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An argument is a statement (premise) or group of statements (premises) offered in support of another statement (conclusion). Argument may refer to:
General types of argument Edit
- Argument form, a method of logically analyzing sentences
- Argument map, a method of displaying an informal argument
- Argumentation theory, the science and theory of civil debates
- deductive argument, if valid, the conclusion follows by necessity
- inductive argument, if strong, the conclusion is, at best, probably true
- "Informal argument", in Informal logic is one presented in ordinary language
- logical argument, a demonstration of a proof, or using logical reasoning for persuasion
- oral argument, a verbal presentation to a judge by a lawyer
- heuristic argument, a proof or demonstration relying on experimental results, or one which is not fully rigorous
Specific arguments Edit
- ontological argument, a proof by intuition or reason for the existence of God
- political argument, the use of logic rather than propaganda in promoting political ideas
- practical arguments, the structure of a persuasive argument
- doublespeak argument, the use of misleading or irrelevant reasoning by one side during a debate
Mathematics, science and linguistics Edit
- In mathematics, science (including computer science), linguistics and engineering, an argument is, generally speaking, an independent variable or input to a function.