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Individual differences |
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Biological: Behavioural genetics · Evolutionary psychology · Neuroanatomy · Neurochemistry · Neuroendocrinology · Neuroscience · Psychoneuroimmunology · Physiological Psychology · Psychopharmacology (Index, Outline)
|Brain: Anterior commissure|
|Coronal section of brain through anterior commissure. (Label for "anterior commissure" is on left, third from bottom.)|
|The hypophysis cerebri in position. Shown in sagittal section. (Caption for anterior commissure is at center top.)|
|Gray's||subject #189 840|
The Anterior Commissure (precommissure) is a bundle of nerve fibers (white matter), connecting the two cerebral hemispheres across the midline, and placed in front of the columns of the fornix. The great majority of fibers connecting the two hemispheres travel through the corpus callosum, which is over 10 times larger than the anterior commissure, and other routes of communication pass through the hippocampal commissure or, indirectly, via subcortical connections. Nevertheless, the anterior commissure is a significant pathway that can be clearly distinguished in the brains of all mammals.
In a sagittal section, the anterior commissure is oval in shape, having a long vertical axis that measures about 5 mm.
The fibers of the anterior commissure can be traced laterally and posteriorly on either side beneath the corpus striatum into the substance of the temporal lobe.
It serves in this way to connect the two temporal lobes, but it also contains decussating fibers from the olfactory tracts, and is a part of the neospinothalamic tract for pain. The anterior commissure also serves to connect the two amygdala.
In 1991 brain studies performed by Laura Allen and Roger Gorski of UCLA noted that the Anterior Commissure was found to be 1/3 larger in men with a homosexual orientation. In 1992, a study by Allen and Gorski shows a pattern of different sizes of the brain's anterior commissure between a group of heterosexual men and a group of women and homosexual men. But as William Brye and Bruce Parson's point out, this study has "many of the same interpretive difficulties as LeVay's." These include a "tremendous" number of exceptions, such as the fact that 27 of 30 homosexual men had anterior commissures that "fell within the range established by 30 heterosexual men."  These studies were motivated by the idea that the male homosexual brain is more similar to a female brain in function than the brain of a heterosexual male would be, and hence would express less lateralisation and greater cross-talk between hemispheres.
- ↑ LeVay S (1991). A difference in hypothalamic structure between heterosexual and homosexual men. Science 253 (5023): 1034–7.
- ↑ L.S. Allen and R.A. Gorski, "Sexual Orientation and the size of the anterior commissure in the human brain," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 89 (1992): pp. 7199-7202, cited in Byne and Parsons, op. cit. p. 235.
- Sexual orientation and the size of the anterior commissure in the human brain
- NIF Search - Anterior Commissure via the Neuroscience Information Framework
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.
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