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Ventral roots

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Ventral roots
Spinalnerve
The formation of the spinal nerve from the dorsal and ventral roots
Latin radix anterior nervi spinalis
Gray's subject #208 916
System
MeSH A08.800.800.720.725
Gray675
A spinal nerve with its anterior and posterior roots.

In anatomy and neurology, the ventral root (or anterior root) is the efferent motor root of a spinal nerve. At its distal end, the ventral root joins with the dorsal root to form a mixed spinal nerve.

Additional imagesEdit


See alsoEdit

References & BibliographyEdit

Key textsEdit

BooksEdit

  • Bosch, E. P., Mitsumoto, H., & Chad, D. A. (1991). Disorders of peripheral nerves, plexuses, and nerve roots. Boston, MA, England: Butterworth Heinemann Publishers.
  • Burke, R. E. (2004). Spinal Cord: Ventral Horn. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Uramura, K., Yada, T., Muroya, S., & Takigawa, M. (2000). Ca-super(2+ ) oscillations in response to methamphetamine in dopamine neurons of the ventral tegmental area in rats subchronically treated with this drug. New York, NY: New York Academy of Sciences.

PapersEdit

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  • Bengtson, C. P., Lee, D. J., & Osborne, P. B. (2004). Opposing Electrophysiological Actions of 5-HT on Noncholinergic and Cholinergic Neurons in the Rat Ventral Pallidum In Vitro: Journal of Neurophysiology Vol 92(1) Jul 2004, 433-443.
  • Blaha, C. D., Allen, L. F., Das, S., Inglis, W. L., & et al. (1996). Modulation of dopamine efflux in the nucleus accumbens after cholinergic stimulation of the ventral tegmental area in intact, pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus-lesioned, and laterodorsal tegmental nucleus-lesioned rats: Journal of Neuroscience Vol 16(2) Jan 1996, 714-722.
  • Borowsky, R., Cummine, J., Owen, W. J., Friesen, C. K., Shih, F., & Sarty, G. E. (2006). FMRI of Ventral and Dorsal Processing Streams in Basic Reading Processes: Insular Sensitivity to Phonology: Brain Topography Vol 18(4) Jun 2006, 233-239.
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Additional materialEdit

BooksEdit

PapersEdit

  • Google Scholar
  • Boige, N., & Missonnier, S. (2004). The ventriloque child: Abdominal pains in the child: Revue Francaise de Psychosomatique No 26 2004, 119-146.

DissertationsEdit

  • Hinckley, C. A. (2008). Hb9-expressing interneurons in the locomotor central pattern generator. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Wojciulik, E. H. (1998). The neural basis of visual attention in the human brain: Contributions of the dorsal and ventral streams. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.

External linksEdit

External linksEdit


Spinal cord

epidural space, dura mater, subdural space, arachnoid mater, subarachnoid space, pia mater, denticulate ligaments, conus medullaris, cauda equina, filum terminale, cervical enlargement, lumbar enlargement, anterior median fissure, dorsal root, dorsal root ganglion, dorsal ramus, ventral root, ventral ramus, sympathetic trunk, gray ramus communicans, white ramus communicans

grey matter: central canal, substantia gelatinosa of Rolando, reticular formation, substantia gelatinosa centralis, interneuron, anterior horn, lateral horn, posterior horn (column of Clarke, dorsal spinocerebellar tract)

white matter: anterior funiculus: descending (anterior corticospinal tract, vestibulospinal fasciculus, tectospinal tract), ascending (anterior spinothalamic tract, anterior proper fasciculus)

lateral funiculus: descending (lateral corticospinal tract, rubrospinal tract, olivospinal tract), ascending dorsal spinocerebellar tract, ventral spinocerebellar tract, spinothalamic tract, lateral spinothalamic tract, anterior spinothalamic tract, spinotectal tract, posterolateral tract, lateral proper fasciculus, medial longitudinal fasciculus

posterior funiculus: fasciculus gracilis, fasciculus cuneatus, posterior proper fasciculus

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