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Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid

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style="background: #F8EABA; text-align: center;" colspan="2" Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid
200px
Identifiers
CAS number 300-85-6
PubChem 441
MeSH beta-Hydroxybutyrate
SMILES CC(O)CC(=O)O
Properties
Molecular formula C4H8O3
Molar mass 104.105
Hazards
style="background: #F8EABA; text-align: center;" colspan="2" Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references
The title of this article should be beta-Hydroxybutyric acid. The initial letter is capitalized due to technical restrictions.


beta-Hydroxybutyric acid (beta-hydroxybutyrate or 3-hydroxybutyric acid) is a ketone body. It is a chiral compound having two enantiomers, D-3-hydroxybutyric acid and L-3-hydroxybutyric acid. Like the other ketone bodies (acetoacetate and acetone), levels of beta-hydroxybutyrate are raised in ketosis. In humans, beta-hydroxybutyrate is synthesized in the liver from acetyl-CoA, and can be used as an energy source by the brain when blood glucose is low. It can be used for the synthesis of biodegradable plastics.

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