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Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome

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Social Processes: Methodology · Types of test


The Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome is a measure of executive function developed by Tim Shallice.


It was designed to address the problems of traditional tests and evaluate the everyday problems arising from Dysexecutive syndrome (DES)[1]. BADS is designed around six subtests and ends with the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX). These tests assess executive functioning in more complex, real life situations, which improves their ability to predict day-to-day difficulties of DES.

The six tests are as follows[2]:
  • Rule Shift Cards - Assesses the subject's ability to ignore a prior rule after being given a new rule to follow.
  • Action Program - This test requires the use of problem solving to accomplish a new, practical task.
  • Key Search - This test reflects the real life situation of needing to find something that has been lost. It assesses the patient's ability to plan how to accomplish the task and monitor their own progress.
  • Temporal Judgment - Patients are asked to make estimated guesses to a series of questions such as, "how fast do racehorses gallop?". It tests the ability to make sensible guesses.
  • Zoo Map - Tests the ability to plan while following a set of rules.
  • Modified Six Elements - This test assesses the subject's ability to plan, organize and monitor behaviour.

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