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Biological: Behavioural genetics · Evolutionary psychology · Neuroanatomy · Neurochemistry · Neuroendocrinology · Neuroscience · Psychoneuroimmunology · Physiological Psychology · Psychopharmacology (Index, Outline)
Bernard Sachs (January 2, 1858 in Baltimore, Maryland -- February 8, 1944) was a Jewish-American neurologist. After graduating with a B.A. from Harvard in 1878, Sachs travelled to Europe and studied under some of the most prominent physicians of the time, such as Adolf Kussmaul (1822-1902), Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen (1833-1910), Friedrich Goltz (1834-1902), Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902), Karl Friedrich Otto Westphal (1833-1890), Theodor Meynert (1833-1892), Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), and John Hughlings Jackson (1835-1911). Later, in 1885, Sachs translated Meynert’s classic treatise Psychiatrie into English.
After returning to the United States, he settled into a private practice in New York, and became one of America's leading clinical neurologists. He was an instructor at New York Polyclinic Hospital, and a consultant at Mount Sinai Hospital, New York and Manhattan State Hospital. In addition, he was publisher of the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease (1886-1911) and president of the American Neurological Association (1894 and 1932).
The condition known as Tay-Sachs disease is named after Sachs along with English ophthalmologist Warren Tay. Tay first described the red spot on the retina of the eye in 1881, while Sachs described the cellular changes of the disease, and in 1887 noted its higher occurrence in Ashkenazi Jews from Eastern Europe.
Sachs published several books, including Nervous and Mental Disorders from Birth through Adolescence, a reference work intended for professionals. In 1926 he published The Normal Child, a popular manual on child rearing intended for the general public. In the latter book he advocated a common-sense approach to parenting and the rejection of psychological theories, especially Freudian psychology.
- Ira Van Gieson (1866-1913), a collaborator
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Who Named It?; Bernard Sachs. URL accessed on 2009-04-26.
- ↑ Tay, Warren (1881), "Symmetrical changes in the region of the yellow spot in each eye of an infant", Transactions of the Opthalmological Society 1: 55–57
- ↑ Sachs, Bernard (1887), "On arrested cerebral development with special reference to cortical pathology", Journal of Nervous Mental Disease 14: 541–554, doi:10.1097/00005053-188714090-00001
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