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Birth trauma
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 P10P15

Birth trauma is any damage to the neonate's body structure or function due to events during birth. It includes birth asphyxia.

Birth trauma can refer to:

(P10-P15) Birth trauma



Signs and symptoms

Sequelae can occur in both the mother and the infant after a traumatic birth.

Infant

Well any number of injuries may occur during the birthing process. A number of specific conditions are well described. Brachial plexus palsy occurs in 0.4 to 5.1 infants per 1000 live birth.[1] Head trauma during delivery can lead to a number of conditions include: caput succedaneum, cephalohematoma, subgaleal hemorrhage, subdural hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, epidural hemorrhage, and intraventricular hemorrhage.

The most common fracture during delivery is that of the clavicle (0.5%).[2]

Mother

Rates of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as high as 5.9% have been reported.[3]

Causes

Risk factors include vacuum extraction and the use of forceps.[4]

Psychological sequelea

Effects on the child

Effects on the mother

A very painful labour, particularly if it produces longer term incapacity, for example reqiring intensive care, can disrupt the formation of the maternal bond


Physical effects

The physical effects of these complication and consequent birth trauma can lead to deformation of the head and effect the brain to produce mental retardation and/or neurological disorders


See also

Template:Medical conditions

Epidemiology

File:Birth asphyxia and birth trauma world map - DALY - WHO2002.svg

Birth trauma is uncommon in the Western world in relation to rates in the third world. In the West injury occurs in 1.1% of C-sections.[6]



See also

External links


Template:Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period

[[Category:Childbirth]


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