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Cardiology is the branch of [[medicine]] pertaining to the [[heart]] and the vascular system of the human body -- the [[cardiovascular system]].
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Its a subspecialty (fellowship) of Internal Medicine.
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== The heart ==
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{{main|heart}}
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=== [[Cardiac pacemaker]] (Electrical system of the heart) ===
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* [[Electrical conduction system of the heart]]
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** [[Action potential]]
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*** [[Ventricular action potential]]
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* [[Sinoatrial node]]
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* [[Atrioventricular node]]
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* [[Bundle of His]]
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* [[Purkinje fibers]]
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=== Basic cardiac physiology ===
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* [[Systole]]
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* [[Diastole]]
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* [[Heart sounds]]
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* [[Preload (cardiology)|Preload]]
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* [[Afterload]]
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* [[Kussmaul's sign]]
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== Disorders of the heart ==
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{{main|heart disease}}
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== Disorders of the [[coronary circulation]] ==
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* [[Atherosclerosis]]
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* [[Restenosis]]
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* [[Coronary heart disease]] ([[Ischaemic heart disease]], Coronary artery disease)
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* [[Acute coronary syndrome]]
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** [[Angina pectoris|Angina]]
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** [[Myocardial infarction]] (Heart attack)
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== [[Sudden cardiac death]] (The abrupt cessation of blood flow, leading to death) ==
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*[[Cardiac arrest]]
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===Treatment of sudden cardiac death===
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*[[Cardiopulmonary resuscitation]] (CPR)
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== Disorders of the myocardium (muscle of the heart) ==
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* [[Cardiomyopathy]]
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** [[Ischemic cardiomyopathy]]
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** [[Nonischemic cardiomyopathy]]
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*** [[Amyloid cardiomyopathy]]
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*** [[Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy]] (HCM)
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**** [[Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy]] (HOCM) (Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (IHSS))
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**** [[Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy]]
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*** [[Dilated cardiomyopathy]]
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**** [[Alcoholic cardiomyopathy]]
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**** [[Tachycardia induced cardiomyopathy]]
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**** [[Takotsubo cardiomyopathy]] (Transient apical ballooning, stress-induced cardiomyopathy)
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*** [[Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia]] (Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy)
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*** [[Restrictive cardiomyopathy]]
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* [[Congestive heart failure]]
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** [[Cor pulmonale]]
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* [[Ventricular hypertrophy]]
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** [[Left ventricular hypertrophy]]
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* [[Primary tumors of the heart]]
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** [[Myxoma]]
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* [[Myocardial rupture]]
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== Disorders of the [[pericardium]] (outer lining of the heart) ==
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* [[Pericarditis]]
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* [[Cardiac tamponade|Pericardial tamponade]]
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* [[Constrictive pericarditis]]
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== Disorders of the [[heart valves]] ==
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* [[Aortic valve]] disorders
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** [[Aortic insufficiency]]
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** [[Aortic stenosis]]
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** [[Aortic valve replacement]]
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** [[Aortic valve repair]]
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** [[Aortic valvuloplasty]]
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* [[Mitral valve]] disorders
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** [[Mitral valve prolapse]]
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** [[Mitral regurgitation]]
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** [[Mitral stenosis]]
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** [[Mitral valve replacement]]
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** [[Mitral valve repair]]
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** [[Mitral valvuloplasty]]
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* [[Pulmonary valve]] disorders
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** [[Congenital pulmonic stenosis]]
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* [[Tricuspid valve]] disorders
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== Disorders of the electrical system of the heart ([[Cardiac electrophysiology]]) ==
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* [[Tachycardia]]
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* [[Cardiac arrhythmia]]s
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** [[Supraventricular tachycardia]] (Fast rhythms that originate above the ventricles)
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*** [[Atrial fibrillation]]
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*** [[Atrial flutter]]
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*** [[Atrial tachycardia]]
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*** [[Sick sinus syndrome]] (Tachy-Brady syndrome)
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*** [[AV nodal reentrant tachycardia]] (AVNRT)
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*** [[AV reentrant tachycardia]] (AVRT)
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** [[Bigeminy]]
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** [[Premature ventricular contraction]]
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** [[Ventricular tachycardia]]
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*** [[Torsades de pointes]]
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** [[Ventricular fibrillation]]
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** [[Sick sinus syndrome]]
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** [[Bundle branch block]]
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*** [[Left bundle branch block]]
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*** [[Right bundle branch block]]
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** [[Heart block]]
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*** [[First degree AV block]]
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*** [[Second degree AV block]]
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*** [[Bifascicular block]]
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*** [[Trifascicular block]]
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*** [[Third degree AV block]]
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**** [[Lev's disease]]
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* Specific diseases of the electrical system of the heart
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** [[Brugada syndrome]]
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** [[Long QT syndrome]]
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*** [[Andersen-Tawil syndrome]]
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*** [[Romano-Ward syndrome]]
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*** [[Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome]]
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** [[Short QT syndrome]]
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** [[Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome]] (WPW syndrome)
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== Inflammation and infection of the heart ==
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* [[Endocarditis]]
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** [[Rheumatic heart disease]]
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* [[Myocarditis]]
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* [[Pericarditis]]
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== [[Congenital heart disease]] ==
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* [[Atrial septal defect]]
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* [[Ventricular septal defect]]
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* [[Patent ductus arteriosus]]
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* [[Bicuspid aortic valve]]
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* [[Tetralogy of Fallot]]
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* [[Transposition of the great vessels]] (TGV)
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* [[Hypoplastic left heart syndrome]]
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== Diseases of blood vessels (Vascular diseases) ==
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* [[Vasculitis]]
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* [[Atherosclerosis]]
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* [[Aneurysm]]
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* [[Varicose veins]]
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* [[Economy class syndrome]] <!-- VascularBiology or Hematology ? -->
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* Diseases of the aorta
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** [[Coarctation of the aorta]]
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** [[Aortic dissection]]
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** [[Aortic aneurysm]]
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* Diseases of the [[Carotid artery|carotid arteries]]
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** [[Carotid artery disease]]
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** [[Carotid artery dissection]]
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== Procedures done for coronary artery disease ==
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* [[Percutaneous coronary intervention]]
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** [[Atherectomy]]
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** [[Angioplasty]] (PTCA)
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** [[Stent]]ing
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* [[Coronary artery bypass surgery]] (CABG)
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* [[Enhanced external counterpulsation]] (EECP)
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== Devices used in cardiology ==
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* [[Stethoscope]]
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* Devices used to maintain normal electrical rhythm
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** [[Artificial pacemaker|Pacemaker]]
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** [[Defibrillator]]
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*** [[Automated external defibrillator]]
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*** [[Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator]]
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* Devices used to maintain [[blood pressure]]
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** [[Artificial heart]]
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** [[Heart-lung machine]]
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** [[Intra-aortic balloon pump]]
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** [[Ventricular assist device]]
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== [[Cardiology diagnostic tests and procedures|Diagnostic tests and procedures]] ==
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* [[Cardiology diagnostic tests and procedures|Blood tests]]
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* [[Echocardiography|Echocardiogram]]
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* [[Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance|CMR]]
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* [[Cardiac stress test]]
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* Auscultation (Listening with the Stethoscope)
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[[Electrocardiogram]] (ECG or EKG)
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** [[QT interval]]
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** [[Osborn wave]]
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* [[Holter monitor|Ambulatory Holter monitor]]
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* [[Electrophysiologic study]]
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** [[Programmed electrical stimulation]]
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* [[Sphygmomanometer]] (Blood pressure cuff)
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* [[Cardiac enzymes]]
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* [[Coronary catheterization]]
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** [[Fractional flow reserve|Myocardial Fractional Flow Reserve]] (FFRmyo)
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** [[IVUS]] (IntraVascular UltraSound)
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== Cardiac pharmaceutical agents ==
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The followings are [[medication]]s commonly prescribed in cardiology:
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* [[Antiarrhythmic agents]]
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** Type I ([[sodium]] [[ion channel|channel]] blockers)
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*** Type Ia
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**** [[Quinidine]]
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*** Type Ib
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**** [[Lidocaine]]
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**** [[Phenytoin]]
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*** Type Ic
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**** [[Propafenone]]
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** Type II ([[beta blocker]]s)
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*** [[Metoprolol]]
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** Type III ([[potassium]] channel blockers)
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*** [[Amiodarone]]
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*** [[Dofetilide]]
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*** [[Sotalol]]
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** Type IV (slow [[calcium channel blocker]]s)
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*** [[Diltiazem]]
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*** [[Verapamil]]
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** Type V
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*** [[Adenosine]]
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*** [[Digoxin]]
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* [[ACE inhibitor]]s
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** [[Captopril]]
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** [[Enalapril]]
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** [[Perindopril]]
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** [[Ramipril]]
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* [[Angiotensin II receptor antagonist]]s
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** [[Candesartan]]
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** [[Eprosartan]]
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** [[Irbesartan]]
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** [[Losartan]]
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** [[Telmisartan]]
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** [[Valsartan]]
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* [[Beta blocker]]
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* [[Calcium channel blocker]]
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==See also==
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* [[Interventional cardiology]]
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* [[Clinical cardiac electrophysiology]]
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* [[Heart Failure Society of America]]
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* [[American Heart Association]]
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* [[National Heart Foundation of Australia]]
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==External links==
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* [http://www.cardiologytoday.com/ Cardiology News]
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* [http://www.escardio.org European Society of Cardiology]
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* U.S. [[National Institute of Health]] (NIH) [http://health.nih.gov/search.asp/10 : Heart and Circulation]
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* [http://www.acc.org American College of Cardiology]
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* [http://know-heart-diseases.com Coronary heart disease]
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* [http://www.virtualcardiaccentre.com Virtual Cardiac Centre] - latest comprehensive information on the field of Cardiology.
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* [http://www.cvphysiology.com Cardiovascular Physiology] - comprehensive explanation of basic concepts in cardiology.
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* [http://www.lejacq.com/Journal_PC.cfm?CFID=3025482&CFTOKEN=85552068 Preventive Cardiology]
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* [http://atlas.scmr.org/ A cardiac atlas using CMR images]
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{{Medicine}}
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{{Cardiovascular system}}
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[[Category:Cardiology| ]]
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[[Category:Medical sciences]]
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<!--
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[[ast:Cardioloxía]]
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[[bn:হৃদ্‌বিদ্যা]]
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[[ca:Cardiologia]]
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[[de:Kardiologie]]
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[[es:Cardiología]]
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[[eu:Kardiologia]]
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[[fr:Cardiologie]]
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[[hr:Kardiologija]]
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[[id:Kardiologi]]
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[[it:Cardiologia]]
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[[he:קרדיולוגיה]]
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[[la:Cardiologia]]
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[[nl:Cardiologie]]
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[[ne:हृदयशास्त्र]]
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[[ja:循環器学]]
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[[no:Kardiologi]]
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[[nds:Kardiologie]]
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[[pl:Kardiologia]]
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[[pt:Cardiologia]]
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[[ru:Кардиология]]
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[[sq:Kardiologjia]]
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[[sl:Kardiologija]]
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[[sr:Кардиологија]]
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[[sh:Kardiologija]]
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[[fi:Kardiologia]]
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[[sv:Kardiologi]]
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[[tr:Kardiyoloji]]
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[[uk:Кардіологія]]
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[[zh:心臟內科]]
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-->
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{{enWP|Cardiology}}

Latest revision as of 01:22, February 2, 2008

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Cardiology is the branch of medicine pertaining to the heart and the vascular system of the human body -- the cardiovascular system. Its a subspecialty (fellowship) of Internal Medicine.

The heart Edit

Main article: heart


Cardiac pacemaker (Electrical system of the heart) Edit


Basic cardiac physiology Edit

Disorders of the heart Edit

Main article: heart disease

Disorders of the coronary circulation Edit

Sudden cardiac death (The abrupt cessation of blood flow, leading to death) Edit

Treatment of sudden cardiac deathEdit

Disorders of the myocardium (muscle of the heart) Edit

Disorders of the pericardium (outer lining of the heart) Edit

Disorders of the heart valves Edit

Disorders of the electrical system of the heart (Cardiac electrophysiology) Edit

Inflammation and infection of the heart Edit

Congenital heart disease Edit

Diseases of blood vessels (Vascular diseases) Edit

Procedures done for coronary artery disease Edit

Devices used in cardiology Edit

Diagnostic tests and procedures Edit

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)

Cardiac pharmaceutical agents Edit

The followings are medications commonly prescribed in cardiology:

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit

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