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Chorea
ICD-10 G255
ICD-9 333.5
OMIM [1]
DiseasesDB 16662
MedlinePlus [2]
eMedicine neuro/62
MeSH {{{MeshNumber}}}

Chorea sancti viti (Latin for "St. Vitus' dance") is an abnormal involuntary movement disorder, one of a group of neurological disorders called dyskinesias. The term chorea is derived from a Greek word khoreia (a kind of dance), as the quick movements of the feet or hands are vaguely comparable to dancing or piano playing.

Presentation Edit

Chorea is characterized by brief, irregular contractions that are not repetitive or rhythmic, but appear to flow from one muscle to the next.

These 'dance-like' movements of chorea (from the same root word as "choreography") often occur with athetosis, which adds twisting and writhing movements.

CausesEdit

Chorea can occur in a variety of conditions and disorders.

Ballism Edit

When chorea is serious, slight movements will become thrashing motions; this form of severe chorea is referred to as ballism. Walking may become peculiar, and include odd postures and leg movements. Unlike ataxia and dystonia, which affect the quality of voluntary movements or parkinsonism, which is a hindrance of voluntary movements, the movements of chorea and ballism occur on their own, without conscious effort.

TreatmentEdit

There is no standard course of treatment for chorea. Treatment depends on the type of chorea and the associated disease.

Cause Treatment
Huntington's disease A common treatment is dopaminergic antagonists, although treatment is largely supportive.
Syndenham's chorea Usually involves antibiotic drugs to treat the infection, followed by drug therapy to prevent recurrence.
drug-induced chorea. Adjusting medication dosages.
Metabolic and endocrine-related choreas Treated according to the cause(s) of symptoms.

See alsoEdit


  1. REDIRECT Template:CNS diseases of the nervous system
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