Psychology Wiki

Christian von Ehrenfels

34,203pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Professional Psychology: Debating Chamber · Psychology Journals · Psychologists

Christian Freiherr von Ehrenfels (June 2 1859 in Rodaun near Vienna - September 8 1932 in Lichtenau), Austrian philosopher, is known as one of the founders and precursors of Gestalt psychology.

Although Max Wertheimer is to be credited as the founder of the movement of Gestalt psychology, the concept of Gestalt itself was first introduced in contemporary philosophy and psychology by von Ehrenfels in his famous work Über Gestaltqualitäten ("On Gestalt-qualities", 1890). The idea of Gestalt has its roots in theories by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Ernst Mach. Both he and Edmund Husserl seem to have been inspired by Mach's work Beiträge zur Analyse der Empfindungen ("Contributions to the Analysis of the Sensations", 1886) to formulate their very similar concepts of Gestalt and Figural Moment respectively.

Von Ehrenfels studied philosophy at the University of Vienna with Franz Brentano and Alexius Meinong, promoted under supervision of Meinong, after the latter's move to the Karl-Franzens-University of Graz, in 1885 on the topic of Größenrelationen und Zahlen. Eine psychologische Studie ("Relations of magnitude and numbers. A psychological study"). He obtained his habilitiation in 1888 in Vienna with the work: Über Fühlen und Wollen ("On feeling and willing"). From 1896 to 1929 he was professor of philosophy at the German university of Prague.


  • Über Gestaltqualitäten. In: Vierteljahrsschrift für wissenschaftliche Philosophie, 14 (1890), S. 249-292
  • Werttheorie und Ethik. In: Vierteljahrsschrift für wissenschaftliche Philosophie, 17 (1893), S. 26-110, 200-266, 321-363, 413-425; 18 (1894), S. 22-97
  • System der Werttheorie. 2 Bände. Leipzig: O. Reisland 1897, 1898
  • Sexuales, Ober- und Unterbewusstsein. In: Politisch-Anthropologische Revue, 2 (1903-4), S. 456-476
  • Die sexuale Reform. In: Politisch-Anthropologische Revue, 2 (1903-4), S. 970-994
  • Sexualethik. Wiesbaden: J.F. Bergmann 1907
  • Leitziele zur Rassenbewertung. In: Archiv für Rassen- und Gesellschaftsbiologie, 8 (1911), S. 59-71
  • Richard Wagner und seine Apostaten. Ein Beitrag zur Jahrhundertfeier. Wien/Leipzig: H. Heller 1913
  • Kosmogonie. Jena: Diederichs 1916
  • Das Primzahlengesetz, entwickelt und dargestellt auf Grund der Gestalttheorie. Leipzig: Reisland 1922
  • Sexualmoral der Zukunft. In: Archiv für Rassen- und Gesellschaftsbiologie, 22 (1930), S. 292-304
  • Philosophische Schriften in 4 Bänden, hg. von Reinhard Fabian. München, Wien: Philosophia-Verlag 1. Werttheorie. 1982; 2. Ästhetik. 1986; 3. Psychologie, Ethik, Erkenntnistheorie. 1988; 4. Metaphysik. 1990

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.