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Clown Care is a program in hospitals and medical centers involving visits from specially trained clowns. They are sometimes called "Clown Doctors" which is a trademarked name in several countries. These visits to hospitals have been shown to help healing patients with the positive power of hope and humor. There is also an associated positive benefit to the staff and families of patients.
Professional Clown Doctors began working in hospitals in 1986 under a program called the Big Apple Circus Clown Care Unit, which was started by Michael Christensen in New York City. Clown Doctor programs now operate in every state in Australia, the USA, Canada, Israel and all over Europe.
Clown Doctors attend specifically to the psycho-social needs of the hospitalised child but in some hospitals they also visit adults. They parody the hospital routine to help children adapt to their surroundings, they also distract from and demystify painful or frightening procedures. The atmosphere of fun and laughter can help children forget about the illness and the stress for a moment.
Clown Doctors use techniques such as magic, music, storytelling and other clowning skills to empower children with doses of fun that help them deal with the range of emotions they may experience while in hospital: fear, anxiety, loneliness, boredom.
The healing power of humor and laughter combats stress, reduces pain by releasing endorphins (the body's natural painkiller), boosts the immune system by increasing the level of T cells & lowering serum cortisol levels, helps promote a positive outlook, helps people to cope with difficult situations and helps to create bonds and therefore support between people, all of which aids the healing process.
- "Clown Doctors", By Dr Peter Spitzer - The Humour Foundation, Churchill Fellow 2002.
- Big Apple Circus Clown Care - Children's Hospital Boston
- Australian Clown Doctors - Clown Doctors in Australia
- Dr Kerfuffle an Australian Clown Doctor
- Clown Doctors UK - in Great Britain
- Dr Clown - Clown Doctors in Canada
- Fools for Health - Clown Doctors in Windsor Ontario Canada
-  - ClownCare Laugh Doctors Program - Tucson, Arizona
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