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Alveolo-palatal consonants

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File:Alveolopalatal fricative.svg
Places of articulation
Labial
Bilabial
Labial-velar
Labial-alveolar
Labiodental
Bidental
Coronal
Linguolabial
Interdental
Dental
Alveolar
Apical
Laminal
Postalveolar
Alveolo-palatal
Retroflex
Dorsal
Palatal
Labial-palatal
Velar
Uvular
Uvular-epiglottal
Radical
Pharyngeal
Epiglotto-pharyngeal
Epiglottal
Glottal

In phonetics, alveolo-palatal (or alveopalatal) consonants are palatalized postalveolar sounds, usually fricatives and affricates, articulated with the blade of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge, and the body of the tongue raised toward the palate. These consonants are similar to palato-alveolar consonants, but are more fully palatalized.

Sibilants Edit

The alveolo-palatal sibilants are often used in the Chinese languages such as Mandarin, Hakka, and Wu, as well as other languages in the East Asian sprachbund, such as Japanese and Korean. Alveolo-palatal sibilants are also a feature of many Slavic languages, such as Polish, Russian and Serbo-Croatian, and of Northwest Caucasian languages, such as Abkhaz and Ubykh. Kinnauri uses an alveolo-palatal nasal. The alveolo-palatal consonants in the International Phonetic Alphabet are:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
ɕ Voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative Mandarin (xiǎo) [ɕiɑu˨˩˦] small
ʑ Voiced alveolo-palatal fricative Polish zioło [ʑɔwɔ] herb
t͡ɕ Voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate Serbo-Croatian kuća/кућа [kut͡ɕa] house
d͡ʑ Voiced alveolo-palatal affricate Japanese 地震 (jishin) [d͡ʑiɕĩɴ] earthquake

Stops, nasals and liquids Edit

Symbols for alveolo-palatal stops (ȶ, ȡ), nasals (ȵ), and liquids (ȴ) are sometimes used, but these are not recognized by the IPA. The same symbols are used by some to represent simple palatal or palatalized consonants.

The Polish nasal represented with the letter ń is considered to be alveolo-palatal rather than palatal. Also the "palatal" consonants of several Indigenous Australian languages are also sometimes judged closer to alveolo-palatal in their articulation.

Non-standard IPA Description Example
Language Orthography Non-standard IPA Standard IPA Meaning
ȶ Voiceless alveolo-palatal stop Korean 티끌/tikkeul [ȶʰiʔk̤ɯl] [t̠ʲʰiʔk̤ɯl] dust
ȡ Voiced alveolo-palatal stop Korean 반디/bandi [b̥ɐnȡi] [b̥ɐnd̠ʲi] firefly
ȵ Alveolo-palatal nasal Yi language ꑌ (nyi) [ȵi˧] [ṉʲi˧] sit
ȴ Alveolo-palatal lateral Catalan ull [ˈuȴ] [ˈuḻʲ] eye

ReferencesEdit


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