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{{AssessPsy}}
 
{{AssessPsy}}
'''Bogardus Social Distance [[Scale]]''' was created by [[Emory S. Bogardus]] to empirically [[measurement|measure]] people's willingness to participate in social contacts of varying degrees of closeness with other kinds of people, such as various racial and |ethnic groups, as well as sex offenders, and homosexuals.
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The '''Bogardus Social Distance Scale''' is a [[psychological testing]] [[Scale (social sciences)|scale]] created by [[Emory S. Bogardus]] to empirically [[measurement|measure]] people's willingness to participate in social contacts of varying degrees of closeness with members of diverse social groups, such as other [[Race (classification of human beings)|racial]] and [[ethnic groups]], [[sex offender]]s, and [[homosexual]]s.
   
The scale asks people whether they would be willing to accept each group
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The scale asks people the extent to which they would be accepting of each group (a score of 1.00 for a group is taken to indicate no [[social distance]]):
*As close relatives by marriage (1.00)
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*As close relatives by [[marriage]] (score 1.00)
*As my close personal friends (2.00)
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*As my close personal [[friend]]s (2.00)
*As neighbors on the same street (3.00)
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*As [[neighbor]]s on the same street (3.00)
*As co-workers in the same occupation (4.00)
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*As [[co-worker]]s in the same occupation (4.00)
*As citizens in my country (5.00)
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*As [[citizen]]s in my country (5.00)
*As only visitors in my country (6.00)
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*As only [[visitor]]s in my country (6.00)
*Would exclude from my country (7.00)
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*Would [[social exclusion|exclude]] from my country (7.00)
   
A score of 1.00 for a group in dicates no social distance and therefore no prejudice.
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The Bogardus Social Distance Scale is a cumulative scale (a [[Guttman scale]]), because agreement with any item implies agreement with all preceding items. The scale has been criticized as too simple because the social distance in intimate relations may not be to attitudes concerning far-away contacts, such as citizens or visitors in my country.
 
Reseach shows that the extent of prejudice is deceasing slightly and fewer distinctions are being made among groups.
 
 
The Bogardus Social Distance Scale is a cumulative scale (a [[Guttman scale]]), because agreement with any item implies agreement with all preceding items.
 
   
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Research by Bogardus first in 1925 and then repeated in 1946, 1956, and 1966 shows that the extent of social distancing in the US is decreasing slightly and fewer distinctions are being made among groups. A Web-based questionnaire has been running since late 1993. Internet users are encouraged to submit their responses [http://socialdistancesurvey.com/sdsurvey.html here] where the maintainer of this site has posted at least two papers that update research on social distance.
   
   
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==References==
 
==References==
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* [[Bogardus, Emory S.]], Social Distance in the City. ''Proceedings and Publications of the American Sociological Society''. 20, 1926, 40-46.
 
* [[Earl Babbie|Babbie, E.]], 'The Practice of Social Research', 10th edition, Wadsworth, Thomson Learning Inc., ISBN 0534620299
 
* [[Earl Babbie|Babbie, E.]], 'The Practice of Social Research', 10th edition, Wadsworth, Thomson Learning Inc., ISBN 0534620299
   

Latest revision as of 23:08, January 7, 2010

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The Bogardus Social Distance Scale is a psychological testing scale created by Emory S. Bogardus to empirically measure people's willingness to participate in social contacts of varying degrees of closeness with members of diverse social groups, such as other racial and ethnic groups, sex offenders, and homosexuals.

The scale asks people the extent to which they would be accepting of each group (a score of 1.00 for a group is taken to indicate no social distance):

The Bogardus Social Distance Scale is a cumulative scale (a Guttman scale), because agreement with any item implies agreement with all preceding items. The scale has been criticized as too simple because the social distance in intimate relations may not be to attitudes concerning far-away contacts, such as citizens or visitors in my country.

Research by Bogardus first in 1925 and then repeated in 1946, 1956, and 1966 shows that the extent of social distancing in the US is decreasing slightly and fewer distinctions are being made among groups. A Web-based questionnaire has been running since late 1993. Internet users are encouraged to submit their responses here where the maintainer of this site has posted at least two papers that update research on social distance.


See also Edit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bogardus, Emory S., Social Distance in the City. Proceedings and Publications of the American Sociological Society. 20, 1926, 40-46.
  • Babbie, E., 'The Practice of Social Research', 10th edition, Wadsworth, Thomson Learning Inc., ISBN 0534620299
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