Wikia

Psychology Wiki

Automaticity

Talk0
34,141pages on
this wiki
Revision as of 17:18, March 15, 2007 by Dr Joe Kiff (Talk | contribs)

Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Cognitive Psychology: Attention · Decision making · Learning · Judgement · Memory · Motivation · Perception · Reasoning · Thinking  - Cognitive processes Cognition - Outline Index


Automaticity is the ability to do things without occupying the mind with the low level details required. It is usually the result of learning, repetition, and practice.

Examples of automaticity are common activities such as walking, speaking and driving a car. After an activity is sufficiently practiced it is possible to focus the mind on other activities or thoughts while undertaking an automaticised activity (for example holding a conversation or planning a speech while driving a car).

LaBerge and Samuels (1974) helped explain how reading fluency develops [1]. Automaticity refers to knowing how to do something so well that you don't have to think about.

Companies, such as AutoSkill [2], incorporates the concept of automaticity into computer software. By measuring the consistency of processing speed and accuracy of students' responses, foundation reading skills can become automatic. As a result, students can devote cognitive effort to higher order comprehension skills.


See also

References & Bibliography

Key texts

Books

Papers

  • Cheng, P. W. (1985) Restructuring versus automaticity: alternative accounts of skill acquisition, Psychological Review 92: 414-23.
  • Logan, G. D. (1991). Automaticity and memory. In W. Hockley & S. Lewandowsky (Eds.), Relating theory and data: Essays on human memory in honor of Bennet B. Murdock. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • Logan, G. D., & Compton, B. J. (1998). Attention and automaticity. In R. Wright (Ed.), Visual attention. (pp. 108-131). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Logan, GD, Taylor, SE, Etherton, JL. "Attention and automaticity: Toward a theoretical integration." Psychol. Res.-Psychol. Forsch. 62: 165, 1999.
  • Logan, G. D. (2004). Attention, automaticity, and executive control. In A. F. Healy (Ed.), Experimental cognitive psychology and its applications: Festschrift in honor of Lyle Bourne, Walter Kintsch, and Thomas Landauer. (pp. 129-139). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association Press


Additional material

Books

Papers

  • Logan, G. D. (1997). The automaticity of academic life: Unconscious applications of an implicit theory. In R. S. Wyer (Ed.), Advances in Social Cognition (vol. 10). (pp. 157-179). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Sources

PhysioEx 6.0 - Peter Zao - Timothy Stabler - Greta Peterson - Lori Smith

External links

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki