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Attachment Focused Treatment Institute

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Aims of organisationEdit

The Attachment-Focused Treatment Institute is a program of the Academy of Human Development's Graduate Counseling Program and The Center For Family Development. The Attachment-Focused Treatment Institute provides training and certification in treatment methods that are grounded in Attachment theory. Attachment-Focused Treatment includes psychotherapy, family therapy, and work by other professionals using the principles of attachment theory to guide interventions, treatment, and programs.

Certification in Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy is a available. Certification requires completion of 48 hours of post graduate training in DDP and Attachment-focused treatment followed by a review of a minimum of six DVDs of treatment sessions. Upon completion, the professional will be certified as an Attachment-Focused Psychotherapist in Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy.

Attachment-focused treatment concentrate on increasing the responsiveness and sensitivity of the caregiver, or if that is not possible, changing the caregiver.[1][2][3] Such approaches include 'Watch, wait and wonder,'[4] manipulation of sensitive responsiveness,[5][6] modified 'Interaction Guidance,'.[7] 'Preschool Parent Psychotherapy,'.[8] Circle of Security',[9][10] Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC),[11] the New Orleans Intervention,[12][13][14] and Parent-Child psychotherapy.[15] 'Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy' [16],[17], [18] Other known treatment methods include Developmental, Individual-difference, Relationship-based therapy (DIR) (also referred to as Floor Time) by Stanley Greenspan, although DIR is primarily directed to treatment of pervasive developmental disorders[19] Some of these approaches, such as that suggested by Dozier, consider the attachment status of the adult caregiver to play an important role in the development of the emotional connection between adult and child. This includes foster parents, as children with poor attachment experiences often do not elicit appropriate caregiver responses from their attachment behaviors despite 'normative' care.[11]

Programs and ServicesEdit

The Institute has four levels of certification. Certification provided through the Academy of Human Development's graduate Counseling program, a university in Singapore.

There are four Certifications offered:

Certified Attachment-Focused Therapist

Certified Attachment-Focused Family Therapist

Certified Attachment-Focused Professional

Certified Attachment-Focused Organization


The Therapist Certification is for mental health providers such as Psychologists, Social workers, Marriage and family therapists, Mental health counselors, and other providers of Psychotherapy. The Professional Certification is for residential treatment center staff, therapeutic foster carers, educators, and others who wish to use Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy and Attachment-Focused Treatment methods in their work.

Certification by the Institute means that the professional has completed a comprehensive course of advanced study in the application of attachment theory and the latest advances in interpersonal neurobiology to treatment, parenting, programming, and practice.

Attachment-Focused Treatment is grounded in attachment theory, the neurobiology of interpersonal experience, and uses methods and principles from Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Prior & Glaser (2006), p. 231.
  2. AACAP (2005) p. 17-18.
  3. BakermansKranenburg et al. (2003) A meta-analysis of early interventions.
  4. Cohen et al. (1999)
  5. van den Boom (1994)
  6. van den Boom (1995)
  7. Benoit et al. (2001)
  8. Toth et al. (2002)
  9. Marvin et al. (2002)
  10. Cooper et al. (2005)
  11. 11.0 11.1 Dozier et al. (2005)
  12. Larrieu & Zeanah (1998)
  13. Larrieu & Zeannah (2004)
  14. Zeannah & Smyke (2005)
  15. Leiberman et al. (2000), p. 432.
  16. Hughes, D., Attachment-Focused Family Therapy, NY:Norton, 2009
  17. Becker-Weidman, A., (2010), Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy: Essential methods and practices, Jason Aronson
  18. Becker-Weidman, A., (2011), The Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy Casebook,Lanham, MD: Jason Aronson
  19. Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental & Learning Disorders. (2007). Dir/floortime model.

ReferencesEdit

  • Becker-Weidman, A., (2010), Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy: Essential methods & practices, Lanham, MD: Jason Aronson.
  • Becker-Weidman, A., (2011), The Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy Casebook, Lanham, MD: Jason Aronson.
  • Benoit D., Madigan S., Lecce S., Shea B., Goldberg S. (2001). Atypical maternal behaviour toward feeding disordered infants before and after intervention. Infant Mental Health Journal 22 (6): 611–626.
  • Cohen,N., Muir, E., Lojkasek, M., Muir, R., Parker, C., Barwick, M. and Brown, M. (1999) 'Watch,wait and wonder: testing the effectiveness of a new approach to mother-infant psychotherapy.' Infant Mental health Journal 20, 429-451.
  • Cooper, G., Hoffman, K., Powell, B. and Marvin, R. (2007). The Circle of Security Intervention; differential diagnosis and differential treatment. In Berlin, L.J., Ziv, Y., Amaya-Jackson, L. and Greenberg, M.T. (eds.) Enhancing Early Attachments; Theory, research, intervention, and policy. The Guilford Press. Duke series in Child Development and Public Policy. pp 127–151. ISBN 1-59385-470-6.
  • Dozier,M., Lindheim,O. and Ackerman, J., P. 'Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up: An intervention targeting empirically identified needs of foster infants'. In Berlin, L.J., Ziv, Y., Amaya-Jackson, L. and Greenberg, M.T. (eds) Enhancing Early Attachments; Theory, research, intervention, and policy The Guilford press. Duke series in Child Development and Public Policy. pp 178 – 194. (2005)ISBN 1-59385-470-6 (pbk)
  • Hughes, D., (2009), Attachment Focused Family Therapy, NY: Norton.
  • Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental & Learning Disorders. (2007). Dir/floortime model.
  • Zeanah CH, Larrieu JA (1998). Intensive intervention for maltreated infants and toddlers in foster care. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 7 (2): 357–71.
  • Larrieu,J.A., & Zeanah,C.H. (2004). Treating infant-parent relationships in the context of maltreatment: An integrated, systems approach. In A.Saner, S. McDonagh, & K. Roesenblaum (eds.) Treating parent-infant relationship problems (pp. 243–264). New York: Guilford Press ISBN 1-59385-245-2
  • Lieberman, A.F., Silverman, R., Pawl, J.H. (2000). Infant-parent psychotherapy. In C.H. Zeanah, Jr. (ed.) Handbook of infant mental health (2nd ed.) (p. 432). New York: Guilford Press. ISBN 1-59385-171-5
  • Prior, V., Glaser, D. Understanding Attachment and Attachment Disorders: Theory, Evidence and Practice (2006). Child and Adolescent Mental Health Series. Jessica Kingsley Publishers London ISBN 1-84310-245-5 OCLC 70663735
  • Toth S., Maughan A., Manly J., Spagnola M., Cicchetti D. (2002). The relative efficacy of two in altering maltreated preschool children's representational models: implications for attachment theory. Development and Psychopathology 14 (4): 877–908.


  • van den Boom, D. (1994). The influence of temperament and mothering on attachment and exploration: an experimental manipulation of sensitive responsiveness among lower-class mothers with irritable infants. Child Development 65, 1457–1477. DOI:10.2307/1131277
  • van den Boom DC (1995). Do first-year intervention effects endure? Follow-up during toddlerhood of a sample of Dutch irritable infants. Child Dev 66 (6): 1798–816.
  • Zeanah CH, Larrieu JA (1998). Intensive intervention for maltreated infants and toddlers in foster care. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 7 (2): 357–71.
  • Zeanah, C., H. and Smyke, A., T. "Building Attachment Relationships Following Maltreatment and Severe Deprivation" In Berlin,L.,J., Ziv, Y., Amaya-Jackson, L. and Greenberg, M., T. Enhancing Early Attachments; Theory, research, intervention, and policy The Guilford Press, 2005 pps 195-216 ISBN 1-59385-470-6 (pbk)

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