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Bipolar disorder and glutamate decarboxylase

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Substantial dysregulation of GAD mRNA expression, coupled with downregulation of reelin, is observed in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.[1]

The most pronounced downregulation of GAD67 was found in hippocampal stratum oriens layer in both disorders and in other layers and structures of hippocampus with varying degrees.[2]

References Edit

  1. Woo TU, Walsh JP, Benes FM (2004). Density of glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 messenger RNA-containing neurons that express the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit NR2A in the anterior cingulate cortex in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 61 (7): 649–57.
  2. Benes FM, Lim B, Matzilevich D, Walsh JP, Subburaju S, Minns M (2007). Regulation of the GABA cell phenotype in hippocampus of schizophrenics and bipolars. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104 (24): 10164–9.

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