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Behavioural sciences (or Behavioral science) is a term that encompasses all the disciplines that explore the activities of and interactions among organisms in the natural world. It involves the systematic analysis and investigation of human and animal behaviour through controlled and naturalistic experimental observations and rigorous formulations. (E. D. Klemke, R. Hollinger, and A. D. Kline, (ed) (1980))
The term behavioural sciences is often confused with the term social sciences. Though these two broad areas are interrelated and study systemic processes of behaviour, they differ on their level of scientific analysis of various dimensions of behaviour. Behavioural sciences essentially investigates the decision processes and communication strategies within and between organisms in a social system. This involves fields like psychology and social neuroscience, among others. Social sciences study the structural-level processes of a social system and its impact on social processes and social organization. They include fields like sociology, economics, history, public health, anthropology, and political science. (E. D. Klemke, R. Hollinger, and A. D. Kline, (ed) (1980)).
Categories of behavioural sciences
Behavioural sciences includes two broad categories: Neural-Decision sciences and Social-Communication sciences. Decision sciences involves those disciplines primarily dealing with the decision processes and individual functioning used in the survival of organism in a social environment. These include psychology, organization theory, psychobiology, management science, operations research (not to be confused with business administration) and social neuroscience. Communication sciences include those fields that studies the communication strategies used by organisms and its dynamics between organisms in an environment. These include fields like Anthropology, Organizational behaviour, Organizational studies, Sociology and Social networks.
Behavioural sciences as integrative sciences
Neural-Decision sciences form the bridge between the behavioural sciences and Cognitive and natural sciences through creating theories that account for the interaction of bio-physical systems and cognitive processes in decision making of the organism. Social-Communication sciences form the link between behavioural sciences and social sciences through the interaction of individual cognitive and communication strategies and social-structural processes.
- E. D. Klemke, R. Hollinger, and A. D. Kline, (ed) (1980). Introductory Readings in the Philosophy of Science. Prometheus Books, New York.
- http://www.cpa.ca/ac-main.html (Canadian journal of behavioural sciences)
- https://www.casbs.org/ (Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences - Stanford University)
- http://www.noldus.com (Tools for behavioral research)
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