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The biomedical model of mental health, has been around for centuries as the predominant model used by some physiciatrists in the diagnosis of mental disorders. The term is used by practitioners of of biological psychiatry, in contrast to the biopsychosocial model, which incorporates psychological and social factors.
This model focuses on the physical processes, such as the pathology, the biochemistry and the physiology of a disease. It does not take into account the role of a person's mind or society in the cause and treatment.
This model is effective at diagnosing and treating most diseases. It cannot be denied that it has been extremely useful throughout history by establishing the reasons that a disease occurs, and in coming up with very effective treatment regimes.
It is however very limiting. By not taking into account society in general, the prevention of disease is omitted.
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