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The Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute (later the Goring Institute) was founded in 1920 to further the science of psychoanalysis. It's founding members included Karl Abraham and Karen Horney. The scientists at the institute furthered Sigmund Freud's work, but it also challenged many of his ideas. During the time of the Third Reich, the Institute was taken over by Matthias Goring, at which point it effectively ceased to be an institute of science and became a propaganda machine for Nazi "aryanization". Many of the leading psychoanalysts working there were exiled or killed.
The Institute prepared one of the first large scale outcome studies of psychoanalytic treatment.
The fiftieth anniversary of its founding was celebrated in Berlin October 7 and 8, 1970, at a meeting where it was announced that the name of the Institute had been changed to the Karl Abraham Institute.