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Examples of automaticity are common activities such as walking, speaking and driving a car. After an activity is sufficiently practiced it is possible to focus the mind on other activities or thoughts while undertaking an automaticised activity (for example holding a conversation or planning a speech while driving a car).
LaBerge and Samuels (1974) helped explain how reading fluency develops . Automaticity refers to knowing how to do something so well that you don't have to think about.
Companies, such as AutoSkill , incorporates the concept of automaticity into computer software. By measuring the consistency of processing speed and accuracy of students' responses, foundation reading skills can become automatic. As a result, students can devote cognitive effort to higher order comprehension skills.
References & Bibliography
- Cheng, P. W. (1985) Restructuring versus automaticity: alternative accounts of skill acquisition, Psychological Review 92: 414-23.
- Logan, G. D. (1991). Automaticity and memory. In W. Hockley & S. Lewandowsky (Eds.), Relating theory and data: Essays on human memory in honor of Bennet B. Murdock. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Logan, G. D., & Compton, B. J. (1998). Attention and automaticity. In R. Wright (Ed.), Visual attention. (pp. 108-131). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Logan, GD, Taylor, SE, Etherton, JL. "Attention and automaticity: Toward a theoretical integration." Psychol. Res.-Psychol. Forsch. 62: 165, 1999.
- Logan, G. D. (2004). Attention, automaticity, and executive control. In A. F. Healy (Ed.), Experimental cognitive psychology and its applications: Festschrift in honor of Lyle Bourne, Walter Kintsch, and Thomas Landauer. (pp. 129-139). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association Press
- Logan, G. D. (1997). The automaticity of academic life: Unconscious applications of an implicit theory. In R. S. Wyer (Ed.), Advances in Social Cognition (vol. 10). (pp. 157-179). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
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