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Café au lait spot
Classification and external resources
Template:Px
A café au lait spot on a patient's left cheek.
ICD-10 L813
ICD-9 709.09
DiseasesDB 16118
eMedicine ped/2754
MeSH D019080

Café au lait spots or Café au lait macules are pigmented birthmarks.[1] The name café au lait is French for "coffee with milk" and refers to their light-brown color. They are also called "giraffe spots" or "coast of Maine spots."[2]

EtiologyEdit

File:NF-1-Tache cafe-au-lait.jpg

Café au lait spots can arise from diverse and unrelated causes:[3][4]

DiagnosisEdit

Diagnosis is visual with measurement of spot size and count of number of spots having clinical significance for diagnosis of associated disorders such as Neurofibromatosis type I. Usually, more than 6 spots more than 3 cm in diameter indicates NF1.

PrognosisEdit

Café au lait spots are benign and do not cause any ailment themselves.

TreatmentEdit

They can be treated with lasers.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Plensdorf S, Martinez J (January 2009). Common pigmentation disorders. American Family Physician 79 (2): 109–16.
  2. coast of Maine spots - General Practice Notebook
  3. "Cafe Au Lait Spots", by William D James, MD
  4. Cafe Au Lait Spots
  5. Arnsmeier, Sheryl L. (1994). Familial Multiple Cafe au lait Spots. Arch Dermatol. 130 (11): 1425–1426.
  6. Whyte, M. P. (2000). Café-au-lait spots caused by vitiligo in McCune-Albright syndrome. J Bone Miner Res. 15 (12): 2521–2523.
  7. Scheinfeld, Noah S. (2011). Laser Treatment of Benign Pigmented Lesions.

External linksEdit

Template:Pigmentation disorders

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