. W., Roberts, K. D., & Lepore, F. (1979). The pineal gland and stress: Effect of pineal stalk section on the plasma corticosteroid response to cold in rabbits: Psychological Reports Vol 44(3, Pt 1) Jun 1979, 883-890.
  • Roberts, J. S. (1985). Similar effects of cold adaptation and exercise training on growth, maximum aerobic capacity, and metabolism in young rats: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Rockman, G. E., Hall, A., Hong, J., & Glavin, G. B. (1987). Unpredictable cold-immobilization stress effects on voluntary ethanol consumption in rats: Life Sciences Vol 40(13) Mar 1987, 1245-1251.
  • Roder, J. K., Roder, J. C., & Gerlai, R. (1996). Memory and the effect of cold shock in the water maze in S100beta transgenic mice: Physiology & Behavior Vol 60(2) Aug 1996, 611-615.
  • Roelofs, W. L., & et al. (1982). Sex pheromone of the winter moth, a geometrid with unusually low temperature precopulatory responses: Science Vol 217(4560) Aug 1982, 657-659.
  • Rogers, W. H., & Noddin, E. M. (1984). Manual performance in the cold with gloves and bare hands: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 59(1) Aug 1984, 3-13.
  • Rome, L. C., Loughna, P. T., & Goldspink, G. (1985). Temperature acclimation: Improved sustained swimming performance in carp at low temperatures: Science Vol 228(4696) Apr 1985, 194-196.
  • Romero, M.-T. (1988). Gender differences in analgesic processes in rats: Influence of gonadal and hormonal factors: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Romero, M.-T., & Bodnar, R. J. (1986). Gender differences in two forms of cold-water swim analgesia: Physiology & Behavior Vol 37(6) 1986, 893-897.
  • Romero, M.-T., Kepler, K. L., Cooper, M. L., Komisaruk, B. R., & et al. (1987). Modulation of gender-specific effects upon swim analgesia in gonadectomized rats: Physiology & Behavior Vol 40(1) 1987, 39-45.
  • Rosenbaum, M. (1980). Individual differences in self-control behaviors and tolerance of painful stimulation: Journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol 89(4) Aug 1980, 581-590.
  • Rosenblum, S. M., & O'Brien, J. H. (1977). A cryogenic study of cortical conditioning changes: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 40(4) Jul 1977, 957-967.
  • Ross, D. R., Lewin, R., Gold, K., Ghuman, H. S., & et al. (1988). The psychiatric uses of cold wet sheet packs: American Journal of Psychiatry Vol 145(2) Feb 1988, 242-245.
  • Ross, R. M. (1979). Analgesic effects of acupuncture, relaxation, and guided-imagery in cold-pressor pain: A controlled evaluation: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Ross, S. J., Shimabukuro, C. S., & Dixon, P. W. (1992). Irradiation and cold exposure in learning and exploratory behaviour of the ants, Monomorium floricola and Monomorium pharaonis: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 75(3, Pt 1) Dec 1992, 963-969.
  • Rothman, S. M., Smyth, M. D., Yang, X.-F., & Peterson, G. P. (2005). Focal cooling for epilepsy: An alternative therapy that might actually work: Epilepsy & Behavior Vol 7(2) Sep 2005, 214-221.
  • Rowe, J. L. (2004). The role of catastrophizing and depression in the prediction of affective, behavioral, and cognitive responses to cold pressor pain. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Rowland, N. (1984). Effects of chronic cold exposure on wheel running, food intake and fatty acid synthesis in Syrian hamsters: Physiology & Behavior Vol 33(2) Aug 1984, 253-256.
  • Roy, A., Guthrie, S., Pickar, D., & Linnoila, M. (1987). Plasma norepinephrine responses to cold challenge in depressed patients and normal controls: Psychiatry Research Vol 21(2) Jun 1987, 161-168.
  • Rozsa, A. J., & Kenshalo, D. R. (1977). Bilateral spatial summation of cooling of symmetrical sites: Perception & Psychophysics Vol 21(5) May 1977, 455-462.
  • Rubens, A. B. (1985). Caloric stimulation and unilateral visual neglect: Neurology Vol 35(7) Jul 1985, 1019-1024.
  • Rubin, L. S., & Barry, T. J. (1972). The effect of the cold pressor test on pupillary reactivity of schizophrenics in remission: Biological Psychiatry Vol 5(2) Oct 1972, 181-197.
  • Rubley, M. D., Holcomb, W. R., & Guadagnoli, M. A. (2003). Time Course of Habituation After Repeated Ice-Bath Immersion of the Ankle: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation Vol 12(4) Nov 2003, 323-332.
  • Ruiz, J. M., Uchino, B. N., & Smith, T. W. (2006). Hostility and sex differences in the magnitude, duration, and determinants of heart rate response to forehead cold pressor: Parasympathetic aspects of risk: International Journal of Psychophysiology Vol 60(3) Jun 2006, 274-283.
  • Saab, P. G., Llabre, M. M., Hurwitz, B. E., Schneiderman, N., & et al. (1993). The cold pressor test: Vascular and myocardial response patterns and their stability: Psychophysiology Vol 30(4) Jul 1993, 366-373.
  • Sabbot, I., & Costin, A. (1974). Cold stress induced changes in the uptake distribution of radiolabelled magnesium in the brain and pituitary of the rat: Experientia Vol 30(8) 1974, 905-906.
  • Sabourin, M., & Ducharme, R. (1973). Instrumental activity of thermoregulation and cardiac rhythm of albino rats: Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Vol 27(1) Mar 1973, 103-111.
  • Salsbury, K. G., & Horel, J. A. (1983). A cryogenic implant for producing reversible functional brain lesions: Behavior Research Methods & Instrumentation Vol 15(4) Aug 1983, 433-436.
  • Salzen, E. A., & Tomlin, F. J. (1963). The effect of cold on the following response of domestic fowl: Animal Behaviour 11(1) 1963, 62-65.
  • Sampson, J. B. (1976). The influence of psychosocial variables on the emotional and finger temperature responses to acute cold exposure: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Santucci, A. C., Riccio, D. C., & Treichler, F. R. (1989). Role of ACTH in recovery from retrograde amnesia induced by hypothermia in rats: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 103(6) Dec 1989, 1267-1275.
  • Sasaki, K., & Gemba, H. (1987). Effects of cooling the prefrontal and prestriate cortex upon visually initiated hand movements in the monkey: Brain Research Vol 415(2) Jul 1987, 362-366.
  • Satinoff, E. (1977). Quinine-induced hypothermia in cold-exposed rats: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 6(5) May 1977, 539-543.
  • Satinoff, E., Valentino, D., & Teitelbaum, P. (1976). Thermoregulatory cold-defense deficits in rats with preoptic/anterior hypothalamic lesions: Brain Research Bulletin Vol 1(6) Nov-Dec 1976, 553-565.
  • Sato, H., Yamasaki, K., Yasukouchi, A., Watanuki, S., & et al. (1988). Sex differences in human thermoregulatory response to cold: Journal of Human Ergology Vol 17(1) Sep 1988, 57-65.
  • Saumet, J.-L., Chery-Croze, S., & Duclaux, R. (1985). Response of cat skin mechanothermal nociceptors to cold stimulation: Brain Research Bulletin Vol 15(5) Nov 1985, 529-532.
  • Savory, C. J. (1986). Influence of ambient temperature on feeding activity parameters and digestive function in domestic fowls: Physiology & Behavior Vol 38(3) 1986, 353-357.
  • Schapiro, H., McDougal, H. D., Albert, I., & Boone, D. H. (1978). The effect of visual deprivation on gastrointestinal ulceration: Physiology & Behavior Vol 21(5) Nov 1978, 705-709.
  • Scheepens, C. J., Hessing, M. J., Laarakker, E., Schouten, W. G., & et al. (1991). Influences of intermittent daily draught on the behaviour of weaned pigs: Applied Animal Behaviour Science Vol 31(1-2) Jul 1991, 69-82.
  • Scherbakov, V. I., Shvachkina, M. T., & Yashnova, O. K. (1975). Spatial perception of stimuli under unilateral inactivation of the temporal neocortex by cold: Zhurnal Vysshei Nervnoi Deyatel'nosti Vol 25(1) Jan-Feb 1975, 144-148.
  • Schiller, P. H., & Malpeli, J. G. (1977). The effect of striate cortex cooling on area 18 cells in the monkey: Brain Research Vol 126(2) 1977, 366-369.
  • Schmidt, I., Stahl, J., Kaul, R., & Carlisle, H. J. (1986). Cold-rearing normalized capacity for norepinephrine-stimulated thermogenesis but not body temperature in 16-day-old fatty Zucker rats: Life Sciences Vol 38(2) Jan 1986, 129-136.
  • Schmied, A., Amalric, M., Dormont, J. F., Conde, H., & et al. (1988). Participation of the red nucleus in motor initiation: Unit recording and cooling in cats: Behavioural Brain Research Vol 28(1-2) Apr-May 1988, 207-216.
  • Schneider, J. E., & Wade, G. N. (1991). Effects of ambient temperature and body fat content on maternal litter reduction in Syrian hamsters: Physiology & Behavior Vol 49(1) Jan 1991, 135-139.
  • Schneider, R. J. (1982). Low temperature stimulation augments early wave component of somatosensory evoked response in humans and Macaca mulatta monkeys: Pain Vol 13(1) May 1982, 87-106.
  • Scott, D. S., & Leonard, C. F. (1978). Modification of pain threshold by the covert reinforcement procedure and a cognitive strategy: Psychological Record Vol 28(1) Win 1978, 49-57.
  • Selden, N. R., Cole, B. J., Everitt, B. J., & Robbins, T. W. (1990). Damage to ceruleo-cortical noradrenergic projections impairs locally cued but enhances spatially cued water maze acquisition: Behavioural Brain Research Vol 39(1) Jun 1990, 29-51.
  • Sersen, E. A., Clausen, J., & Lidsky, A. (1978). Autonomic specificity and stereotypy revisited: Psychophysiology Vol 15(1) Jan 1978, 60-67.
  • Sewitch, D. E., Kittrell, E. M., Kupfer, D. J., & Reynolds, C. F. (1986). Body temperature and sleep architecture in response to a mild cold stress in women: Physiology & Behavior Vol 36(5) 1986, 951-957.
  • Shabanov, P. D., Chemeris, T. I., & Yaichnikov, I. K. (1991). Passive avoidance response in conditions of cold environment: Homeostasis in Health and Disease Vol 33(4) Dec 1991, 208-210.
  • Shair, H. N., Masmela, J. R., Brunelli, S. A., & Hofer, M. A. (1997). Potentiation and inhibition of ultrasonic vocalization of rat pups: Regulation by social cues: Developmental Psychobiology Vol 30(3) Apr 1997, 195-200.
  • Shu, J. (1993). Modulation of cellular immune responses by cold water stress in the rat: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Shurtleff, D., Thomas, J. R., Ahlers, S. T., & Schrot, J. (1993). Tyrosine ameliorates a cold-induced delayed matching-to-sample performance decrement in rats: Psychopharmacology Vol 112(2-3) Sep 1993, 228-232.
  • Shurtleff, D., Thomas, J. R., Schrot, J., Kowalski, K., & et al. (1994). Tyrosine reverses a cold-induced working memory deficit in humans: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 47(4) Apr 1994, 935-941.
  • Simone, D. A., & Kajander, K. C. (1997). Responses of cutaneous A-fiber nociceptors to noxious cold: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 77(4) Apr 1997, 2049-2060.
  • Siri, F. M., & Kauer, C. D. (1985). Plasma catecholamine measurements in resting and stressed conscious rats, using high performance liquid chromatograpy with electrochemical detection: Life Sciences Vol 37(20) Nov 1985, 1923-1931.
  • Slone, M., Tredoux, C., & Bokhorst, F. (1990). The developmental progression of children's knowledge constructions for heating and cooling: Journal of Genetic Psychology Vol 151(2) Jun 1990, 255-266.
  • Smolander, J., Mikkelsson, M., Oksa, J., Westerlund, T., Leppaluoto, J., & Huttunen, P. (2004). Thermal sensation and comfort in women exposed repeatedly to whole-body cryotherapy and winter swimming in ice-cold water: Physiology & Behavior Vol 82(4) Sep 2004, 691-695.
  • Snyder, G. L., & Stricker, E. M. (1985). Effects of lateral hypothalamic lesions on food intake of rats during exposure to cold: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 99(2) Apr 1985, 310-322.
  • Sobocinska, J., & Kozlowski, S. (1987). Osmotic thirst suppression in dogs exposed to low ambient temperature: Physiology & Behavior Vol 40(2) 1987, 171-175.
  • Sokoloff, G., & Blumberg, M. S. (1997). Thermogenic, respiratory, and ultrasonic responses of week-old rats across the transition from moderate to extreme cold exposure: Developmental Psychobiology Vol 30(3) Apr 1997, 181-194.
  • Sokoloff, G., & Blumberg, M. S. (1998). Active sleep in cold-exposed infant Norway rats and Syrian golden hamsters: The role of brown adipose tissue thermogenesis: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 112(3) Jun 1998, 695-706.
  • Sokoloff, G., & Blumberg, M. S. (2002). Contributions of endothermy to huddling behavior in infant Norway rats ( Rattus norvegicus) and Syrian golden hamsters ( Mesocricetus auratus): Journal of Comparative Psychology Vol 116(3) Sep 2002, 240-246.
  • Sokoloff, G., Blumberg, M. S., & Adams, M. M. (2000). A comparative analysis of huddling in infant Norway rats and Syrian golden hamsters: Does endothermy modulate behavior? : Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 114(3) Jun 2000, 585-593.
  • Soroko, S. I. (1981). Structural changes in the EEG during adaptation in Antarctica: Human Physiology Vol 7(5) Sep-Oct 1981, 401-408.
  • Soumireu-Mourat, B., Destrade, C., & Cardo, B. (1974). Deep hypothermia in mice: Effect of the interval between learning and treatment: Physiology & Behavior Vol 13(3) Sep 1974, 471-473.
  • Speiser, Z., & Weinstock, M. (1976). Reduction by propranolol of raised urinary output of MHPG in hyperactive rats: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 4(5) May 1976, 531-534.
  • Spiers, D. E., Kelleher, S. A., & Eichen, P. A. (1996). Ethanol effect on activation and maintenance of cold stress response in immature rats: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 54(3) Jul 1996, 555-564.
  • Staats, P., Hekmat, H., & Staats, A. (1998). Suggestion/Placebo effects on pain: Negative as well as positive: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management Vol 15(4) Apr 1998, 235-243.
  • Stein, B. E. (1978). Nonequivalent visual, auditory, and somatic corticotectal influences in cat: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 41(1) Jan 1978, 55-64.
  • Steinberg, H. (1979). The weather and psychopathology: Hillside Journal of Clinical Psychiatry Vol 1(2) 1979, 231-243.
  • Steinman, J. L., Faris, P. L., Mann, P. E., Olney, J. W., & et al. (1990). Antagonism of morphine analgesia by nonopioid cold-water swim analgesia: Direct evidence for collateral inhibition: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews Vol 14(1) Spr 1990, 1-7.
  • Stevens, J. C., & Stevens, S. S. (1960). Warmth and cold: Dynamics of sensory intensity: Journal of Experimental Psychology Vol 60(3) Sep 1960, 183-192.
  • Stevens, M. J. (1982). The effects of covert positive reinforcement in modifying cold-pressor pain: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Stillman, M. J., Shukitt-Hale, B., Levy, A., & Lieberman, H. R. (1998). Spatial memory under acute cold and restraint stress: Physiology & Behavior Vol 64(5) Jul 1998, 605-609.
  • Stolk, J. M., & et al. (1974). A comparison of psychotomimetic drug effects on rat brain norepinephrine: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Vol 189(1) Apr 1974, 42-50.
  • Stone, R. A., Kirshner, N., Gunnells, J. C., & Robinson, R. R. (1974). Changes of plasma dopamine b-hydroxylase activity and other plasma constituents during the cold pressor test: Life Sciences Vol 14(9) May 1974, 1797-1805.
  • Storrie-Baker, H. J., Segalowitz, S. J., Black, S. E., McLean, J. A. G., & et al. (1997). Improvement of hemispatial neglect with cold-water calorics: An electrophysiological test of the arousal hypothesis of neglect: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society Vol 3(4) Jul 1997, 394-402.
  • Subotnik, K. L., & Shapiro, D. (1984). Heart rate biofeedback and cold pressor pain: Effects of expectancy: Biofeedback & Self Regulation Vol 9(1) Mar 1984, 55-75.
  • Sudakov, K. V., Sinitchkin, V. V., & Khasanov, A. A. (1988). Systemic responses in man exposed to different heating and cooling treatment in a sauna: Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science Vol 23(3) Jul-Sep 1988, 89-94.
  • Sullivan, A. H., & Verda, D. J. (1930). The experiential fusion of warmth and cold in heat: Journal of Experimental Psychology Vol 13(2) Apr 1930, 208-216.
  • Sult, S. C. (1985). The effects of cigarette smoking on perception of electrical stimulation and cold pressor pain: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Swiergiel, A. H. (1987). Decrease in body temperature and locomotor activity as an adaptational response in piglets exposed to cold on restricted feeding: Physiology & Behavior Vol 40(1) 1987, 117-125.
  • Swiergiel, A. H., & Ingram, D. L. (1986). Effect of diet and temperature acclimation on thermoregulatory behaviour in piglets: Physiology & Behavior Vol 36(4) 1986, 637-642.
  • Szentgyorgyi, H., Kapusta, J., & Marchlewska-Koj, A. (2008). Ultrasonic calls of bank vole pups isolated and exposed to cold or to nest odor: Physiology & Behavior Vol 93(1-2) Jan 2008, 296-303.
  • Takahashi, K., Sato, J., & Mizumura, K. (2003). Responses of C-fiber low threshold mechanoreceptors and nociceptors to cold were facilitated in rats persistently inflamed and hypersensitive to cold: Neuroscience Research Vol 47(4) Dec 2003, 409-419.
  • Talan, M. I., & Engel, B. T. (1988). Habituation and dishabituation to repeated mild cold exposures in C57BL/6J mice: Physiology & Behavior Vol 44(6) 1988, 753-757.
  • Talan, M. I., & Engel, B. T. (1989). Effect of electrical stimulation of "rewarding" areas of the hypothalamus on habituation and dishabituation to repeated mild cold exposures in C57BL/6J mice: Physiology & Behavior Vol 45(3) Mar 1989, 603-606.
  • Talan, M. I., Engel, B. T., & Whitaker, J. R. (1984). Age-related decline in cold tolerance can be retarded by brain stimulation: Physiology & Behavior Vol 33(6) Dec 1984, 969-973.
  • Talan, M. I., Tatelman, H. M., & Engel, B. T. (1991). Cold tolerance and metabolic heat production in male C57BL/6J mice at different times of day: Physiology & Behavior Vol 50(3) Sep 1991, 613-616.
  • Talbot, J. D., Duncan, G. H., Bushnell, M. C., & Boyer, M. (1987). Diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNICs): Psychophysical evidence in man for intersegmental suppression of noxious heat perception by cold pressor pain: Pain Vol 30(2) Aug 1987, 221-232.
  • Tamura, R., Kondoh, T., Ono, T., Nishijo, H., & Torii, K. (2000). Effects of repeated cold stress on activity of hypothalamic neurons in rats during performance of operant licking task: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 84(6) Dec 2000, 2844-2858.
  • Tanaka, M., & et al. (1983). Thermal reaction and manual performance during cold exposure while wearing cold-protective clothing: Ergonomics Vol 26(2) Feb 1983, 141-149.
  • Tarpy, R. M., Walsh, M. K., & Van-Toller, C. (1973). Effects of cold stress on body temperature of immunosympathectomized mice: Physiology & Behavior Vol 11(3) Sep 1973, 411-413.
  • Taylor, A. J., & Duncum, K. (1987). Some cognitive effects of wintering-over in the Antarctic: New Zealand Journal of Psychology Vol 16(2) Dec 1987, 93-94.
  • Tazumi, T., Hori, E., Uwano, T., Umeno, K., Tanebe, K., Tabuchi, E., et al. (2005). Effects of prenatal maternal stress by repeated cold environment on behavioral and emotional development in the rat offspring: Behavioural Brain Research Vol 162(1) Jul 2005, 153-160.
  • Teichner, W. H., & Youngling, E. (1962). Acclimatization, habituation, motivation, and cold exposure: Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology Vol 55(3) Jun 1962, 322-326.
  • Teixeira, F., Pollock, M., Karim, A., & Jiang, Y. (2002). Use of antioxidants for the prophylaxis of cold-induced peripheral nerve injury: Military Medicine Vol 167(9) Sep 2002, 753-755.
  • Testa, G., & Gloor, P. (1974). Generalized penicillin epilepsy in the cat: Effect of midbrain cooling: Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology Vol 36(5) May 1974, 517-524.
  • Thomas, J. R., Ahlers, S. T., House, J. F., & Schrot, J. (1989). Repeated exposure to moderate cold impairs matching-to-sample performance: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 60(11) Nov 1989, 1063-1067.
  • Thomas, J. R., Ahlers, S. T., & Schrot, J. (1991). Cold-induced impairment of delayed matching in rats: Behavioral & Neural Biology Vol 55(1) Jan 1991, 19-30.
  • Thomas, J. R., Ahlers, S. T., & Shurtleff, D. (1991). Thermal stress modulates temporal patterns of responding on a multiple DRL-FR schedule: Physiology & Behavior Vol 50(2) Aug 1991, 437-442.
  • Tiest, W. M. B., & Kappers, A. M. L. (2008). Thermosensory reversal effect quantified: Acta Psychologica Vol 127(1) Jan 2008, 46-50.
  • Tikuisis, P., & Keefe, A. A. (2007). Effects of cold strain on simulated sentry duty and marksmanship: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 78(4, Sect 1) Apr 2007, 399-407.
  • Toner, M. M., Drolet, L. L., & Pandolf, K. B. (1986). Perceptual and physiological responses during exercise in cool and cold water: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 62(1) Feb 1986, 211-220.
  • Tozer, W. (1979). Underwater behavioural thermoregulation in the adult stonefly, Zapada cinctipes: Nature Vol 281(5732) Oct 1979, 566-567.
  • Tronick, E. Z., Thomas, R. B., & Daltabuit, M. (1994). The Quechua manta pouch: A caretaking practice for buffering the Peruvian infant against the multiple stressors of high altitude: Child Development Vol 65(4) Aug 1994, 1005-1013.
  • Tse, S. Y., & Wei, E. T. (1986). Inhibition of the shake response in rats by adenosine and 2-chloroadenosine: Psychopharmacology Vol 90(3) Oct 1986, 322-326.
  • Tsukamoto, N., & Watanabe, N. (2003). Pain sensation during exposure to noxious stimuli: The effects of preparatory information and coping: Japanese Journal of Health Psychology Vol 16(2) 2003, 20-29.
  • Tumer, N., & Larochelle, J. S. (1995). Tyrosine hydroxylase expression in rat adrenal medulla: Influence of age and cold: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 51(4) Aug 1995, 775-780.
  • Uno, M., Kozlovskaya, I. B., & Brooks, V. B. (1973). Effects of cooling interposed nuclei on tracking-task performance in monkeys: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 36(6) Nov 1973, 996-1003.
  • Urban, M. O., Hama, A. T., Bradbury, M., Anderson, J., Varney, M. A., & Bristow, L. (2003). Role of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5) in the maintenance of cold hypersensitivity following a peripheral mononeuropathy in the rat: Neuropharmacology Vol 44(8) Jun 2003, 983-993.
  • Vaernes, R. J., Knudsen, G., Pasche, A., Eide, I., & et al. (1988). Performance under simulated offshore climate conditions: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology Vol 29(2) 1988, 111-122.
  • van Ooijen, A. M. J., van Marken Lichtenbelt, W. D., van Steenhoven, A. A., & Westerterp, K. R. (2004). Seasonal changes in metabolic and temperature responses to cold air in humans: Physiology & Behavior Vol 82(2-3) Sep 2004, 545-553.
  • Van Orden, K. F., Benoit, S. L., & Osga, G. A. (1996). Effects of cold air stress on the performance of a command and control task: Human Factors Vol 38(1) Mar 1996, 130-141.
  • Van Zoeren, J. G., & Stricker, E. M. (1977). Effects of preoptic, lateral hypothalamic, or dopamine-depleting lesions on behavioral thermoregulation in rats exposed to the cold: Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology Vol 91(5) Oct 1977, 989-999.
  • Vardaris, R. M., Gaebelein, C., & Riccio, D. C. (1973). Retrograde amnesia from hypothermia-induced brain seizures: Physiological Psychology Vol 1(3) Sep 1973, 204-208.
  • Vaughan, W. S. (1977). Distraction effect of cold water on performance of higher-order tasks: Undersea Biomedical Research Vol 4(2) Jun 1977, 103-166.
  • Vaughan, W. S., & Mavor, A. S. (1972). Diver performance in controlling a wet submersible during four-hour exposures to cold water: Human Factors Vol 14(2) Apr 1972, 173-180.
  • Venables, P. H. (1996). Schizotypy and maternal exposure to influenza and to cold temperature: The Mauritius study: Journal of Abnormal Psychology Vol 105(1) Feb 1996, 53-60.
  • Vescovi, P. P., Casti, A., Michelini, M., Maninetti, L., & et al. (1992). Plasma ACTH, beta-endorphin, prolactin, growth hormone and luteinizing hormone levels after thermal stress, heat and cold: Stress Medicine Vol 8(3) Jul 1992, 187-191.
  • Villescas, R., Zamenhof, S., & Guthrie, D. (1979). The effects of early stress and undernutrition on the behavior of young adult rats and the correlations between behavioral and brain parameters: Physiology & Behavior Vol 23(5) Nov 1979, 945-954.
  • Vitulli, W. F., Mott, J. M., Quinn, J. M., los Kamp, K. L., & et al. (1986). Behavioral thermoregulation with microwave radiation of albino rats: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 62(3) Jun 1986, 831-840.
  • Vitulli, W. F., Rust, M. L., Quinn, J. M., & McNeil, M. J. (1991). Caffeine effects on behavioral thermoregulation: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 72(3, Pt 1) Jun 1991, 952-954.
  • Voytko, M. L. (1985). Cooling orbital frontal cortex disrupts matching-to-sample and visual discrimination learning in monkeys: Physiological Psychology Vol 13(4) Dec 1985, 219-229.
  • Waller, M. B., & Myers, R. D. (1976). Mobile apparatus for rapid cooling of a caged animal: Physiology & Behavior Vol 16(5) May 1976, 645-648.
  • Wang, Y., & Chambers, K. C. (2002). Cooling lesions of the lateral parabrachial nucleus during LiCl activation block acquisition of conditioned taste avoidance in male rats: Brain Research Vol 934(1) Apr 2002, 7-22.
  • Washington, L. L., Gibson, S. J., & Helme, R. D. (2000). Age-related differences in the endogenous analgesic response to repeated cold water immersion in human volunteers: Pain Vol 89(1) Dec 2000, 89-96.
  • Wei, E., Loh, H. H., & Way, E. L. (1973). Neuroanatomical correlates of wet shake behavior in the rat: Life Sciences Vol 12(11, Part 2) Jun 1973, 489-496.
  • Wei, E., Tseng, L. F., Loh, H., & Way, E. L. (1974). Similarity of morphine abstinence signs to thermoregulatory behaviour: Nature Vol 247(5440) Feb 1974, 398-400.
  • Weiss, K., Suedfeld, P., Steel, G. D., & Tanaka, M. (2000). Psychological adjustment during three Japanese Antarctic research expeditions: Environment and Behavior Vol 32(1) Jan 2000, 142-156.
  • West, T. F. (1999). The role of diminished cutaneous sensory information and cryotherapy on haptic determination of rod length. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Westcott, T. B., Huesz, L., Boswell, D., & Herold, P. (1977). Several variables of importance in the use of the cold pressor as a noxious stimulus in behavioral research: Perceptual and Motor Skills Vol 44(2) Apr 1977, 401-402.
  • Wetsel, W. C., Riccio, D. C., & Hinderliter, C. F. (1976). Effects of artificial rewarming upon hypothermia-induced retrograde amnesia: Physiological Psychology Vol 4(2) Jun 1976, 201-206.
  • Wiesenfeld, Z., & Hallin, R. G. (1981). Influence of nerve lesions, strain differences and continuous cold stress on chronic pain behavior in rats: Physiology & Behavior Vol 27(4) Oct 1981, 735-740.
  • Williams, D. A., & Thorn, B. E. (1986). Can research methodology affect treatment outcome? A comparison of two cold pressor test paradigms: Cognitive Therapy and Research Vol 10(5) Oct 1986, 539-545.
  • Williamson, D. K., Chrenko, F. A., & Hamley, E. J. (1984). A study of exposure to cold in cold stores: Applied Ergonomics Vol 15(1) Mar 1984, 25-30.
  • Wilson, B. L. (1985). Hemodynamic response patterning to cognitive and cold stressors: Mechanisms & modification with diazepam: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Wilson, J. R., & Howard, B. A. (1996). Effects of cold acclimation and central opioid processes on thermoregulation in rats: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 54(2) Jun 1996, 317-325.
  • Wissler, E. H. (2003). Probability of survival during accidental immersion in cold water: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine Vol 74(1) Jan 2003, 47-55.
  • Witting, N., Svensson, P., Arendt-Nielsen, L., & Jensen, T. S. (1998). Differential effect of painful heterotopic stimulation on capsaicin-induced pain and allodynia: Brain Research Vol 801(1-2) Aug 1998, 206-210.
  • Wolin, L. R., Massopust, L. C., & White, R. J. (1973). Behavioral effects of autocerebral perfusion, hypothermia and arrest of cerebral blood flow in the rhesus monkey: Experimental Neurology Vol 39(2) May 1973, 336-341.
  • Wood, J., Hysong, S. J., Lugg, D. J., & Harm, D. L. (2000). Is it really so bad? A comparison of positive and negative experiences in Antarctic winter stations: Environment and Behavior Vol 32(1) Jan 2000, 84-110.
  • Wooten, G. F., & Cardon, P. V. (1973). Plasma dopamine-b-hydroxylase activity: Archives of Neurology Vol 28(2) Feb 1973, 103-106.
  • Worthington, E. L., Martin, G. A., Shumate, M., & Carpenter, J. (1983). The effect of brief Lamaze training and social encouragement on pain endurance in a cold pressor tank: Journal of Applied Social Psychology Vol 13(3) May-Jun 1983, 223-233.
  • Wozniak, D. F., Finger, S., Blumenthal, H., & Poland, R. E. (1982). Brain damage, stress, and life span: An experimental study: Journal of Gerontology Vol 37(2) Mar 1982, 161-168.
  • Wozniak, D. F., & Goldstein, R. (1980). Effect of deprivation duration and prefeeding on gastric stress erosions in the rat: Physiology & Behavior Vol 24(2) Feb 1980, 231-235.
  • Wu, P. (1992). Activation of the rat hypothalamic AVP neurons and pituitary POMC cells by cold and novel environment stresses: An in situ hybridization study: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Xia, S.-Z., Feng, C.-H., & Guo, A.-K. (1999). Temporary amnesia induced by cold anesthesia and hypoxia in Drosophila: Physiology & Behavior Vol 65(4-5) Jan 1999, 617-623.
  • Yago, H., Yoneda, R., Suehiro, S., Hata, T., & Wada, H. (1992). Effects of neurotropin on learning behavior in SART-stressed animals. Philadelphia, PA, England: Gordon & Breach Science Publishers.
  • Yaichnikov, I. K. (1977). General changes of the EEG in rabbits in response to local heating and cooling of the posterior hypothalamus: Fiziologicheskii Zhurnal SSSR im I M Sechenova Vol 63(10) Oct 1977, 1398-1402.
  • Yan, J., Yin, J., Sun, K., & Gu, X. (2002). The changes of IL-2 and beta -EP of rats under cold stimulation and forced swimming: Chinese Mental Health Journal Vol 16(12) Dec 2002, 811-813.
  • Yaras, N., Yargicoglu, P., Agar, A., Gumuslu, S., Abidin, I., & Ozdemir, S. (2003). Effect of immobilization and cold stress on visual evoked potentials: International Journal of Neuroscience Vol 113(8) Aug 2003, 1055-1067.
  • Yehuda, S. (1975). d-Amphetamine and the sensory role of a rat's tail in thermoregulation or What the rat's tail tells the rat's brain: Behavioral Biology Vol 13(2) Feb 1975, 233-238.
  • Yntema, O. P., & Korf, J. (1987). Transient suppression by stress of haloperidol induced catalepsy by the activation of the adrenal medulla: Psychopharmacology Vol 91(1) Jan 1987, 131-134.
  • Yoon, Y. W., Sung, B., & Chung, J. M. (1998). Nitric oxide mediates behavioral signs of neuropathic pain in an experimental rat model: Neuroreport: An International Journal for the Rapid Communication of Research in Neuroscience Vol 9(3) Feb 1998, 367-372.
  • Young, A. J. (1991). Effects of aging on human cold tolerance: Experimental Aging Research Vol 17(3) Fal 1991, 205-213.
  • Zachman, T. A., Bell, R. W., Nitschke, W., & Irwin, B. (1972). Ultrasonic signaling in three inbred strains of mice: Journal of Auditory Research Vol 12(2) Apr 1972, 137-145.
  • Zeichner, A., Widner, S., Loftin, M., Panopoulos, G., & Allen, J. (1999). Effects of familial pain models on daily pain indices and performance during the cold pressor task: Psychological Reports Vol 84(3, Pt 1) Jun 1999, 955-960.
  • Zeiner, A. R., & Pollak, M. H. (1980). Bidirectional changes in digital skin temperature using biofeedback in a cold room: Journal of Clinical Psychology Vol 36(2) Apr 1980, 514-519.
  • Zmarzty, S. A., & Read, N. W. (1999). An examination of the effects of isoenergetic intragastric infusions of pure macronutrients on cold pain perception in healthy human volunteers: Physiology & Behavior Vol 65(4-5) Jan 1999, 643-648.
  • Zmarzty, S. A., Wells, A. S., & Read, N. W. (1997). The influence of food on pain perception in healthy human volunteers: Physiology & Behavior Vol 62(1) Jul 1997, 185-191.
  • Zylan, K. D. (1993). Behavioral temperature regulation in the obese Zucker rat: Behavioral Neuroscience Vol 107(4) Aug 1993, 703-705.
  • Zylan, K. D., & Carlisle, H. J. (1991). Paradoxical effects of exogenous norepinephrine on cold-induced thermogenesis in the rat: Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior Vol 39(1) May 1991, 21-24.

Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki