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Andy Clark was director of the Cognitive Science Program at Indiana University in Bloomington. Before this he taught at Washington University at St. Louis and Sussex University in England. He is now a Professor of Philosophy and Chair in Logic and Metaphysics at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland.
Clark’s mind extension theories revolve around the notion of cognitive hybridization, a tendency of the human brain to integrate closely with the technology in its environment unlike that of any other species, eventually becoming dependent upon it. Because of this, Clark draws parallels between modern humans and the science fiction notion of cyborgs. To Clark, a person using a calculator is as much a cyborg as is RoboCop.
Clark studies artificial intelligence and neural networks to find parallels with the function of the human mind. Clark forsees the development of cognitive prosthetics, or electronic brain enhancements, as only the next logical step in the human mind’s natural integration with technology. Clark’s research interests also include wetwiring and other human-electronic integration experiments, as well as technological advances in immediate human communication and their utilization in society.
Books by Andy Clark:
- Microcognition: Philosophy, Cognitive Science and Parallel Distributed Processing
- Associative Engines: Connectionism, Concepts and Representational Change (1993)
- Being There: Putting Brain, Body and World Together Again
- Natural Born Cyborgs
- Mindware: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Cognitive Science (2001)
- Cognitive Science
- Connection Science
- Minds & Machines
- Philosophy and Society
- Pragmatics and Cognition
- Cognitive Science Quarterly
- Behavioral & Brain Sciences
- Excerpt from Natural Born Cyborgs
- Clark’s homepage at Indiana University
- Interview with Future Now
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