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Anterior choroidal artery

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Artery: Anterior choroidal artery
Circle of Willis en
[[Image:|250px|center|]]
Latin Arteria chorioidea anterior
Gray's subject #147 574
Supplies
From internal carotid artery
To
Vein
MeSH [1]
Dorlands/Elsevier a_61/12153853

The anterior choroidal artery originates from the internal carotid artery, though it also rarely arises from the middle cerebral artery. [1]

Structures suppliedEdit

The anterior choroidal artery serves structures in the telencephalon, diencephalon, and mesencephalon: [2]

DisordersEdit

The full extent of the damage caused by occlusion of the anterior choroidal artery is not known. However, studiesTemplate:Which? show that the interruption of blood flow from this vessel can result in hemiplegia on the contralateral (opposite) side of the body, contralateral hemi-hypoesthesia, and homonymous hemianopsia. These symptoms are thought to arise from ischemic damage to the posterior limb of the internal capsule, thalamus, and optic chiasm/optic tract. However, the posterior limb of the internal capsule also receives lenticulostriate arteries from the Middle Cerebral Artery, thus creating partially redundant supply.[3]

References Edit

  1. Werner], [senior managing editor Maureen Barlow Pugh ; managing editor Barbara (2000). "Artery, anterior choroidal" Stedman's medical dictionary., 27. ed., Philadelphia, Pa. [u.a.]: Lippincott Williams & Williams.
  2. Ropper, Maurice Victor, Allan H. (2001). Adams and Victor's principles of neurology, 7th ed., New York: Medical Pub. Division, McGraw-Hill.
  3. Helgason, C, Caplan, LR (1986). Anterior choroidal artery-territory infarction: Report of cases and review. Arch Neurologica 43.

See also Edit

External linksEdit


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