Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Clinical: Approaches · Group therapy · Techniques · Types of problem · Areas of specialism · Taxonomies · Therapeutic issues · Modes of delivery · Model translation project · Personal experiences ·

Behavioral optometry (also known as "functional optometry") is an expanded area of optometric practice that uses a holistic approach in the treatment of vision and vision information processing problems.[1] The practice of behavioral optometry incorporates various vision therapy methods and has been characterized as a complementary alternative medicine practice.[2]

Behavioral optometry has its origins in orthoptics.[3] A.M. Skeffington was an American optometrist known to some as "the father of behavioral optometry".[4] Skeffington has been credited as co-founding the Optometric Extension Program with E.B. Alexander in 1928.[4][5]

Part of behavioral vision care is concerned with impact of visual skills on performing visual tasks. Various behaviors and poor performance during visual tasks may suggest non-optimal visual skills. For example this could manifest as eyestrain symptoms experienced during visual tasks, or adopting poor posture (eg leaning in too close to visual material). Another example, could be difficulty understanding maps, difficulty recalling visual information, difficulty completing jigsaws and difficulty drawing/copying/interpreting visual information.


  2. Torin Monahan. "Vision Control and Autonomy Constraints: Managed Care Confronts Alternative Medicine." June 1998. Accessed September 19, 2006.
  3. Birnbaum MH. "Behavioral optometry: a historical perspective." J Am Optom Assoc. 1994 Apr;65(4):255-64. PMID 8014367.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "A.M. Skeffington, O.D.: The Father of Behavioral Optometry." Visionaries (Reprinted from January-December 1991 Issues of Review of Optometry) Copyright 1999 Review of Optometry. Accessed September 19,2006.
  5. Hindsight: Newsletter of the Optometric Historical Society. Vol. 29, Jul. 1998, No. 3. Accessed September 19, 2006.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit



This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.