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Basal forebrain

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The basal forebrain is a collection of structures located rostrally to the striatum. Cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain participate in behavioral processes such as attention and memory.

The basal forebrain is the location where adenosine acts to inhibit A1 receptors and induce sleep through hyperpolarization of wake promoting cholinergic neurons. The basal forebrain and apposing areas are a focus for sleep research. It is located near the sub-arachnoidal space.

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