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Bilabial consonant

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Places of articulation
Labial
Bilabial
Labial-velar
Labial-alveolar
Labiodental
Bidental
Coronal
Linguolabial
Interdental
Dental
Alveolar
Apical
Laminal
Postalveolar
Alveolo-palatal
Retroflex
Dorsal
Palatal
Labial-palatal
Velar
Uvular
Uvular-epiglottal
Radical
Pharyngeal
Epiglotto-pharyngeal
Epiglottal
Glottal

In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips. The bilabial consonants identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) are:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
File:Xsampa-m.png bilabial nasal English man [mæn] man
File:Xsampa-p.png voiceless bilabial plosive English spin [spɪn] spin
File:Xsampa-b.png voiced bilabial plosive English bed [bɛd] bed
File:Xsampa-pslash.png voiceless bilabial fricative Japanese 富士山 (fujisan) [ɸuʑisaɴ] Mount Fuji
File:Xsampa-B2.png voiced bilabial fricative Ewe ɛʋɛ [ɛ̀βɛ̀] Ewe
File:IPA-voiced bilabial approximant.png bilabial approximant Spanish lobo [loβ̞o] wolf
File:Xsampa-Bslash.png bilabial trill Nias simbi [siʙi] lower jaw
File:Xsampa-Oslash.png bilabial click Nǁng ʘoe [ʘoe] meat

Owere Igbo has a six-way contrast among bilabial plosives: [p pʰ ɓ̥ b b̤ ɓ]. Approximately 0.7% of the world's languages lack bilabial consonants altogether; these include Tlingit, Chipewyan, Oneida, and Wichita.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Maddieson, Ian. 2008. Absence of Common Consonants. In: Haspelmath, Martin & Dryer, Matthew S. & Gil, David & Comrie, Bernard (eds.) The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library, chapter 18. Available online at http://wals.info/feature/18. Accessed on 2008-09-15.

General referencesEdit


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