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Chorda tympani

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Nerve: Chorda tympani
The right membrana tympani with the hammer and the chorda tympani, viewed from within, from behind, and from above.
Plan of the facial and intermediate nerves and their communication with other nerves.
Latin '
Gray's subject #231 1047
From facial nerve
MeSH A08.800.800.120.250.120

The chorda tympani is a nerve that branches from the facial nerve (cranial nerve VII) inside the facial canal, just before the facial nerve exits the skull via the stylomastoid foramen.

The chorda tympani carries two types of nerve fibers from their origin with the facial nerve to the lingual nerve that carries them to their destinations:

Rather than leave the skull with the facial nerve, the chorda tympani travels through the middle ear, where it runs from posterior to anterior across the tympanic membrane. It passes between the malleus and the incus, on the medial surface of the neck of the malleus.

The nerve continues through the petrotympanic fissure, after which it emerges from the skull into the infratemporal fossa. It soon combines with the larger lingual nerve, a branch of the mandibular nerve (cranial nerve V3).

The fibers of the chorda tympani travel with the lingual nerve to the submandibular ganglion.

Here, the preganglionic parasympathetic fibers of the chorda tympani synapse with postganglionic fibers which go on to innervate the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands.

Special sensory (taste) fibers also extend from the chorda tympani to the anterior 2/3rds of the tongue via the lingual nerve.

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