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Social Processes: Methodology · Types of test

The Children's Personality Questionnaire (CPQ) is a standardized, self-report personality measure for children ages 8-12. It can be used to measures their personal, social, and academic development and aspects of their personality that mediate performance in school and social adjustment both inside and outside the classroom.

As the findings supplement standard academic aptitude measures they can be used to increase the accuracy of academic achievement prediction and have been used to assess candidates for scholarships, and to assist school and occupational counselors in career guidance.

The questionnaire measures 14 dimensions of personality taken from a factor analysis of personality performed by Cattell in 1950.


There are four forms to choose from A,B,C and D. Each form contains 140 items, ten for each dimension.


The questionnaire is administered without a time limit and can be broken up into two sessions.


Answer sheets can be machine-scored by the publisher or hand-scored by the test administrator. Scores are presented as normalized stens, standard deviation stens, and percentile ranks.


Different norms are applied to boys and girls as several personality factors have significantly different means between the groups.


Test-retest reliability after a one-week interval for each of the 14 factors on the various test forms ranges from .28-.87 with *most coefficients hovering around .50. Between-forms reliability shows that forms A and B are more equivalent than forms C and D and that using two forms of the test rather than one increases its reliability.



  • Fernandez Ros, E. (1996). Clinical and personality characteristics in childhood: Comparative study between personality profiles in normal and clinical children through R. B. Porter and R. B. Cattell's CPQ: Anales de Psiquiatria Vol 12(10) Nov-Dec 1996, 427-433.
  • Godoy Fernandez, C., & Fernandez Ros, E. (1997). The differences between neurotic and normal personality in children, according to the CPQ questionnaire: Anales de Psiquiatria Vol 13(1) Jan 1997, 41-45.
  • Karnes, F. A., & Wherry, J. N. (1983). CPQ personality factors of upper elementary gifted students: Journal of Personality Assessment Vol 47(3) Jun 1983, 303-304.
  • Marshall, J. C., & George, R. L. (1974). The interrelations of CPQ scales: Journal of Instructional Psychology Vol 1(2) Spr 1974, 46-51.
  • Siddamma, T. (1977). Reliability of the Children's Personality Questionnaire (CPQ): Child Psychiatry Quarterly Vol 10(2) Apr 1977, 13-17.
  • Werner, E. E. (1966). CPQ Personality Factors of Talented and Underachieving Boys and Girls in Elementary School: Journal of Clinical Psychology 22(4) 1966, 461-464.
  • Willis, J., & Seymour, G. (1978). CPQ validity: The relationship between Children's Personality Questionnaire scores and teacher ratings: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology Vol 6(1) Mar 1978, 107-113.

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