Body type has several meanings:
- A description of any kind of human body shape using general body descriptors: slim, fat, tall, petite, wide-shouldered, pear shaped, etc.
- A system devised by William Sheldon classifying humans into three different body types, (ectomorphic, endomorphic, and mesomorphic) sometimes used in modern weight training and exercise; see somatotype
- A classification system developed by Elliot Abravanel in the 1970s and 1980s that classifies an individual based on his or her glandular metabolism.
- Body typing is used in Ayurvedic medicine.