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Applied science is the exact science of applying knowledge from one or more natural scientific fields to practical problems. Many applied sciences can be considered forms of engineering. Applied science is important for technology development.
Academic disciplines that may be considered to be applied sciences include agriculture, architecture, education, engineering, ergonomics, design, family and consumer science, forestry, forensics, health sciences, library and information science, medicine, and military science. There are also applied branches of most other sciences.
Gottfried Leibniz is sometimes described as the "father" of applied science, for his efforts to promote practical application of scientific principles.
Instrumental science, an applied science, is a systematic way of solving problems. It is not a science of discovery but rather deals with manipulation to solve a particular problem such as "The crops are dying. We need to find a way to stop this." Instrumental sciences are well known for research and development which result in new technology.
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