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[[Image:central_sulcus.png|thumbnail|300px|right|Central sulcus of the human brain.]]
 
[[Image:central_sulcus.png|thumbnail|300px|right|Central sulcus of the human brain.]]
 
[[Image:Gray726.png|thumb|300px|[[Gray's Anatomy|Gray's]] FIG. 726– Lateral surface of left cerebral hemisphere, viewed from the side.]]
 
[[Image:Gray726.png|thumb|300px|[[Gray's Anatomy|Gray's]] FIG. 726– Lateral surface of left cerebral hemisphere, viewed from the side.]]
The '''central [[Sulcus (anatomy)|sulcus]]''' is a fold in the [[cerebral cortex]] of [[brain]]s in [[vertebrates]]. Also called the central fissure, it was originally called the fissure of Rolando or the Rolandic fissure.
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The '''central [[Sulcus (anatomy)|sulcus]]''' is a fold in the [[cerebral cortex]] of [[brain]]s in [[vertebrates]]. Also called the '''central fissure''', it was originally called the '''fissure of Rolando''' or the '''Rolandic fissure'''.
   
 
The central sulcus is a prominent landmark of the [[brain]], separating the [[parietal lobe]] from the [[frontal lobe]]. The central sulcus is the site of the [[primary motor cortex]] in mammals, a group of cells that controls voluntary movements of the body.
 
The central sulcus is a prominent landmark of the [[brain]], separating the [[parietal lobe]] from the [[frontal lobe]]. The central sulcus is the site of the [[primary motor cortex]] in mammals, a group of cells that controls voluntary movements of the body.
   
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
[[List of human anatomical parts named after people]].
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{{Prosencephalon}}
 
{{Prosencephalon}}

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Central sulcus

Central sulcus of the human brain.

Gray726

Gray's FIG. 726– Lateral surface of left cerebral hemisphere, viewed from the side.

The central sulcus is a fold in the cerebral cortex of brains in vertebrates. Also called the central fissure, it was originally called the fissure of Rolando or the Rolandic fissure.

The central sulcus is a prominent landmark of the brain, separating the parietal lobe from the frontal lobe. The central sulcus is the site of the primary motor cortex in mammals, a group of cells that controls voluntary movements of the body.

See also Edit

Telencephalon (cerebrum, cerebral cortex, cerebral hemispheres) - edit

primary sulci/fissures: medial longitudinal, lateral, central, parietoöccipital, calcarine, cingulate

frontal lobe: precentral gyrus (primary motor cortex, 4), precentral sulcus, superior frontal gyrus (6, 8), middle frontal gyrus (46), inferior frontal gyrus (Broca's area, 44-pars opercularis, 45-pars triangularis), prefrontal cortex (orbitofrontal cortex, 9, 10, 11, 12, 47)

parietal lobe: postcentral sulcus, postcentral gyrus (1, 2, 3, 43), superior parietal lobule (5), inferior parietal lobule (39-angular gyrus, 40), precuneus (7), intraparietal sulcus

occipital lobe: primary visual cortex (17), cuneus, lingual gyrus, 18, 19 (18 and 19 span whole lobe)

temporal lobe: transverse temporal gyrus (41-42-primary auditory cortex), superior temporal gyrus (38, 22-Wernicke's area), middle temporal gyrus (21), inferior temporal gyrus (20), fusiform gyrus (36, 37)

limbic lobe/fornicate gyrus: cingulate cortex/cingulate gyrus, anterior cingulate (24, 32, 33), posterior cingulate (23, 31),
isthmus (26, 29, 30), parahippocampal gyrus (piriform cortex, 25, 27, 35), entorhinal cortex (28, 34)

subcortical/insular cortex: rhinencephalon, olfactory bulb, corpus callosum, lateral ventricles, septum pellucidum, ependyma, internal capsule, corona radiata, external capsule

hippocampal formation: dentate gyrus, hippocampus, subiculum

basal ganglia: striatum (caudate nucleus, putamen), lentiform nucleus (putamen, globus pallidus), claustrum, extreme capsule, amygdala, nucleus accumbens

Some categorizations are approximations, and some Brodmann areas span gyri.

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